Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
1Activity

Table Of Contents

1.3 WHAT VOCABULARY IS NEEDED TO UNDERSTAND THERMODYNAMICS?
1.3.3 What Are the Types of Property: Extensive and Intensive?
1.3.8 What Is a Reversible Process or Reversible Change?
1.3.12 What Are Molar and Mass or Specific Quantities?
1.3.15 What Are Molar Quantities of Mixing?
1.3.16 What Are Mixtures, Solutions, and Molality?
1.3.17 What Are Dilution and Infinite Dilution?
1.3.18 What Is the Extent of Chemical Reaction?
1.4.1 What Is the Intermolecular Potential Energy?
1.4.2 What Is the Origin of Intermolecular Forces?
1.4.3 What Are Model Pair Potentials and Why Do We Need Them?
1.4.3.3 What Is a Lennard-Jones (12–6) Potential?
1.4.3.4 What Is the Potential for Nonspherical Systems?
1.5 WHAT IS THERMODYNAMIC ENERGY?
1.7.1 How Does a Dewar Flask Work?
1.7.4 What Is the Best Mode of Operation for a Gas Compressor?
1.7.5 What Is the Work Required for an Isothermal Compression?
1.7.6 What Is the Work Required for an Adiabatic Compression?
1.8 HOW ARE THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES MEASURED?
1.8.1 How Is Temperature Measured?
1.8.2 How Is Pressure Measured?
1.8.3 How Are Energy and Enthalpy Differences Measured?
1.8.5 How Is Heat Capacity Measured?
1.8.6 How Do I Measure the Energy in a Food Substance?
1.8.7 What Is an Adiabatic Flow Calorimeter?
1.9 WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN UNCERTAINTY AND ACCURACY?
1.10 WHAT ARE STANDARD QUANTITIES AND HOW ARE THEY USED?
1.12 REFERENCES
What Is Statistical Mechanics?
2.1 INTRODUCTION
2.2 WHAT IS BOLTZMANN’S DISTRIBUTION?
2.3 HOW DO I EVALUATE THE PARTITION FUNCTION q?
2.4 WHAT CAN BE CALCULATED USING THE MOLECULAR PARTITION FUNCTION?
2.4.1 What Is the Heat Capacity of an Ideal Diatomic Gas?
2.4.2 What Is the Heat Capacity of a Crystal?
2.4.5 What Is the Entropy of a Perfect Gas?
2.5.1 What Is the Canonical Partition Function?
2.5.2 Why Is the Calculation so Difficult for Real Systems?
2.6 WHAT ARE REAL, IDEAL, AND PERFECT GASES AND FLUIDS?
2.7 WHAT IS THE VIRIAL EQUATION AND WHY IS IT USEFUL?
2.7.1 What Happens to the Virial Series for Mixtures?
2.8 WHAT IS THE PRINCIPLE OF CORRESPONDING STATES?
2.9 WHAT IS ENTROPY S?
2.9.1 How Can I Interpret Entropy Changes?
2.10 REFERENCES
3.1 INTRODUCTION
3.2.1 What Is Law 2a?
3.2.2 What Is Law 2b?
3.3 WHAT DO I DO IF THERE ARE OTHER INDEPENDENT VARIABLES?
3.3.1 Is Zero a Characteristic Thermodynamic Function?
3.4 WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THERE IS A CHEMICAL REACTION?
3.5 WHAT AM I ABLE TO DO KNOWING LAW 2a?
3.5.2 How Do I Calculate Expansivity and Compressibility?
3.5.6 Why Use an Isentropic Expansion to Liquefy a Gas?
3.5.8 What Is a Joule-Thomson Expansion?
3.6 WHAT AM I ABLE TO DO KNOWING LAW 2b?
3.6.1 How Are Thermal Equilibrium and Stability Ensured?
3.6.2 How Are Mechanical Equilibrium and Stability Ensured?
3.6.3 How Are Diffusive Equilibrium and Stability Ensured?
3.9 WHAT IS EXERGY GOOD FOR?
3.10 REFERENCES
Phase Equilibria
4.1 INTRODUCTION
4.1.1 What Is the Phase Rule?
4.2 WHAT IS PHASE EQUILIBRIUM OF A PURE SUBSTANCE?
4.2.2 How Do I Calculate the Chemical Potential?
4.4 DO I HAVE TO USE CHEMICAL POTENTIALS? WHAT IS FUGACITY?
4.5 WHAT ARE IDEAL LIQUID MIXTURES?
4.6 WHAT ARE ACTIVITY COEFFICIENTS?
4.7.4.1 What Is an Isothermal Flash?
4.7.4.2 What Is an Isenthalpic Flash?
4.7.4.3 What Is an Isentropic Flash?
4.8 WOULD PRACTICAL EXAMPLES HELP?
4.8.2 How Does a Cooling Tower Work?
4.9 WHAT IS THE TEMPERATURE CHANGE OF DILUTION?
4.10 WHAT ABOUT LIQUID + LIQUID AND SOLID + LIQUID EQUILIBRIA?
4.10.1 What Are Conformal Mixtures?
4.10.2 What Are Simple Mixtures?
4.10.3 What Are Partially Miscible Liquid Mixtures?
4.10.4 What Are Critical Points in Liquid Mixtures?
4.11 WHAT PARTICULAR FEATURES DO PHASE EQUILIBRIA HAVE?
4.11.1 What Is a Simple Phase Diagram?
4.11.2 What Is Retrograde Condensation (or Evaporation)?
4.11.3 What Is the Barotropic Effect?
4.11.4 What Is Azeotropy?
4.12 WHAT ARE SOLUTIONS?
4.12.1 What Is the Activity Coefficient at Infinite Dilution?
4.12.2 What Is the Osmotic Coefficient of the Solvent?
4.13 REFERENCES
Reactions, Electrolytes, and Nonequilibrium
5.1 INTRODUCTION
5.2 WHAT IS CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM?
5.2.1 What Are Enthalpies of Reaction?
5.3 WHAT ARE EQUILIBRIUM CONSTANTS?
5.4 WHAT IS IRREVERSIBLE THERMODYNAMICS?
5.5 WHAT ARE GALVANIC CELLS?
5.5.1 What Is a Standard Electromotive Force?
5.6 WHAT IS SPECIAL ABOUT ELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONS?
5.9 REFERENCES
Power Generation, Refrigeration, and Liquefaction
6.1 INTRODUCTION
6.2 WHAT IS A CYCLIC PROCESS AND ITS USE?
6.3 WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF POWER CYCLES?
6.3.2 Why Do Power Plants Have Several Steam Turbines?
6.3.3 What Is a Combined Cycle?
6.4 WHAT IS A REFRIGERATION CYCLE?
6.4.1 What Is a Vapor-Compression Cycle?
6.4.2 What Is an Absorption Refrigeration Cycle?
6.4.3 Can I Use Solar Power for Cooling?
6.5 WHAT IS A LIQUEFACTION PROCESS?
6.6 REFERENCES
Where Do I Find My Numbers?
7.1 INTRODUCTION
7.2 WHAT KIND OF NUMBERS ARE WE SEARCHING FOR?
7.2.1 How Uncertain Should the Values Be?
7.3 IS THE INTERNET A SOURCE TO FIND ANY NUMBER?
7.3.1 What about Web Pages?
7.3.3.1 What Is the NIST Thermo Data Engine?
7.3.3.4 What Is the NIST Chemistry Web Book?
7.3.3.5 What Is the DIPPR Database 801?
7.3.3.6 What Is the Landolt-Börnstein?
7.3.3.7 What Is NIST STEAM?
7.4 HOW CAN I EVALUATE REPORTED EXPERIMENTAL VALUES?
7.4.1.1 How Do I Measure Density and Volume?
7.4.1.2 How Do I Measure Saturation or Vapor Pressure?
7.4.1.3 How Do I Measure Critical Properties?
7.4.1.4 How Do I Measure Sound Speed?
7.4.1.5 How Do I Measure Relative Electric Permittivity?
7.4.2.1 How Do I Measure Viscosity?
7.4.2.2 How Do I Measure Thermal Conductivity?
7.4.2.3 How Do I Measure Diffusion Coefficients?
7.5 How Do I Calculate Thermodynamic Properties?
7.5.3 How Do I Calculate the Boiling Point of a Nonpolar Mixture?
7.5.5 How Do I Calculate the VLE of a Polar Mixture?
7.5.6 How Do I Construct a VLE Composition Diagram?
7.5.7 How Do I Construct a LLE Composition Diagram?
7.6 HOW DO I CALCULATE TRANSPORT PROPERTIES?
7.7 REFERENCES
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Thermodynamics-Commonly Asked Questions.pdf

Thermodynamics-Commonly Asked Questions.pdf

Ratings: (0)|Views: 28|Likes:
Published by Ram Babu Shah
objective type
objective type

More info:

Published by: Ram Babu Shah on Oct 26, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/06/2014

pdf

text

original

You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 8 to 73 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 81 to 109 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 117 to 189 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 197 to 203 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 211 to 352 are not shown in this preview.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->