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Defense Mechanisms

Defense Mechanisms

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Published by Bong Ocaña

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Published by: Bong Ocaña on Oct 26, 2013
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10/26/2013

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The Defense Mechanism ManualThe Defense Mechanism Manual was developed to assess the use of threedefenses—denial, projection, and identification—as revealed in stories told to standardTAT and CAT cards. Specific criteria have been developed for CAT Cards 3, 5, and 10,and for TAT Cards 1, 2, 3BM, 3GF, 4, 5, 6BM, 6GF, 7BM, 7GF, 8BM, 8GF, 10, 12F,12MF, 13G, 13MF, 14, 15, 17BM, 18GF, 20, and the research Trapeze card.The scoring for each defense is based on seven categories, each designed to reflect adifferent aspect of the defense. Each category may be scored as often as necessary, withthe exception of a direct repetition in the story; in cases of repetition, the category isscored only once
 
Although examples are provided to aid in deciding whether a category should bescored or not, inevitably questions will arise. A thorough knowledge of the nature of thedefense mechanisms will help in answering these questions. Beyond this, the general ruleto be followed is, “When in doubt, leave it out.” That is, if there is a serious questionabout whether or not the story segment is an example of the defense, do not score it.
 
2
DENIAL: SUMMARY OF SCORING CATEGORIES
1.Omission2.Misperception3.Reversal4.Statements of Negation5.Denial of Reality6.Overly Maximizing Positive, Minimizing Negative7.Unexpected Goodness, Optimism, Positiveness, Gentleness
 
3
DENIAL
 A.
Primitive
 
Denial 
In the categories of primitive Denial, the story-teller assumes that thestimulus card is something, and the defense is seen in the avoidance or changing the nature of that thing.
1. Omission of Major Characters of Objects
Failure to perceive salient stimuli that are perceived by nearly all one’s peers.This applies only to the major or obvious objects. Omission of any of theseobjects from the story is scored, according to the following plan.
CAT 3: pipe plus cane = 1mouse = 1lion = 1CAT 5: 2 out of 3; bed, forms in bed, crib = 1teddy bears = 1CAT 10: bathroom = 1adult dog = 1baby dog = 1TAT 1: boy = 1violin = 1TAT 2: girl in front = 1pregnant woman = 1 (pregnancy must be indicated)man (or, family, parents) = 1TAT 3BM: person = 1gun or knife = 1TAT 3GF: person = 1TAT 4: man = 1woman = 1TAT 5: woman = 1room = 1TAT 6BM: young man = 1older woman = 1TAT 6GF: man = 1woman = 1TAT 7BM: older man = 1younger man = 1TAT 7GF: young girl = 1woman = 1baby or doll = 1

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