The Defense Mechanism ManualThe Defense Mechanism Manual was developed to assess the use of threedefenses—denial, projection, and identification—as revealed in stories told to standardTAT and CAT cards. Specific criteria have been developed for CAT Cards 3, 5, and 10,and for TAT Cards 1, 2, 3BM, 3GF, 4, 5, 6BM, 6GF, 7BM, 7GF, 8BM, 8GF, 10, 12F,12MF, 13G, 13MF, 14, 15, 17BM, 18GF, 20, and the research Trapeze card.The scoring for each defense is based on seven categories, each designed to reflect adifferent aspect of the defense. Each category may be scored as often as necessary, withthe exception of a direct repetition in the story; in cases of repetition, the category isscored only once
Although examples are provided to aid in deciding whether a category should bescored or not, inevitably questions will arise. A thorough knowledge of the nature of thedefense mechanisms will help in answering these questions. Beyond this, the general ruleto be followed is, “When in doubt, leave it out.” That is, if there is a serious questionabout whether or not the story segment is an example of the defense, do not score it.