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Spectral sound processing using Max:Msp

Spectral sound processing using Max:Msp

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Published by El Guardaparques
Spectral sound processing using Max:Msp
Spectral sound processing using Max:Msp

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Published by: El Guardaparques on Oct 26, 2013
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12/30/2013

 
 K ^utgrhko gi Vpmftrko Vguin Trgfmsshi` ]shi` Ckx/CVT kin Bhttmr 
Bmki-Lrkif±ghs Fakroms
; Ugutm nm Tokcp¾mry0>>04 \khooy, LrkifmblfDbmkilrkifghsfakroms.fgcLgr fgcputmr cushfhkis, sguin prgfmsshi` hi tamlrmqumify ngckhi hs ki hcpgrtkit kin whnmoy usmntmfaihqum. ^wg pkrthfuokr lrmqumify-ngckhi tggosgl `rmkt hcpgrtkifm lgr tam fgcpgsmr krm tam paksmvgfgnmr kin tam sgig`rkc. ^am paksm vgfgnmr, kikikoyshs-rmsyitamshs tggo eksmn gi k smqumifm glgvmrokpphi` sagrt-thcm Lgurhmr trkislgrcs, amopspmrlgrc k vkrhmty gl sguin cgnhlhfkthgis, lrgc thcmstrmtfahi` tg krehtrkry fgitrgo gl mimr`y nhstrheuthgitargu`a lrmqumify spkfm. ^am sgig`rkc, k `rkpahfkormprmsmitkthgi gl k sguin‘s spmftruc, gllmrs fgc-pgsmrs cgrm rmknkeom lrmqumify hilgrckthgi taki kthcm-ngckhi wkvmlgrc.Vufa tggos ckjm `rkpahfko sguin syitamshsfgivmihmit.Kahstgrygl`rkpahfkosguinsyitamshshsemygin tam sfgpm gl tahs krthfom, eut k lmw hcpgrtkitlh`urms hifounm Mv`miy Curzhi, Tmrfy @rkhi`mr, kinHkiihs Qmikjhs. Hi ;861, Mv`miy Curzhi hivmitmn ksystmc tg `mimrktm sguin lrgc k vhsheom hck`m: tamnmsh`i, eksmn gi tam pagtg-gpthf sguin tmfaihqumusmn hi fhimcktg`rkpay, wks hcpomcmitmn ks tamKIV syitamshzmr hi ;8=1 (Jrmhfah ;88=). Tmrfy@rkhi`mr wks kosg k phgimmr whta tam ‟Lrmm CushfCkfahim– takt am nmsh`imn kin euhot whta EurimttFrgss hi ;8=5 (Omwhs ;88;): tam nmvhfm wks keomtg `mimrktm sguin lrgc k nrkwhi` gl ki mvgovhi`phtfa kin kcpohtunm. Hi ;800, Hkiihs Qmikjhs kinkssgfhktms euhot gi tamsm hnmks wami tamy frmktmntam lkcgus ]THF (]iht¾m Tgoyk`g`hqum Hilgrckthqumnu FMCKCu: Ckrhig, Vmrrk, kin Ukfzhisjh ;886).Hi tahs krthfom, H mxpogrm tam ngckhi gl `rkpahfkospmftrko kikoyshs kin syitamshs hi rmko-thcm shtuk-thgis. ^am tmfaigog`y aks mvgovmn sg takt igw, igtgioy fki tam paksm vgfgnmr pmrlgrc kikoyshs kinsyitamshs hi rmko thcm, eut fgcpgsmrs akvm kffmss tgk imw fgifmptuko kpprgkfa2 spmftruc cgnhlhfkthgisfgishnmrmnks`rkpahfkoprgfmsshi`.Imvmrtamomss,tamuinmroyhi` cktrhx rmprmsmitkthgi hs sthoo hithchnkt-hi` tg ckiy cushfhkis. Fgismqumitoy, tam cushfkopgtmithko gl tahs tmfaihqum hs ks ymt uiluolhoomn.
Fgcputmr Cushf Bguriko, 6526, pp. 10‖;45, Lkoo 5441
f
5441 Cksskfausmtts Histhtutm gl ^mfaigog`y.
^ahs krthfom hs hitminmn ks egta k prmsmitkthgi gltam pgtmithko gl ckihpuokthi` spmftrko sguin nktkks cktrhfms kin k tutgrhko lgr cushfhkis wag wkittg hcpomcmit sufa mllmfts hi tam Ckx/CVT/Bhttmrmivhrgicmit. ^argu`agut tam krthfom, H fgishnmrspmftrko kikoyshs kin syitamshs ks rmkohzmn ey tamLkst Lgurhmr ^rkislgrc (LL^) kin Hivmrsm-LL^ko`grhtacs. H kssucm k lkchohkrhty whta tam LL^(Ugkns ;88=) kin tam paksm vgfgnmr (Ngosgi ;81<).^g ckjm tam cgst gl tam mxkcpoms, k lkchohkrhtywhta tam Ckx/CVT mivhrgicmit hs imfmsskry, kink ekshf jigwomn`m gl tam Bhttmr mxtmishgi cky emamopluo.H em`hi whta k survmy gl tam sgltwkrm furrmitoykvkhokeom lgr wgrjhi` hi tahs ngckhi. H tami sagwsgcmhcprgvmcmitstgtamtrknhthgikopaksmvgfgnmrusmn hi egta rmko thcm kin
pmrlgrckifm thcm.
(Pamrmks rmko-thcm trmktcmits krm kppohmn gi k ohvmsguin strmkc, pmrlgrckifm-thcm trmktcmits krmtrkislgrckthgis gl sguin lhoms takt krm `mimrktmnnurhi` k pmrlgrckifm.) Lhikooy, H prmsmit mxtmishgistg tam pgpuokr rmko-thcm spmftrko prgfmsshi` cmtagnjigwi ks tam
lrmmzm
, tg nmcgistrktm takt cktrhxprgfmsshi` fki em usmluo hi tam fgitmxt gl rmko-thcmmllmfts.
 Vpmftrko Vguin Trgfmsshi` whta @rkpahfkoHitmrkfthgi
Vmvmrko nmnhfktmn sgltwkrm prgnufts mikeom `rkpahfrminmrhi` kin/gr mnhthi` gl sguins targu`a tamhrsgig`rkc. ^amy `mimrkooy ng igt wgrj hi rmko thcm,emfkusmklmwymkrsk`g,rmko-thcmprgfmsshi`glfgc-pomtm spmftrko nktk wks igt pgssheom gi fgcputmrskffmssheom tg hinhvhnuko cushfhkis. ^ahs fkofuokthgiohchtkthgi omn tg tam nmvmogpcmit gl gebmfts ohjmHUFKC‘s Ckx/CVT mxtmriko
hkik
, wahfa rmnufmsspmftrko nktk tg k smt gl usmluo nmsfrhptgrs (^gngrgll,Nkuermssm, kin Lhimemr` ;88=). Kltmr k quhfjsurvmy gl tam furrmit ohchtkthgis gl igi-rmko-thcmsgltwkrm, wm rmvhmw tam mivhrgicmits koogwhi` LL^prgfmsshi` kin vhsukohzkthgi hi rmko thcm.
Fakroms
10
 
Igi-Umko-^hcm ^ggos
KunhgVfuopt, k prg`rkc nmvmogpmn ey HUFKC, hsfakrkftmrhzmn ey tam ah`a prmfhshgi ht gllmrs ks wmooks tam pgsshehohty tg fustgchzm knvkifmn pkrkcmtmrslgr tam LL^ kikoyshs (Eg`kkrns, U¨gemo, kin Ugnmt544>). Lgr histkifm, tam usmr fki knbust tam kikoyshswhingw shzm tg k nhllmrmit vkoum taki tam LL^ shzm.^armm kutgckthf sm`cmitkthgi cmtagns krm prg-vhnmn kin mikeom ah`a-qukohty thcm strmtfahi` whtatrkishmit prmsmrvkthgi. Gtamr hcpgrtkit luifthgiskrm lrmqumify-ehi hinmpminmit nyikchfs prgfmss-hi` (tg em usmn lgr ighsm rmcgvko, lgr histkifm)kin kppohfkthgi gl lhotmrs nrkwi gi tam sgig`rkc.Knvkifmn ko`grhtacs krm kvkhokeom, hifounhi` luink-cmitko lrmqumify msthckthgi, fkofuokthgi gl spmftrkomivmogpms, kin pkrthko trkfjhi`. Vyitamshs cky emrmkohzmn hi rmko thcm whta smqumifmn vkoums gl pk-rkcmtmrs: tamsm fki, agwmvmr, igt em kotmrmn ‟gi tamloy.– ^am kppohfkthgi whta `rkpahfko usmr hitmrlkfmruis gi Ckf GV Q.CmtkVyita (Pmi`mr kin Vphm`mo 544=) kppohms`rkpahfko mllmfts tg LL^ rmprmsmitkthgis gl sguinsemlgrm rmsyitamshs. ^am usmr fki kppoy `rkpahfkolhotmrs tg sgig`rkcs, hifounhi` nhspokfmcmit ckps,zggchi`, kin eourrhi`. K smt gl gpmrkthgis hivgov-hi` twg sgig`rkcs hs kosg kvkhokeom2 eomin, lknmhi/gut, cuothpoy, kin ehi-whsm frgss syitamshs. Hths kosg pgssheom tg usm lgrckit lhotmrs. ^am phtlkoohs takt CmtkVyita ngms igt `hvm fgitrgo gl tampaksm hilgrckthgi `hvmi ey tam LL^2 paksms krmrkingchzmn, kin tam usmr hs `hvmi tam faghfm kcgi`smvmrko cgnms gl rkingchzkthgi. Kotagu`a tahsch`at prgnufm hitmrmsthi` sguins, ht ngms igt gllmrtam cgst fgcprmamishvm rki`m gl pgsshehohthms lgrrmsyitamshs.^amrm krm tgg ckiy gtamr prg`rkcs hi tahs vmhitg ohst tamc koo, kin cgrm krm emhi` nmvmogpmnmkfa ymkr. Lgr histkifm, Vpmkr (Johi`emho 544=) lg-fusms gi pkrthko kikoyshs, VguinAkfj (Tgokisjykin Mrem ;88<) aks hitmrmsthi` ko`grhtacs lgr spmf-trko cutkthgi, kin Trkkt (Egmrsck kin Pmmihij544<) hs nmnhfktmn tg spmmfa prgfmsshi`. ^am okt-tmr twg gllmr ig hitmrkfthvm `rkpahfko fgitrgo,tagu`a.
Lh`urm ;. LL^ nktk rmfgrnmn hi k stmrmg eullmr.
Umko-^hcm Mivhrgicmits
TurmNktk kin Ckx/CVT krm twg mivhrgicmitswhnmoy usmn ey krthsts, fgcpgsmrs, kin rmsmkrfamrstg prgfmss sguin hi rmko thcm. Egta mikeom wgrj hitam spmftrko ngckhi vhk LL^ kikoyshs/rmsyitamshs. Hlgfus gi Ckx/CVT hi tahs krthfom, prhckrhoy emfkusmtam CVT gebmft
pllt
shcpohlhms tam nmvmogpmr‘stksj ey fomkroy smpkrkthi` tam thcm ngckhi (gutshnmtam
pllt
pktfamr) lrgc tam lrmqumify ngckhi(hishnm tam pktfamr). Pami tmkfahi`, H lhin takt tam`rkpahfko egrnmr emtwmmi tam thcm kin lrmqumifyngckhis lkfhohtktms tam `mimrko uinmrstkinhi` glspmftrko prgfmsshi`.]shi` LL^ hishnm Ckx/CVT cky em smmi ksnhllhfuot emfkusm tam LL^ rmprmsmitkthgi hs twg-nhcmishgiko (h.m., vkoums emogi` tg k thcm/lrmqumify`rhn), wamrmks tam kunhg strmkc kin eullmrs krmgim-nhcmishgiko. Lh`urm ; sagws agw nktk fki emstgrmn wami rmfgrnhi` k spmftruc hitg k stmrmgeullmr.^am tmishgi emtwmmi tam twg-nhcmishgiko ikturmgl tam nktk kin tam gim-nhcmishgiko lrkcmwgrjckjms fgnhi` gl knvkifmn prgfmsshi` pkttmris (m.`.,vhsukohzkthgiglksgig`rkc,mvkoukthgigltrkishmits,kin igi-rkingc cgnhlhfkthgis gl spkthko mimr`y hitam thcm/lrmqumify `rhn) sgcmwakt nhllhfuot. Kimxkcpom gl trmktcmit hi tahs fgitmxt hs lguin hi tamwgrj gl Xgui` kin Omxmr (5446), hi wahfa tam mimr`yhi `rkpahfkooy smomftmn lrmqumify rm`hgis hs ckppmngitg syitamshs fgitrgo pkrkcmtmrs.^am okfj gl cuothnhcmishgiko nktk whtahiCkx/CVT omn HUFKC tg nmvmogp L^C (Vfaimoomt ko. 544=), ki mxtmishgi nmnhfktmn tg cuothnhcmi-shgiko nktk kin hihthkooy pkrt gl tam bCkx prgbmft.Cgrm spmfhlhfkooy, tam L^C
@kegr
gebmfts (Vfaimookin Vfawkrz 544=) mikeom k ‟`mimrkohzmn `rkiuokrsyitamshs,– hifounhi` spmftrko ckihpuokthgis. L^Ckttmcpts tg gpmrktm ‟Lkstmr ^aki Cushf– hi takttam gpmrkthgis krm igt ohijmn tg tam kunhg rktm eut
11
Fgcputmr Cushf Bguriko
 
Lh`urm 5. Taksm vgfgnmrnmsh`i.
krm ngim ks lkst ks pgssheom. L^C hs hitminmn tg emfrgss-poktlgrckinhssthoouinmrkfthvmnmvmogpcmit.Agwmvmr, tam mivhrgicmit hs igt whnmoy usmn kt tamcgcmit, kin ht hs igt ks mksy tg omkri kin usm ksCkx/CVT.Hi 5445, Fyfohi` ‘0> hitrgnufmn hts gwi cuo-thnhcmishgiko nktk mxtmishgi tg Ckx/CVT2 Bhttmr.^ahs pkfjk`m hs prhckrhoy usmn tg `mimrktm `rkpahfs(hifounhi` vhnmg kin Gpmi@O rminmrhi`), eut ht mi-keoms cgrm `mimrkooy tam ckihpuokthgi gl cktrhfmshishnm Ckx/CVT. Ohjm L^C, ht pmrlgrcs gpmrkthgisgi cktrhfms ks lkst ks pgssheom. ^am smkcomss hi-tm`rkthgi whta Ckx/CVT ckjms hcpomcmitkthgigl kunhg/vhnmg ohijs vmry shcpom (Bgims kin Imvhom544=).Bhttmr hs whnmoy usmn ey vhnmg krthsts. ^am omkrihi`furvm lgr Ckx usmrs hs rmksgikeom, takijs tg tamiucemr gl ah`a-qukohty tutgrhkos kvkhokeom. ^amkehohty tg prg`rkc hi Bkvksfrhpt kin Bkvk whtahi Ckxhs kosg luooy kvkhokeom tg Bhttmr gebmfts. ^aus, H fagsmBhttmr ks k luturm-prggl faghfm lgr hcpomcmithi` tahsprgbmft.
 Ki Mxtminmn Taksm \gfgnmr 
Hcpomcmithi` k paksm vgfgnmr hi Ckx/CVT/Bhttmruiogfjs k vkrhmty gl cushfko trmktcmits takt wguonrmckhihcpgssheomwhtacgrmtrknhthgikokpprgkfams.Trmvhgus wgrj ushi` Bhttmr tg prgfmss sguin hi tamlrmqumify ngckhi hifounm twg sgurfms2 lhrst, OujmNueghs‘s pktfa
bhttmr pvgf 5N.pkt
, nhstrheutmnwhta Bhttmr, wahfa sagws k wky tg rmfgrn LL^nktk hi k cktrhx, tg trkislgrc ht (vhk zggc kinrgtkthgi), kin tg poky ht ekfj vhk tam HLL^: smfgin,ki mxtmishgi gl tahs lhrst wgrj, wamrm tam kutagrshitrgnufm `rkpahfko trkislgrckthgis ushi` k trkislmrcktrhx (Vmnms, Fgurrhemt, kin ^ahmekut 544>).Egta usm k nmsh`i shchokr tg tam gim prmsmitmn hiLh`urm 5.^ahssmfthgiminmkvgrstgckjmtampaksm-vgfgnmrtmfaihqum kffmssheom, kin ht prmsmits hcprgvmcmitshi tam rmsyitamshs kin hitrgnufms gtamr kpprgkfamstg `rkpahfkooy eksmn trkislgrckthgis.
LL^ Nktk hi Cktrhfms
Ki LL^ yhmons Fkrtmshki vkoums, usukooy trkisoktmntg tamhr mquhvkomit pgokr rmprmsmitkthgi. Pgrjhi`whta Fkrtmshki fggrnhiktms hs sgcmthcms usmluo lgrchihchzhi` FT] usk`m. Agwmvmr, tg mkshoy kfahmvmtam whnmst kin cgst pmrfmpthvmoy cmkihi`luo rki`mgl trkislgrckthgis emlgrm rmsyitamshs, wm whoo wgrjwhta ck`ihtunms kin paksm nhllmrmifms (h.m., tam ehi-ey-ehi nhllmrmifms emtwmmi paksm vkoums hi knbkfmitlrkcms).Lh`urm 6 sagws agw H stgrm LL^ nktk hi k Bhttmrcktrhx targu`agut tahs krthfom. Pm usm 65-ehtlogkthi`-pghit iucemrs amrm, tam skcm nktk typmtakt CVT usms. ^am `rhn amh`at hs tam iucemr gllrmqumify ehis, ikcmoy, akol tam LL^ shzm, kin htsomi`tahstamiucemrglkikoyshswhingws(kosgfkoomnlrkcms hi tam LL^ ohtmrkturm). Ht hs og`hfko tg usm ktwg-pokim cktrhx2 tam lhrst hs usmn lgr ck`ihtunms,tam smfgin lgr paksm nhllmrmifms.
Fakroms
18

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