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WI_09_TC-approval_version_prEN_15316-4-3_Space_heating_generation_systems-Thermal_solar_systems.pdf

WI_09_TC-approval_version_prEN_15316-4-3_Space_heating_generation_systems-Thermal_solar_systems.pdf

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standard performanta energetica instalatii
standard performanta energetica instalatii

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Document type: European StandardDocument subtype:Document stage: Formal VoteDocument language: EC:\Mine dokumenter\TC 228\WG 4\WI 00228025\TC version\N538_prEN 15316-4-3_WI00228025_2006-08.doc STD Version 2.1c
Doc. CEN/TC 228 N538CEN/TC 228
 
Date: 2006-08
CEN/TC 228 WI 025
CEN/TC 228Secretariat: DS
 
Heating systems in buildings — Method for calculation of system energyrequirements and system efficiencies — Part 4-3 Space heating generationsystems, thermal solar systems
Einführendes Element — Haupt-Element — Ergänzendes Element Élément introductif — Élément central — Élément complémentaire
ICS:Descriptors:
 
prEN 15316-4-3:2006 (E)2
Contents
Page
 
Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3
 
Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................4
 
1
 
Scope......................................................................................................................................................5
 
2
 
Normative references............................................................................................................................5
 
3
 
Terms and definitions...........................................................................................................................6
 
3.1
 
Definitions..............................................................................................................................................6
 
3.2
 
Symbols and abbreviations..................................................................................................................7
 
4
 
Principle of the method.........................................................................................................................9
 
4.1
 
Building load requirements influence the energy performance of a solar thermal system..........9
 
4.2
 
The solar thermal system influences the energy performance of the building..............................9
 
4.3
 
Performance of the solar thermal system...........................................................................................9
 
4.4
 
Heat balance of the heat generation subsystem, including control..............................................10
 
4.5
 
Auxiliary energy..................................................................................................................................13
 
4.6
 
Recoverable, recovered and unrecoverable heat losses...............................................................13
 
4.7
 
Calculation periods............................................................................................................................13
 
5
 
Solar thermal system calculation......................................................................................................13
 
5.1
 
Calculation procedures......................................................................................................................13
 
5.2
 
Method A - using system data (results from system tests)...........................................................14
 
5.3
 
Method B - using component data (results from component tests).............................................17
 
Annex A
(informative)
Examples on determination of thermal performance of solar thermalsystems................................................................................................................................................24
 
A.1
 
Solar DHW system with external back-up heater............................................................................24
 
A.2
 
Solar combisystem.............................................................................................................................26
 
Annex B (informative) Informative values for use in the calculation methods........................................31
 
B.1
 
System type coefficients....................................................................................................................31
 
B.2
 
Solar thermal system default values................................................................................................31
 
B.3
 
Storage tank capacity correction coefficient c
cap
............................................................................33
 
B.4
 
Reference temperature
θ
ref 
.................................................................................................................34
 
B.5
 
Solar irradiance on the collector plane and incidence angle modifier.........................................35
 
B.6
 
Heat losses of the solar tank.............................................................................................................35
 
B.7
 
Distribution losses between the solar thermal system and the back-up heater..........................35
 
B.8
 
Recoverable part of solar thermal system losses...........................................................................36
 
Annex C
(informative)
Product classification................................................................................................37
 
C.1
 
Solar collectors...................................................................................................................................37
 
C.2
 
Solar hot-water heaters......................................................................................................................37
 
C.3
 
Storage tanks......................................................................................................................................37
 
Annex D
(informative)
Savings calculation...................................................................................................39
 
Bibliography.....................................................................................................................................................40
 
 
prEN 15316-4-3:2006 (E)3
Foreword
This document (prEN 15316-4-3:2005) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 228 “Heatingsystems in buildings”, the secretariat of which is held by DS.The subjects covered by CEN/TC 228 are the following:- design of heating systems (water based, electrical etc.);- installation of heating systems;- commissioning of heating systems;- instructions for operation, maintenance and use of heating systems;- methods for calculation of the design heat loss and heat loads;- methods for calculation of the energy performance of heating systems.Heating systems also include the effect of attached systems such as hot water production systems. All these standards are systems standards, i.e. they are based on requirements addressed to the system as awhole and not dealing with requirements to the products within the system.Where possible, reference is made to other European or International Standards, a.o. product standards.However, use of products complying with relevant product standards is no guarantee of compliance with thesystem requirements.The requirements are mainly expressed as functional requirements, i.e. requirements dealing with the functionof the system and not specifying shape, material, dimensions or the like.The guidelines describe ways to meet the requirements, but other ways to fulfil the functional requirementsmight be used if fulfilment can be proved.Heating systems differ among the member countries due to climate, traditions and national regulations. Insome cases requirements are given as classes so national or individual needs may be accommodated.In cases where the standards contradict with national regulations, the latter should be followed.

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