In fact the formula describes a parallel circuit of two capacitors C1 and C2, which may beinterpreted as the ideal or main capacitor C1 = εA/d and a parasitic capacitor C2 = (2d/D) * C1. In aDC-model the parasitic capacitor C2 is directly connected to main capacitor C1.If d = 11 nm and the D-value is 1 m
the relation 2d/D will be approximately 10
, which is arelatively high attenuation between parasitic and main component sections. C1 = 1 mF and C2 is ca.1 pF.The alternative Casimir Circuit Setup uses an antenna which is interpreted as a receiver to gather microwave radiation components from free space. Basically these might be “white noise” signals.Physically the antenna is to be implemented as the outside plates of the Casimir circuits,representing the parasite capacitor C2 (1pF) in the circuit setup. The values for the components C1and C2 have been calculated from the plate area A = 1 m
and the distance d = 1 nm.The filter X1 is a frequency band-filter, which selects the energy components to be admitted to thewaveguide cavity which has been designed to only allows access to these frequencies.
Waveguides and cavities
Boundary conditions: Near the surface of a conductor an electric field must be perpendicular to the conductor. For a varying magnetic field to exist, it must form closed loops in parallel with the conductorsand be perpendicular to the electric field.The widest
dimension of a waveguide determines the range of operating frequencies, and thenarrowest
dimension the waveguide's maximal power capability (limited by the breakdown potential of the dielectric, usually air).In theory the waveguide could function at an infinite number of frequencies higher than thedesigned frequency, but practically an
upper frequency limit
for which a modewill propagate in it. It is the frequency at which two quarter-wavelengths are longer than the widedimension of a waveguide and energy will no longer pass through the waveguide.At frequencies below the cutoff frequency, the waves may be reflected back and forth across theguide (setting up standing waves) and no energy will be conducted down the waveguide. In the endthe wave may be dissipated in the ohmic losses or partly be reflected to the input port.
Fig. 2: Alternative Casimir Circuit Setup