Once again: scoring and grooving should be performed without excep-tion before the part concerned has been cut out exactly.
Double-dot-dashed lines are outlines for parts to beglued to another. They should therefore neither be scored nor grooved. Thepart to be glued on is marked with a red number within this outline. Theselines are invisible in the finished model.This arrow symbol identifies lines along which a partshould be separated from another or along which a slitshould be made.This arrow symbol identifies lines along which a partshould be cut in to the next cross-section.Hatched areas denote that the surfaces concernedshould be cut out of the part. This should be performed
Additionally, thick cardboard for r einforcing purposes canusually be obtained in the required thickness from printers at no cost, sincesuitably sized cardboard leftovers are part of their waste. It does not matter if such leftovers are already printed. Reinforcing partsshould never be thicker than 0.5 – 0.7 mm.Well dried and cleanly cut out reinforcing parts can be assembled in two ways:1) After ensuring that the reinforcing part fits precisely, press it into the partfrom the end with the larger diameter until it comes to rest against the joining ring. Now press a »belt« of glue into the angle between part andreinforcing part from in front and from behind. It is of course possible toapply glue to the joint edges of the reinforcing part or the inner surface of the joining ring
inserting it.2) Some, in particular small cylindrical or oval parts without joining rings arealso provided with reinforcing parts. Again, it is necessary to check firstthat the reinforcing parts fit precisely. Now apply glue sparingly to the
of the side of the part that is to hold the reinforcing part. Thenpress in the reinforcing part from the outside until its surface makes con-tact with the outer edges of the part.Again, fast-drying glue should
be used for joining reinforcing parts.(The term »joining ring« is explained and defined in detail in the section on»Gluing».)Cardboard is an organic material and is manufactured in a highly complexprocess from cellulose fibers and a special paste. Cellulose fibers are obtain-ed from many sources but primarily from timber from Scandinavian forests.Cardboard capable of satisfying the exacting requirements of modern print-ing techniques and also those of the model maker is put through a very elab-orate refining process as well. In spite of the highly complex and technicalprocesses it is by no means an exaggeration to maintain that cardboard is a»living« material
and therefore sensitive to climatic influences.
When the ambient temperature and humidity change, cardboard expands or contracts. Usually the effects are negligible and need not be considered atall. This phenomenon is, however, magnified in reinforced parts on accountof the larger cardboard volume and the glue applied.This may cause reinforcing parts not to fit precisely in spite of very accuratecutting out. This situation can be remedied as follows: Once the glue hasdried, cut out reinforcing parts
After spreading out all the sheets, view the various parts with reference tothe instructions and ground plan to gain an impression of the general layoutof the model. This is important because you must always be thinking ahead.Perhaps you want to make one of the many variants of the model or evenperfect it by adding lighting, for example, or by making more than the stan-dard complement of moving parts: Inferior layouts to your own plans are of course also possible. Such modifications and additions make it necessary tolook ahead of the state of progress that has been reached. Every builder hasto know when the foundation stone is laid just what the roof is going to looklike so that he can build the chimney in the right place. For the same reasonyou must have a clear idea of the general layout of the model from the start.
Cut exactly along the center of the outline!
Whoever hacks away without precision out of impatience or overenthusiasmwill feel the consequences when he starts trying to put the various assemb-
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