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Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, Cato Legal Briefs

Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, Cato Legal Briefs

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Published by: Cato Institute on Jul 31, 2009
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10/10/2013

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No. 08-205
 I
N
T
HE
 
Supreme Court of the United States
C
ITIZENS
U
NITED
,
 Appellant
,v.
F
EDERAL
E
LECTION
C
OMMISSION
,
 
 Appellee
.
 
On Appeal from the United StatesDistrict Court for the District of ColumbiaSUPPLEMENTAL BRIEF FOR AMICUSCURIAE CATO INSTITUTE IN SUPPORT OF APPELLANT
I
LYA 
S
HAPIRO
 C
 ATO
I
NSTITUTE
 1000 Massachusetts Avenue,N.W.Washington, DC 20001(202) 218-4600B
ENJAMIN
D.
 
W
OOD
 
Counsel of Record
 G
LENN
M.
 
W
ILLARD
W
ILLIAM
J.
 
M
C
G
INLEY 
 
 ATHRYN
E.
 
B
IBER
 J
OHN
C.
 
H
ILTON
 J
 ARED
M.
 
F
LEISHER
 P
 ATTON
B
OGGS
LLP2550 M Street, N.W.Washington, DC 20037(202) 457-6000
Counsel for Amicus Curiae
 
i
TABLE OF CONTENTSPage
TABLE OF AUTHORITIES......................................iiINTEREST OF THE AMICUS CURIAE...................1SUMMARY OF THE ARGUMENT............................2 ARGUMENT...............................................................3I.
Stare decisis
means following the law, notmechanically preserving every precedent orperpetuating erroneous decisions...................3 A.
Stare decisis
under the common law.........4B. The policy of 
stare decisis
is at its nadirin this case..................................................6II. Overturning
 Austin
and
McConnell
isconsistent with
stare decisis
...........................8 A.
 Austin
and
McConnell
were wronglydecided and unfaithful to the First Amendment principles correctly statedin
 Buckley
...................................................8B. All other
stare decisis
factors—reliance,antiquity, and workability—supportoverruling
 Austin
and
McConnell
............16CONCLUSION..........................................................21
 
 
ii
TABLE OF AUTHORITIESPage(s)C
 ASES
 
 
 Agostini v. Felton
,521 U.S. 203 (1997)............................................6, 7
 Austin v. Mich. Chamber of Comm.
,
 
494 U.S. 652 (1990)......................................passim
 Buckley v. Valeo
,
 
424 U.S. 1 (1976)..........................................passim
Cohen v. California
,403 U.S. 15 (1971)..................................................9
 Davis v. FEC 
,128 S. Ct. 2759 (2008)..........................................11
FEC v. Nat’l Conservative PAC 
,470 U.S. 480 (1985)..............................................10
FEC v. Wisc. Right to Life, Inc.
,127 S. Ct. 2652 (2007)..................................6, 7, 17
First Nat’l Bank v. Bellotti
,435 U.S. 765 (1978)................................................9
Harper v. Va. Dep’t of Taxation
,509 U.S. 86...........................................................17
James B. Beam Distilling Co. v. Georgia
,501 U.S. 529 (1991)................................................3
Lawrence v. Texas
,539 U.S. 558 (2003)..............................................17
Marbury v. Madison
,5 U.S. 137 (1803)....................................................3

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