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Pisa_in_focus_imigrantii_si_educatia

Pisa_in_focus_imigrantii_si_educatia

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pisa-in-focus-n33-(eng)-FINAL.pdf
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PISA IN FOCUS
2013/10 (October) – © OECD 2013
PISA
What do immigrant students tell usabout the quality of education systems?
 
in Focus
33
education
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immgrat ha rred ever e peple have bee drve t eek a better le a deret plae –  ther wrd, e the begg  hma htry. Whlew  mmgrat are ally the relt  – ad etve t – emr pltal rmtae, tat thrght thee mvemet  the dere– the eed – r mmgrat t tegrate well t ther ew tre, at leattemprarly. Edat ytem play a rtal rle  the pre  tegrat,prvdg pprtte t mmgrat ad ther hldre t aqre the klleeded r them t j the labr market.PisA 2009 ght t determe the extet t whhhl ytem eed  addreg the eed  dvere tdet pplat. Betwee 2000 ad 2009,ar oEcD tre the prprt  15-year-ldwth a mmgrat bakgrd reaed rm 8% t 10%. i 13 tre,the prprt  tdet wth a mmgrat bakgrd reaed by mretha 2 peretage pt,  that thee tdet w ttte mre tha5%  the tdet pplat. i irelad, Lehtete, new Zealad, theRa Federat, spa ad the uted state, the prprt  mmgrattdet reaed by fve peretage pt r mre, ad thee tdet wrepreet rm 8% t 30%  thee tre’ tdet pplat. i caada,Greee ad italy, the prprt  mmgrat tdet reaed by three t fveperetage pt drg the perd.
•
Immigrant students who share a common country of origin, and therefore manycultural similarities, perform very differently across school systems.
•
The difference in performance between immigrant students and non-immigrantstudents of similar socio-economic status is smaller in school systems withlarge immigrant populations and where immigrant students are as diverse insocio-economic status as other students.
With increasing inflowsof immigrants…
 
PISA
in Focus
PISA IN FOCUS
2013/10 (otber) – © oEcD 2013
…comes greater diversity in backgrounds– and in education outcomes.
irmat abt mmgrat tdet’ try  brth ad that  ther paret, lleted by mePisA-partpatg tre, allw r deeperght t thee tdet’ perrmae ad theextet t whh ht tre are meetg therpartlar eed. Relt rm thee tre hwthat mmgrat tdet  mlar -emtat wh me rm the ame try perrmvery deretly ar hl ytem. Fr example,mmgrat tdet rm the Ra Federatlvg  Flad, Germay ad irael perrmard the oEcD average  readg whle the the czeh Repbl re abt 30 ptbelw the oEcD average – the eqvalet  a llyear  hl – ad the  Greee re mretha 50 pt belw average. smlarly, mmgrattdet rm the Frmer Yglava lvg Demark re abt 40 pt belwthe oEcD average whle the  Lxembrgre mre tha 80 pt belw average. immgrattdet rm Trkey lvg  the netherladre 45 pt belw the oEcD average, the Belgm, Demark, Germay ad swtzerladre betwee 70 ad 80 pt belw average,ad Trkh tdet  Atra re 115 ptbelw the oEcD average.
nte: The average perrmae by mmgrat grp adjt r deree  -em tat. it rrepd t the predted readg perrmae  tdetrm the ame try  rg bt wh mgrated t deret detat tre  they all had hared the ame -em tat  the average tdet whmgrated rm that try  rg.sre: oEcD 2009 PisA Dataet,
PISA 2009 Results: Overcoming Social Background: Equity in Learning Opportunities and Outcomes
, Vlme ii,oEcD Pblhg, Table ii.4.5.
1
2
Different destinations, different outcomes
375 395 415 435 455 475 495 515 535 555
Mean PISA reading score, by country of origin
Countryof destination
 
RussianFederationFormerYugoslaviaTurkeyGermanyFranceItalyUnitedKingdom
Countryof origin
GreeceCzech RepublicGermanyFinlandIsraelLuxembourgAustriaGermanySwitzerlandDenmarkAustriaBelgiumDenmarkGermanySwitzerlandNetherlandsAustriaLuxembourgBelgiumTurkeyNetherlandsSwitzerlandIsraelLuxembourgBelgiumSwitzerlandLuxembourgCroatiaGermanySwitzerlandLuxembourgIrelandAustraliaNew Zealand
 
PISA
in Focus
PISA IN FOCUS
2013/10 (otber) – © oEcD 2013
 
The ame patter berved amg tdetrm oEcD tre whhave mmgrated t ther tre.Fr example,  average, Germa tdet  Atraad Lxembrg perrm at leat 10 re ptbelw the oEcD average, whle the  thenetherlad ad swtzerlad re mre tha30 pt abve average. o average, Freh tdetgg t hl  Belgm, irael ad Lxembrgperrm ard the oEcD average, whle the swtzerlad re 35 pt abve average. italatdet  crata, Germay ad swtzerladperrm betwee 20 ad 26 re pt belwthe oEcD average, whle the  Lxembrgre early 55 pt belw average. stdet rmthe uted Kgdm  new Zealad re 64 ptabve the oEcD average whle the  Atralare 31 pt abve average. They perrm lert the oEcD average  irelad (24 re pt) adLxembrg (17 re pt).The wde perrmae deree betwee tdetwth mlar -em tat ad a mmrg gget that hl ad edat ply the ht tre ee thee tdet’perrmae. Whle mmgrat ple, mlartebetwee the mmgrat’ ad the ht ltre, adther al ple al expla me  theederee  perrmae, me edat ytemappear t be able t altate the tegrat  mmgrat tdet better tha ther.
nte: The “relatve -em dverty” datr wa allated a the rat  the tadard devat  the
PISA index of economic, social and cultural status
amg mmgrat tdet t the tadard devat  the
PISA index of economic, social and cultural status
amg tdet wtht a mmgrat bakgrd.sre: oEcD (2012),
Untapped Skills: Realising the Potential of Immigrant Students
, oEcD Pblhg,Table 1.3 ad 2.1a.
Score-pointdifferenceScore-pointdifference
AustraliaAustriaBelgiumCanadaCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIcelandIrelandIsraelItalyLuxembourgMexicoNetherlandsNew ZealandNorwayPortugalSloveniaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandUnited KingdomUnited States
OECD average
AustraliaAustriaBelgiumCanadaCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIcelandIrelandIsraelItalyMexicoNetherlandsNew ZealandNorwayPortugalSloveniaSpainSwitzerlandUnited KingdomUnited States
OECD average
SwedenLuxembourg
-20020406080-200204060800.75 0.85 0.95 1.05 1.15 1.25 1.35 1.45 1.55 %0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45
Proportion of immigrant students in total student populationRelative socio-economic diversity among immigrant students
Where diversity does not mean disadvantage
   P  e  r   f  o  r  m  a  n  c  e   d   i  s  a   d  v  a  n   t  a  g  e  o   f   i  m  m   i  g  r  a  n   t  s   t  u   d  e  n   t  s  a   f   t  e  r  a   d   j  u  s   t   i  n  g   f  o  r  s  o  c   i  o -  e  c  o  n  o  m   i  c  s   t  a   t  u  s
High relative diversityLow relative diversity

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