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Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms' Letter to AUPSC

Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms' Letter to AUPSC

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Published by AbyeiReferendum2013
October 26, 2013
October 26, 2013

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10/28/2013

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Abyei
Nine Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms’ 
Letter to African Union (AU)
26
th
October, 2013
Page
1
of 
4
 
THE NINE NGOK DINKA CHIEFDOMS OF ABYEI AREA
TO: All Members of the African Union Peace & Security Council (AU-PSC)Sub: Conduct of Abyei Referendum in October, 2013 as Per AUHIP Proposal
 
October 26
th
, 2013Your Excellencies,
We, the Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms of Abyei area would like to register our sincereappreciations and thankfulness to the African Union High Level ImplementationPanel (AUHIP) on two Sudans and its members; namely the former Presidents ThaboMbeki, Abdulsalami Abubakar and Pierre Buyoya for their commendable efforts inproducing the Proposal on Final Status of Abyei area which the AUPSC adopted atits 339
th
meeting held on 24
th
October, 2012 as a fair, equitable and workablesolution to the dispute between the two countries. Similarly, we thank the entire AUfor their ceaseless engagement with the two countries in order to find durable andpeacefully-negotiated solutions for all outstanding post-secession issues betweenSudan and South Sudan. As we appreciate UNISFA for their robust engagement tomaintain security and order in Abyei area, we also commend the efforts of UNagencies and INGOs in provision of basic services to impoverished returnees andIDPs in Abyei area since 2011 crisis.The right of self-determination for the people of Abyei was affirmed in Addis AbabaAgreement of 1972 between government of Sudan and the then Southern SudanLiberation Movement (SSLM) . This right of self-determination was dishonoured whengovernment of Sudan obstructed the conduct of Abyei referendum in late 1970sand declared Sharia Laws in Sudan which ignited full-scale war between North andSouth Sudan.Again, in Asmara, Eritrea 1995, the right of self-determination for the Ngok Dinkapeople was affirmed by National Democratic Alliance (NDA) in the conferencewhich brought together all Sudanese opposition parties and movements includingthe SPLA/M. Furthermore, the Khartoum Peace Agreement (KPA) of April 1997between government of Sudan and defected factions of SPLA/M also confirmedthe right of self-determination for the Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms. Lastly, the 2005Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between Government of Sudan and theSu
dan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPL
M/A).The verdict of the Hague Permanent Court of Arbitration defined the area of theNgok Dinka chiefdoms where their right of self-determination through referendumthat should have been conducted simultaneously with that of South Sudan inJanuary, 2011. But excruciatingly enough, the government of Sudan once againdenied the Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms of their right for self-determination and razed toashes the whole Abyei town and hundreds of villages to mark the seconddestruction of the area during the relative peace after the conclusion of the CPA.
 
Abyei
Nine Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms’ 
Letter to African Union (AU)
26
th
October, 2013
Page
2
of 
4
 
Esteemed members of AUPSC,
 The Abyei area has always been in turmoil for over 58 years since the first insurgencein 1955 in South Sudan all through to this moment. Staying in relative peace hasbeen an elusive attempt in Abyei but t
he AUHIP’s Proposal of Sep 21
st
, 2012 came assalvation accord which restored hopes among the overwhelmingly oppressed Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms whose referendum was repeatedly cancelled over the past four decades. But, so shockingly, it is more than a year now and AUPSC is still unable to
live up to its commitment to endorse the AUHIP’s Proposal on Abyei as final and
binding solution in order to resolve the final status of Abyei area.The people of Abyei area have greatly remained silent and shown remarkablepatience to the whole world and the African continent in particular, just to maintainpeace between South Sudan and Sudan and give more chances for peacefulresolution of the standoff over Abyei. However, it is evident that there is no little lightof hope in the end of Africa
n Union’s (AU) tunnel to find
very soon lasting solution for Abyei issue. The AUPSC has convened more than seven meetings and summits onAbyei and facilitated more than ten rounds of negotiations between Sudan andSouth Sudan to resolve Abyei conflict. Yet, Sudan government remains adamant todefying all agreements and resolutions concerning the conduct of Abyeireferendum in October 2013.The Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms of Abyei area have walked all the roads, knocked at allthe doors and accepted very dear concessions for the sake of peace, nonetheless,Sudan government continued to lay mountains of obstacles in the course of peaceonly to maintain the status quo in Abyei area to subject innocent civilians toexcessive suffering and to loot the Abyei oil.
Dear AUPSC Members
,Your persistent calls without immediate actions in all previous communiqués to refer the final resolution to Abyei conflict to the two Presidents of Sudan and South Sudandepict a major setback to implementation of your September 21
st
, 2012 Proposal onFinal Status of Abyei due to the fact that the Abyei issue was referred to the AfricanUnion (AU) because of the failure of the same two Presidents to find lasting solutionto the Abyei impasse in the past eight and half years.Deplorably, the AUPSC has even conspicuously backtracked on its moral andpolitical obligations in the communiqué of its
339
th
meeting dated October 24
th
, 2012which pledged that
“Council
decides that
, in the event that the Parties fail to reachagreement on the Final Status of the Abyei Area within the six-week periodmentioned above, Council will endorse the 21
st
September 2012 Proposal as finaland binding, and would seek the endorsement by the UN Security Council of the
same”
.To date the AUPSC neither endorsed the Proposal nor had it referred to the UNSecurity Council for further action. The unnecessary delay to act and reneging of theAUPSC to endorse its own Proposal on Abyei has warranted government of Sudan toabrogate the conduct of Abyei referendum in October, 2013 and this has made thesituation into power keg that could spark pervasive renewal of fighting at any time inAbyei area.
Dear AUPSC members,
Our hopes have seriously dwindled, our patience has wholly depleted and our suffering in displacement especially among women, children and elderly people is
 
Abyei
Nine Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms’ 
Letter to African Union (AU)
26
th
October, 2013
Page
3
of 
4
 
increasingly shocking. The civilians who have returned to their villages of origin areeven under imminent threats of renewed tension due to the presence of SudanArmed Forces (SAF) in the area. In understanding the status quo, it is imperative tonote that the Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms will not bear any delaying tactics andpersuasions to postpone the referendum on self-determination during this month ofOctober because any attempt in that direction will certainly explode the alreadyfragile situation in Abyei area.The AUPSC should conscientiously take
note of South Sudan’s President recent letter 
 addressed to the AU, dated October 8
th
, 2013 in which H.E President Salvamentioned that
“He does see himself and President Al
-Bashiir agreeing very soon onAbyei and thus requested the AUPSC to take urgent actions by forming Abyeireferendum commission and to ask both countries to send in their nominees
respectively”
As usual the joint AUPSC and UNSC consultative meeting in October 8
th
 
 – 
10
th
, 2013 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia did not bear any tangible results on Abyei issuewith exception of the routine calls that always fall on deaf ears of Sudangovernment.
Excellencies, members of AUPSC,
The Presidential summit between Salva Kiir and Al-Bashiir in October 22
nd
, 2013 inJuba came without concrete results on when the Abyei referendum shall beconducted and it is clearly evident that they will never reach an agreement soon onthe final status of Abyei area. Also the inaction of the African Union on
AUHIP’s
Proposal on Abyei in addition to
perpetual reneging of Khartoum’s regime on Abyei
referendum will not pass as normal business. But the will of the Ngok DinkaChiefdoms shall prevail over, as the community referendum is on-going. We arecertain that no any void call and advice will convince us once again to postponethe referendum. We believe that the results of the popular referendum shall reflectthe genuine will of the people of Abyei and shall preciously help the two countries toresolve the Abyei issue permanently.Finally, we strongly condemn lack of political will from government of Sudan toresolve Abyei issue as manifested in preventing AUPSC delegation visit to Abyei.Therefore, we the Nine Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms of Abyei area and all Civil SocietyOrganisations after the failure of AUPSC to determine the date for Abyei referendumwould like to reiterate strongly our positions as follows:1.
 
The community referendum on self-determination to determine the final statusof Abyei area is currently being organised and shall finish by end of thisOctober, 2013. In the event that the community referendum determinesAbyei as part of either country, the results shall be endorsed in respectiveLegislative Assemblies and used as basis and reference for resolution of thefinal status of Abyei area.2.
 
The Ngok Dinka Chiefdoms shall only stop from considering the results of their community referendum as not final if only the AUPSC could immediately formAbyei referendum commission and come up with realistic timeframe anddetailed schedules on when the referendum should be conducted beforeend of December 2013.

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