The Design Process:
During Max Ernst's 84 years of life, the two most defining events that had influenced his life and works were definitely the War World I and World War II.In the earlier 1910's and before the WWI, he had already possessed the frustration about social norm and convention that shackled human's freedom.The thought of demoralization became his key concept in creations. When he went through the WWI, the frustration of the civilization escalated, heembraced surrealism and denounced, mocked the society with series of dramatic, violent and eerily terrifying images. That persisted through the waryears and even made him created his alter egos in painting, Lolpops, birds of prey having the dichotomy of evilness and benevolence. After WWII, thewars still haunted Max Ernst and the images of imaginary aftermath of the war were created. Not until his later years, he was emancipated from thehaunting of the war.For the timeline design, I focused on Max Ernst's persisting repression and ordeal creating by the wars. I structured 15 of his works into three parts:"Subversion of Social Norm" (Prewar to WWI ends); "Repression Between Wars" (WWI ends to WWII ends); "Haunting and Emancipation of Wars "(WWII ends till his last work). Each category contains 5 of his works and connects images with surrealism-inspired abstract organic forms. I use theexpansion and the subtraction of the abstract organic forms to represent the extent of the influence of the wars. (The period between 1922 - 1945 is mostinfluenced by war years.) As Max Ernst described himself as the "Bird Man" and use a lot of symbolic bird figures in his work, I incorporated his alteregos into the design. His self-portrait on the left is incorporated with a Lolpop image. And I also shaped the abstract organic forms of "RepressionBetween Wars", which is the period the with most aggressive Lolpop images, into an evil bird creature shape.
I use "OCR A Std" as the typeface form my design. The typeface has a sort of irregular cubic forms, which I think resonates well with the irregularityforms and shapes of Dadaism and Surrealism.
"Max Earnest: Dream and Revolution" by Werner Spies, et al. 2009"Max Earnest: Life and Work" by Werner Spies 2006"Ernest" by José María Faerna 1997"Max Ernst" Conceived by Jean Sauce 1972