Methodology and Consultation Process
The Report of the State of Israel was prepared in line with guidelines set out inResolution 16/21 (A/HRC/RES/16/21) and its Annex, and Decision 17/119(A/HRC/DEC/17/119) of the UN Human Rights Council. The report is based on theresults of consultations between a wide range of government ministries and agencies.
Normative and Institutional Developments
i. International Instruments
Further to Recommendation 2 (Mexico, Romania)
, on 28 September 2012 Israelratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) markingthe successful end of a lengthy process of internal discussions.
The ratification signifies another milestone in the promotion of disability rights agenda inIsrael throughout the last decade, which started with the Israeli
Equal Rights for Personswith Disabilities Law
and continued with the establishment of theCommission for Equal Rights of Persons with Disabilities in August, 2000.
In order to enforce and enhance accessibility compliance, an Inspection Department wasestablished in 2008 under the auspices of the Commission for Equal Rights of Personswith Disabilities. This department currently employs nine inspectors, acting mainly in thefields of public transportation, telecommunication and planning and building. TheCommission also employs four attorneys in its legal department and a fifth attorney whohandles accessibility queries.
Since the submission of Israel's 2008 UPR national report, Israel has enacted anadditional 9 sets of regulations mandating accessibility to all existing and new public buildings and services. Another set of regulations mandating accessibility to other public places such as beaches, parks, zoos and graveyards was finalized in Sept. 2013. Largelydue to the enforcement efforts of the Commission and the courts, significantachievements may be noted:a.
70% of municipal buses in Israel are now accessible to people with sight, hearing,cognitive and mobility disabilities. This accessibility includes vocal announcementof bus stops, ramps, accessible signage, and wheelchair fastening belts. b.
60% of municipal bus stops, train stations and airports countrywide are accessible to persons with mobility disabilities.c.
The Commission has informed all planning and building committees in Israel abouttheir duties under the accessibility laws and regulations. Sample inspections haveshown that, currently the committees have complied with the accessibility laws inabout half of the cases.d.
All major cell phone and telecommunications companies now offer disability-accessible phones, as well as telecommunications relay services for persons withhearing disabilities.e.
National Insurance Law (Amendment no. 109) 5768-2008
enables persons withdisabilities to earn a monthly salary relative to their level of disability, withouthaving to forgo their disability benefit, thus creating a powerful incentive to reenter the work force.