4. No matter how far you stand from a spherical mirror, your image appears erect. The mirror may be ...........(a) Plane (b) concave (c)
(d) either plane or convex
5. In case of a concave mirror, an erect image is ..................... .(a) real and enlarged (b) real and diminished (c) virtual and diminished (d)
2. Attempt the following. (10 Marks)
Atomic size increases down the group.
i. The atomic numbers of the elements increase as we go down the group. Thus, theelements placed lower have more electrons.
ii. To accommodate these electrons new shells are added to the atom.
iii. These new shells take the outermost electrons farther from the nucleus causing atomicsize (radius) to increase as we go down the group.
What is the importance of a chemical equation?
Ans. A chemical equation can convey the following information.
i. Reactants and products involved in the reaction.
ii. Symbols and formulae of all substances involved in the reaction.
iii. Relative number of reactants and product participating in the reaction.
iv. Relative masses of reactants and products.
v. Physical states of reactants and products.
Write short notes on Indicators (with proper example).
Ans. The acidic and basic nature of the compounds can also be indicated by some natural as wellas chemical substances. They are known as indicators.
i. There are many natural substances such as rose petals, turmeric, beet root, etc that can be used as indicators. They are called natural indicators.
ii. Some chemical substances such as phenolphthalein, methyl orange, eosin are syntheticindicators.
iii. Olfactory indicators: Substances whose odour changes in acidic or basic solution arecalled olfactory indicator. An olfactory indicator works on the principle that when an acid or base is added to it, then its odour cannot be detected. Examples: onion and clove extract.
iv. Universal indicators: Universal indicator is a mixture of several indicators which givesdifferent colours at different pH values of the pH scale.