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Understanding the Uniqueness of the Qur'an - Ayatullah Murtada Mutahhari - XKP

Understanding the Uniqueness of the Qur'an - Ayatullah Murtada Mutahhari - XKP

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Published by islamicmobility
Translated from the Persian by Mahliqa Qara'i

Vol I No. 1-3 (Muharram - Rajab 1404 AH)

Tawhid Journal - al-islam.org

The study and knowledge of the Qur'an is essential for every learned person as well as for all faithful believers. It is specially essential for those scholars who are interested in the study of man and society, since this book has been effectively instrumental not only in moulding the destinies of Islamic societies, but also in shaping the destiny of the human race as a whole. A brief glance over history would be enough to provide sufficient proof of the claim that there has been no such book that has ever influenced human societies to the magnitude of the Qur'an. It is for the same reason that the Qur'an automatically steps into the precincts of sociological discussions, and becomes the elemental constituent of the subjects of research in this discipline. This means that any deep study and profound research in the field of world history of the last fourteen hundred years, is impossible without the knowledge of the Qur'an.

ISLAMICMOBILITY.COM
Translated from the Persian by Mahliqa Qara'i

Vol I No. 1-3 (Muharram - Rajab 1404 AH)

Tawhid Journal - al-islam.org

The study and knowledge of the Qur'an is essential for every learned person as well as for all faithful believers. It is specially essential for those scholars who are interested in the study of man and society, since this book has been effectively instrumental not only in moulding the destinies of Islamic societies, but also in shaping the destiny of the human race as a whole. A brief glance over history would be enough to provide sufficient proof of the claim that there has been no such book that has ever influenced human societies to the magnitude of the Qur'an. It is for the same reason that the Qur'an automatically steps into the precincts of sociological discussions, and becomes the elemental constituent of the subjects of research in this discipline. This means that any deep study and profound research in the field of world history of the last fourteen hundred years, is impossible without the knowledge of the Qur'an.

ISLAMICMOBILITY.COM

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Chapter 
1
Understanding the Uniqueness of the Qur'an
The study and knowledge of the Qur'an is essential for every learnedperson as well as for all faithful believers. It is specially essential forthose scholars who are interested in the study of man and society, sincethis book has been effectively instrumental not only in moulding the des-tinies of Islamic societies, but also in shaping the destiny of the humanrace as a whole. A brief glance over history would be enough to providesufficient proof of the claim that there has been no such book that hasever influenced human societies to the magnitude of the Qur'an. It is forthe same reason that the Qur'an automatically steps into the precincts of sociological discussions, and becomes the elemental constituent of thesubjects of research in this discipline. This means that any deep studyand profound research in the field of world history of the last fourteenhundred years, is impossible without the knowledge of the Qur'an.The study of the Qur'an is essential for every committed Muslim, sinceit is the main source and foundation of the religious thought and faith.Whatsoever gives meaning, essence and sanctity to his existence lies inthe Holy Qur'an.The Qur'an is not just like other religious books which are content todiscuss the problems of existence of God and creation in cryptic tones, orlike those which merely convey a series of simple moral advice andcounsels, so that those who believe in them are hopelessly left to searchfor guidance in other sources. Unlike such books the Qur'an formulatesthe tenets of faith besides communicating the ideas and views that areessential for a man of faith and belief. Similarly, it also lays down theprinciples of moral and ethical values for the purpose of social and fa-milial existence. It leaves the job of explanation, interpretation, and occa-sionally that of 
ijtihad
and application of principles (usul) to secondary
 2
 
matters (furu') to be dealt with through
ijtihad
and
sunnah.
Accordingly,utilization of any other source depends on the prior knowledge of theQur'an. The Qur'an is the criterion and standard for judging all othersources. We should judge hadith and sunnah in the light of the Qur'an.We can accept it only when it is in accordance with the Qur'an, otherwisewe do not accept it.There are four more books that come after the Qur'an, and are re-garded as the most sacred and the most authentic sources (by the Shi'ahMuslims). They are: Al-Kafi, Man la yahduruhu al-faqih, Tahdhib, andIstibsar. There are also other sources like the Nahj al-Balaghah, and theprayers of al-Sahifah al-Sajjadiyyah. All these books are secondary to theQur'an, and their authenticity of source is not so absolute as that of theQur'an. A hadith from al-Kafi is as trustworthy as it may be in conform-ity with the Qur'an, and reliable so far as its words comply with theteachings of the Qur'an and do not go against it. The Prophet (S) and theinfallible Imams have said that their traditions should be checked in thelight of the Qur'an; if they do not coincide with the words of the Qur'an,they should be regarded as false and fake, and as being wrongfully at-tributed to them; since they have not said anything that can go againstthe Qur'anic teachings.
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