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anatomy presentation ho 4(Joints)

anatomy presentation ho 4(Joints)

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Published by habtamu

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Published by: habtamu on Aug 01, 2009
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05/11/2014

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Formed where a bone joins another Formed where a bone joins another bone, or where a cartilage joins a bonebone, or where a cartilage joins a bone
The closer the fit, the stronger the joint,The closer the fit, the stronger the joint,the more restricted the movementthe more restricted the movement
The looser the fit, the weaker the joint,The looser the fit, the weaker the joint,the greater degree of movement, thethe greater degree of movement, thegreater the chance of dislocationgreater the chance of dislocation
 
Classification of Classification of Joints!Joints!
3 types of joints if we classify by function3 types of joints if we classify by function(i.e., by the degree of movement(i.e., by the degree of movementpossible):possible):
DiarthrosesDiarthroses 
Freely moveable jointsFreely moveable joints
Shoulder, knee, hip, elbow, interphalangeal, tarsal,Shoulder, knee, hip, elbow, interphalangeal, tarsal,and carpal jointsand carpal joints
AmphiarthrosesAmphiarthroses 
Slightly moveable jointsSlightly moveable joints
Intervertebral discs, costosternal joints, pubicIntervertebral discs, costosternal joints, pubicsymphysissymphysis
SynarthrosesSynarthroses 
Joints with little or no movementJoints with little or no movement
Skull sutures, mental symphysis, teeth in sockets,Skull sutures, mental symphysis, teeth in sockets,11
stst
costosternal joint.costosternal joint.
 
Joint ClassificationJoint Classification
We can also classifyWe can also classify joints by structure: joints by structure:
Synovial jointsSynovial joints::
Bones separated byBones separated bya joint cavity;a joint cavity;lubricated bylubricated bysynovial fluid;synovial fluid;enclosed in a fibrousenclosed in a fibrous joint capsule. joint capsule.
Shoulder, hip,Shoulder, hip,elbow, knee, carpal,elbow, knee, carpal,interphalangealinterphalangeal
How would we classify these joints functionally?

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