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Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore

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Rabindranath Tagore
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Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore in Kolkata, c. 1915
Born
7 May 1861Calcutta
Died
7 August 1941 (aged 80)Calcutta
 poet, playwright, philosopher, composer,artist
Writing period
(1913)Influenced
Signature
Rabindranath Tagore
 রবীনাথ ঠাকু র 
,
 
 pronounced 
 
)
; 
) (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941)
as per Bengali Calendar,(
২৫ে ৈবাখ 
,
১২৬৮
-
২২ে শাবণ 
,
১৩৪৮ বঙা 
), also known by thesobriquet 
,
was aBengali  polymath. He was a poet, visual artist, playwright, novelist, educator, social reformer, nationalist, business-manager and composer whose works reshapedBengaliliterature andmusic in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He became Asia's first  Nobel laureate
 when he won the 1913 Nobel Prize in Literature.
 
 fromCalcutta,Bengal, Tagore first wrote poemsat the age of  eight. At the age of sixteen, he published his first substantial poetry under the pseudonym
 Bhanushingho
("Sun Lion") and wrote his first short stories and dramas in 1877. In later life Tagore protested strongly against theBritish Raj and gave his support to theIndian Independence Movement. Tagore's life work endures, in the form of his poetry and theinstitution he founded,Visva-Bharati University.Tagore wrote novels, short stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays on political and personal topics.
(
Song Offerings
),
Gora
(
 Fair-Faced 
), and
 (
The Home and the World 
) are among his best-known works. His verse, short stories, andnovels, which often exhibited rhythmic lyricism, colloquial language, meditativenaturalism, and philosophical contemplation, received worldwide acclaim. Tagore wasalso a cultural reformer who modernised Bengali art by rejecting strictures binding it toclassical Indian forms. Two songs from his canon are now the national anthems of Bangladeshand India: the
and the
respectively.
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[edit] Early life (1861–1901)
 
Tagore in 1879, when he was studying in England.Tagore (nicknamed "Rabi") was born the youngest of thirteen surviving children in theJorasanko mansionin Calcutta (now Kolkata, India) of parentsDebendranath Tagore  (1817-1905) and Sarada Devi(1830-1875).
 TheTagore familywere theBrahmo  founding fathers of theAdi Dharmfaith. After undergoing his
at age eleven,Tagore and his father left Calcutta on 14 February 1873 to tour India for several months,visiting his father'sSantiniketanestate and Amritsar before reaching theHimalayan hill stationof Dalhousie. There, Tagore read biographies, studied history, astronomy, modern science, andSanskrit, and examined the classical poetry of 
.
In 1877, herose to notability when he composed several works, including a long poem set in theMaithilistyle pioneered by Vidyapati.As a joke, he maintained that these were the lost works of 
Bhānusiṃha
, a newly discovered 17th-century
poet.
 He alsowrote "Bhikharini" (1877; "The Beggar Woman"—the Bengali language's first shortstory)
and
Sandhya Sangit 
(1882) —including the famous poem "Nirjharer Swapnabhanga" ("The Rousing of the Waterfall").Tagore and his wife Mrinalini Devi in 1883.Seeking to become a barrister , Tagore enrolled at a public school in Brighton, England in 1878. He studied law atUniversity College London, but returned to Bengal in 1880

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