Inspection of Fauts in Textie Web Materias usingWaveets and ANFIS
B Venktesn uSRgthy PVidhylkshmi BVinoth
Department of Eleconics and Instrumentation Engineering Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode-638
Abtact:Quliy is he whword of ny ype of usiness. produ wihou quliy leds o loss nd lk of usomersisfion. This is rue in se of exile indusries lso. Texilemnufuring is proess of onvering vrious ypes of ersino yrn, whih in urn woven ino fri. Weving proess isused o produe he fri or loh y inerling wo disin seof yrn hreds nmely wrp nd wef yrn. In exile indusries,quliy inspeion is one of he mjor prolems for frimnufurers. presen, he ful deeion is done mnullyer produion of suien moun of fri. The frioined from he produion mhine re hed ino lrgerrolls nd sujeed o he inspeion frme. The nure of hework is very dull nd repeiive. Due o mnul inspeion of hemnufured fri, here is possiiliy of humn errors wihhigh inspeion ime, hene i is uneonomil. This pperproposed PC-sed inspeion sysem wih enes of low osnd high deeion re. Boh norml nd fuly imges reproessed nd feures re exred y using Gry Level Coourrene Mrix (GLCM) nd lssiion is done usingdpive Neuro Fuzzy Inferene Sysem (NFIS). Proposedsheme performs
eer hn he exising miroonrollersed lssiion sysem.
NFIS; Texile Defe Deeion; GLCM; WveleTrnsform.
.INTRODUCTONThe ndian textile industry has a major impact on theworld economy trough millenniums. At present, all thetextile industries aim to produce good quality fabrics withhigh production rate. n the textile sector, there are huge lossesdue to faulty fabrics.The fabric is obtained by interweaving of wap and we y. The raw material for the garment industryis available in the form of continuous rolls. Nearly, 85% of thedefects in the gment industry are due to the faults found inthe fabrics. These faults are obtained in the fabrics due toirregular weaving of warp d we ya in the weavingprocess. Hence fabric inspection is utmost important formaintaining its quality.Most defects in cloth occur while it iswoven on the loom. Some of these fabric defects are visible,while others re not. Again some fabric defects may be
IEEEidentied during weaving and some aer weaving. Themual inspection of fabric material is not economical.Hence,the investment in automated fabric defect detection is moreeconomic when reduction in labor cost and other benets areconsidered.The various fault detection approaches for textile webmaterial is given in [1 ].An automated defect detection andclassication system enhances the product quality and resultsin increased productivity . mproved gabor lters for textiledetection results in less computational complexity as well aspossibility of online implementation. Auto-correlation is usedas a robust algorithm for patteed and un-patteed fabricdetect detections . n the fabric fault detectionmethodology, wavelet transform with multiresolution level 3gives better results than the other traditional methods likeFourier Transform and Sobel Algorithm of edge detection.Multi Resolution Combined Statistical and SpatialFrequency (MRCSF) methodology is the combination of rstorder and second order statical properties combined withspatial equency of multiresolution analysis. This methodsucceeded in classiing the fabric with repeated pattes asdefective or non-defective based on the MRCSF .Comparing with the traditional equency ltering techniquessuch as ideal, butterworth, exponential and trapezoid low andhigh lters, the multi-scale analysis ability of Wavelettransform performs much better, All the classiers requiretraining om the known classes of fabric defects. A largenumber of classes with large intra-class diversity remainasmajor problem in using Feed-forward Neural Network (FFN)nd Support Vector Machines (SVM) based inspectiontechniques 
.On detail review of the above literatures, an idea aboutfabric inspection method is proposed. The rest of the paper isorganized as follows. The proposed methodology with itsblock diagram is given in section . Section discuss aboutthe wavelet transform. GLCM formulation and tureextraction is presented in section V. Results and