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the judicial system. All the details arrive at the computer terminal of the election officer within few minutesautomatically by the act of e-governance softwareagents which crawls across the various state and central government web services directories through the network and collects the information automatically an d presents the facts in real-time with out any bias
”However the vision of Dr. Kalam appears to be a distantdream with each citizen still required to carry multiple idslike the ration card, BPL card , election card, studentid, employment id, pan card, health card and many more,
. Each state has different methods, procedures of recordmanagement different format to the extent that no other statecan read the records generated by one state lest alone aninternational agency
Good Governance is characterized by the following few parameters:1.
Rule of Law
: It is the based on premise that no oneis above law and law will be equal to all.2.
Protection of Human Rights
: Human rightsconstitute the key rights to which every individualis entitled to. These include right to life, right toliberty, freedom of thought and expression, andequal treatment before the law.3.
: Citizen Participation is thefoundation of any democracy. It is essential fromthe perspective of exchange of ideas withingovernment, parliament, political parties, civilsociety, and academic in situation and citizens. Thesame can be indirect involvement of citizens or through their elected representatives. Its importanceis better explained in the words of the former Deputy PM, Sh. L.K. Advani “
We should remember that Swaraj came not because of theexertions of a few leaders, but because millions of people got energized by it, scarified their lives and,worked for its realization. In contrast, after Independence, the agenda of Su-raj remained without the dynamic force of the will of the people. We left the fulfillment of Su-raj in thehands of some leaders. Su-raj cannot be achieved without people’s movement.
: Transparency in Government may be defined as the citizen's access to Governmentinformation and his understanding of the decisionmaking process in Government5.
Accountability in Government istwo fold, i.e., Political and Administrativeaccountability. The Political accountability isaccountability to the public and legislative bodies(or Parliament). Administrative accountability isfocused towards that fact that internal rules andnorms of Governance are followed whiledecision making in Government6.
Effectiveness and Efficiency
: Effectiveness inGovernment is about doing right things for thewelfare of citizens and efficiency is about doingthings in the most economical way (good input tooutput ratio)7.
: Democratization is the transitionto a democratic political regime. In essence it istransition from an authoritarian regime to a fulldemocracy or transition from a semi-authoritarian political system to a democratic political system.8.
: Responsiveness is a paradigmin Government as to how fast the Governmentresponds in an effective way to a crisis or an issueat hand.9.
: Consensus is the generalagreement among all the stakeholders associatedwith Government decision making. In a democraticsetup it may also mean an agreement between all political parties for a National issue.10.
Equity and Inclusiveness
: Inclusiveness is processof equitably including all set of people in societyirrespective of their sex, disability, financial status,sexual orientation, caste, religion, education background and more.11.
Coherence and Co-ordination
: Coherence andCoordination in Government applies that thedifferent organs and levels of Government willfunction in a coordinated way to give a coherentlook to the citizen.12.
: Least Governance is about thefact that the business of Government is Governanceand not to be in business. It is about deregulationand right sizing of Government so as to restrict therole of Government to policy making and sovereignfunctions only.13.
: is about aGovernment which is focused on services tocitizensIt is said that the stakeholders of government are the three pillars- Judiciary, Legislature and the Executive. But inreality the key stakeholders go beyond this list of stakeholders. In current framework of Government thecommon decision makers include Mafia, Lobbyists, PoliticalParties, Religious Leaders, Kitchen Cabinet (InformalAdvisors),Research/ Academic Institutions, NGOs,Military, Intelligence Agencies and Business Houses. It is because of these extra-constitutional influences that majorityof countries fall short of achieving Good Governance.However apart from the above there are a few more issuesthat come in way for achieving Good Governance and thesame may include Delay in Justice, Limited publicaccountability, Corruption, Lack of performanceincentives for Civil Servants, Oversized Government,
- governance- Solution for e-Governance