Before one can explain management information systems, the terms
must briefly be defined.
is a combination or arrangement of parts to form an integrated wholeaccording to some common principles or rules. A system is a plan or method of doing something.
A system is an assembly of elements arranged in a local order toachieve certain objectives. The organization is also a system of people where people areselected on the basis of number, quality and ability and are placed in hierarchical order plan and execute the business activities to achieve certain goals and objectives.A system is a scientific method of inquiry, that is, observation, the formulation of an idea,the testing of that idea, and the application of the results. The scientific method of problem solving is systems analysis in its broadest sense. Data are facts and figures.However, data have no value until they are compiled into a system and can provideinformation for decision making.
is what is used in the act of informing or the state of being informed.Information includes knowledge acquired by some means.
It is processed data which inturn is collection of raw facts, observations and figures.
is usually defined as planning, organizing, directing, staffing andcontrolling the business operation. This definition, which evolved from the work of HenriFayol in the early 1900s, defines what a manager does, but it is probably moreappropriate to define what management is rather than what management does.
Management is the process of allocating an organization's inputs, including humanand economic resources, by planning, organizing, directing, and controlling for thepurpose of producing goods or services desired by customers so that organizationalobjectives are accomplished
. If management has knowledge of the planning, organizing,directing, and controlling of the business, its decisions can be made on the basis of facts,and decisions are more accurate and timely as a result.
Definition of MIS
Management information systems
are those systems that allow managers to makedecisions for the successful operation of businesses.
MIS refers broadly to a computer- based system that provides managers with the tools for organizing, evaluating andefficiently running their departments. In order to provide past, present and predictioninformation, an MIS can includesoftwarethat helps in decision making, data resourcessuch asdatabases, thehardwareresources of a system,decision support systems, people
management and project managementapplications,and any computerized processes thatenable the department to run efficiently.