The substation in Sarusajai, Guwahati-781034, Assam was completed by the year 1986 under AEGCL; it is one of the largest power grids in the state of Assam and the north eastern India.This substation has the capacity of 220kv and can step down to 132kv using three input linesthrough the incoming feeders. The input feeders are namely:AGIA- i; AGIA-ii; LONGPI- i; LONGPI- ii; SAMUGURI-i; SAMUGURI- ii.All these feeders come into the substation with 220kv.The substation has another substation under it. The capacity of this is 132kv/33kv. Thissubstation was completed by the year 1997 under AEGCL. The purpose of this station was tostep down the 132kv to direct distribution to the 33kv/11kv substations in six different areas of the state.The substation of 132kv/33kv has six outgoing feeders, namely:JWAHAR NAGAR, GARBHANGA, MIRZA, PALTAN BAZAR, and Kahilipara STATION.These out going feeders are of 33kv line.The most important of any substation is the grounding of the instruments, transformers etc. usedin the substation. For grounding of the substation a metallic square or some poly shaped metal boxes are placed in the ground. These ground the extra high voltage to the ground. As it isdangerous to us to go near the instrument without proper earth. If the instruments are not ground properly they may give a huge shock to anyone who would stay near it and also it is dangerousfor the costly instrument as they may get damaged by this high voltage.
1.2.Construction – Site Selection & Layout
E HV S U B STATIONEHV Sub-Station forms an important link between Transmission network and Distributionnetwork. It has a vital influence of reliability of service. Apart from ensuring efficienttransmission and Distribution of power, the sub-station configuration should be such that itenables easy maintenance of equipment and minimum interruptions in power supply. Flexibilityfor future expansion in terms of number of circuits and transformer MVA Capacity also needs to be considered while choosing the actual configuration of the sub-station. EHV Sub-Station isconstructed as near as possible to the load center. The voltage level of power transmission isdecided on the quantum of power to be transmitted to the load center.Generally, the relation between EHV Voltage level and the power to be transmitted is as follows:S.NO. POWER TO BE TRANSMITTED VOLTAGE LEVEL1) Upto 150 MVA 132 KV.2) From 150 MVA to 300 MVA 220 K.V.3) 300 MVA to 1000 MVA 400 K.V.
1.3.SELECTION OF SITE