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DRIS APLICATION on Sugarcane (English Version)

DRIS APLICATION on Sugarcane (English Version)

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Published by mhtrainingcenter
APPLICATION OF DIAGNOSIS AND RECCOMMENDATION INTEGRATED SYSTEM (DRIS) ON SUGAR CANE
APLIKASI DIAGNOSIS AND RECCOMMENDATION INTEGRATED SYSTEM (DRIS) PADA TANAMAN TEBU
oleh
Memet Hakim1) & Sulya Djakasutami2)

1) . Doctoral Program Student, Faculty of Agriculture Univ. of Padjadjaran, NPM: 1501 3008 0026
2) Professor Emeritus, Lecturer Postgraduate Program at the Faculty of Agriculture, Univ. of Padjadjaran , Promotor Team Member
APPLICATION OF DIAGNOSIS AND RECCOMMENDATION INTEGRATED SYSTEM (DRIS) ON SUGAR CANE
APLIKASI DIAGNOSIS AND RECCOMMENDATION INTEGRATED SYSTEM (DRIS) PADA TANAMAN TEBU
oleh
Memet Hakim1) & Sulya Djakasutami2)

1) . Doctoral Program Student, Faculty of Agriculture Univ. of Padjadjaran, NPM: 1501 3008 0026
2) Professor Emeritus, Lecturer Postgraduate Program at the Faculty of Agriculture, Univ. of Padjadjaran , Promotor Team Member

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: mhtrainingcenter on Aug 03, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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I.
INTRODUCTION
Foth H.D (1996) proposed an alternate method of evaluating crop nutrientstatus through the use of tissue analysis that developed by Beaufil (1973), called the“diagnosis and recommendation intergrated system(DRIS). This systemincorporates tissues analysis with other yield parameter in makingrecommendations.Beaufils proposed that the DRIS methodology should follow four steps :1.Defines the characters to be improved and all factors that are suspected to affectthose characters.2.Gather all reliable data available from fields operations and experiments.3.Relate yield and all external parameters (i.e. light, rainfall, etc)4.Relate yield and all external parameters (i.e nutrient content)The DRIS system emphasizes the important of nutrient balance within planttissues and state that maximum yield may never be obtained unless the proper  balance or ratio of nutrients is maintained in plant tissue. Having this proper ratio of all plant nutrient does not in fact guarantee a maximum yield, because the cropcould be destroyed by hail, flooding and other cause. If the plant nutrient ratio isincorrect, the yield will be lower.DRIS system has an advantage over trying to determine critical values thatnutrient ratios in plant tissue tend to be rather constant throughout the growingseason. Thus by applying this system, the farmer avoids having to sample the crop ata precise growth stage and estimate the change that will occur during the rest of  periode
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Fertilization provides important influence on plant growth and productivity.That is why in DRIS system must have been known norms or indices that areassociated with the maximum yield in sugarcane plant. Foliar analysis results and itsratio between each nutrient and field experiment of ferlilizing affected all theessential data base for high yielding crops.Issues the appropriate dose per unit area, how to fertilize, how thefrequency and type of application that is the most efficient will be different in every place, because of differences in soil type, nutrient available in the soil , organicmaterial content, micro climate, and others. Indicator clearly visible on the size of the leaves, high stem, broad leaf surface and the number of shoots. The lack of growth makes this plant retarded, the leaves fall off, and yellowing in color or necrosis and others. To determine the dose, type of fertilizer, application frequency,time and method of fertilization and technical agronomy can be obtained withmethod i.e. "diagnosis and recommendation integrated system (DRIS)." This methodhas been released since developed by Beaufils (1973).The Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS) has beendeveloped over 25 years, originally for rubber trees in the Far East with further extension to maize, potato and sugarcane in southern Africa. During this period, themajor features in the progress of its concepts and principles have been published.DRIS represents an original non-specific experimental approach which can be usedfor calibrating the yield and quality factors of the plant, soil, environment,treatments and/or the farming practices as well as their reciprocal chain reactions. Ameans now exists for comparing data for a particular crop at various stages of itsdevelopment and at various places in the world ( Beaufils, 1976).
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The Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS) is a methodto evaluate plant nutritional nutrient statusthat uses a comparison of the leaf tissuenutrient concentration ratios of nutrient pairs with norms from a high-yielding group(Soltanpour et al., 1995). The first step to implement DRIS or any other foliar diagnostic system is the establishment of standard values or norms (Walworth &Sumner, 1987; Bailey et al., 1997 vide Roberto, 2003).The evaluation of the nutrient status in eucalypt (
 Eucalyptus grandis
W. Hillex Maid.) forests through tissue analyses that reflects water and nutrient flows in thesystem, and represents a complementary tool to soil analysis can be helpful to raiseand maintain the forest productivity at high levels has been done by Gualter et al,(2004). This study compared the use of the Diagnosis and RecommendationIntegrated System (DRIS), Modified- DRIS (M-DRIS), and Compositional NutrientDiagnosis (CND) diagnose methods in eucalypt stands in Central-Eastern MinasGerais State, Brazil.Roberto (2003), has studied to evaluate the relationship between thediagnosis and recommendation integrated system (DRIS) indices and foliar nutrientconcentrations, to establish optimum foliar nutrient concentrations with DRIS and tovalidate the DRIS norms for sugarcane crop. Foliar nutrient concentrations from 126sugarcane commercial fields were analyzed during the 1996/97 season, to calculateDRIS indices.According to Roberto Junior, (2003), plant analysis can be a useful tool focorrecting plant nutrient deficiencies and imbalances (Baldock & Schulte, 1996),optimizing crop production (Walworth and Sumner, 1986), and for evaluatingfertilizer requirements. The Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System(DRIS) is a latest approach as an interpretation system of foliar analysis system.
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