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Philippine Units of Measurements

Philippine Units of Measurements

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Published by FVPA
About the various units of measurements used by early Filipinos. Each measuring unit has a corresponding foreign equivalent. Since early Filipinos used mostly their body parts for measuring, I used my body parts as my basis for finding the estimated foreign unit equivalent. For example, in finding the length/distance (foreign equivalent), I used the ruler to measure parts of my body. For the term salok (to fetch water), I used my both hands to fetch water to the measuring cup. Page 2 shows the literal definition of each Philippine measuring unit.
About the various units of measurements used by early Filipinos. Each measuring unit has a corresponding foreign equivalent. Since early Filipinos used mostly their body parts for measuring, I used my body parts as my basis for finding the estimated foreign unit equivalent. For example, in finding the length/distance (foreign equivalent), I used the ruler to measure parts of my body. For the term salok (to fetch water), I used my both hands to fetch water to the measuring cup. Page 2 shows the literal definition of each Philippine measuring unit.

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Published by: FVPA on Aug 03, 2009
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06/14/2015

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1
Philippine Units of Measurements
(3 pages)
-by Frederick Victor Paredes Añana
Below is a table of various units of measurements used by early Filipinos. Eachmeasuring unit has a corresponding foreign equivalent. Since early Filipinos used mostlytheir body parts for measuring, I used my body parts as my basis for finding theestimated foreign unit equivalent. For example, in finding the length/distance (foreignequivalent), I used the ruler to measure parts of my body. For the term
salok 
(to fetchwater), I used my both hands to fetch water to the measuring cup. Page 2 shows theliteral definition of each Philippine measuring unit.
LENGTH / DISTANCEMASS / WEIGHT
PhilippinemeasuringunitsForeign equivalent(estimate)PhilippinemeasuringunitsForeign equivalent(estimate)
piranggot½ inchdakot10 gramssandamak4 inchesguhit100 gramsdangkal8 incheskagitna½ kilotalampakan12 inchesgatang1 kilobisig16 incheschimanta6 kilosdipa68 inches kaban 25 kilos
VOLUMETIME
PhilippinemeasuringunitsForeign equivalent(estimate)PhilippinemeasuringunitsForeign equivalent(estimate)
salok80 mlkisapmata0.5 secondsaro250 mlsaglit1 secondmangkok400 mlsandali60 seconds
Note:The word
guhit 
(100 grams)
 
is a very recent unit of measurement. This unit was firstused by market vendors probably when the modern weighing scale was introduced.
Guhit 
literally means line. It also refers to the small lines seen in between the numbersof a weighing scale.
 
2
Definition of TermsA.) Length/Distancepiranggot - a very small piecesandamak - the width of the hand with the five fingers pressed together dangkal - the span from tip of thumb to tip of middle finger talampakan - sole of foot, a foot lengthbisig - arm, forearmdipa - the span of two extended armsB.) Mass / Weightdakot – handfulguhit – a line, a line or lines seen in between the numbers of a weighing scalekagitna – ½ gantagatang – unit of measure for rice and other grains, dry measurechimanta (look for page 261 of Encyclopaedia of scientific units, weights, andmeasures)kaban - a measure of rice, a sackC.) Volumesalok – to fetch, as in fetching watersaro – mug, ewermangkok – bowlD.) Timekisapmata – wink of an eye, wink

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