The left hand of Chaos
Author: Miguel Martínez Iradier
This essay is basically about philosophy. Samkhya, which is the oldest Indian philosophy, had adecisive influence on the development of Buddhism. We will use its viewpoints to tackle a wide-ranging physical and mathematical question, related to chaotic and complex dynamics. The Samkhya is an exact,mathematical philosophy, applicable in any order of the experience, and therefore, also it has use in the morecontrolled experimental dominion. The Samkhya studies the waves or fluctuations of any movement, being themind only another form or order of the movement in general. And although the main intention of Patanjali isthe self-observation or direct perception of the fluctuations of one’s own mind, with the intention of reachingthe balance and the possible cease of its movement, also we can apply this frame to behaviours of experimental and measurable order, one of which is the sanguineous pulse. This is what did millenniums agothe ayurvedic medicine, although, of course, in that case the quantitative considerations were secondary. Weare going to take all this farther, and will try to show that the relations between the Samkhya and the modernmathematical analysis, including in this one the science of dynamics, are real, deep and inevitable.The book consists of two parts. In the first part, titled "Pulse and time", I show that the
, the three modalities of the conditioned nature in the context of the Samkhya, is nothing but the mostgeneral expression possible of the three laws of the movement of Newton and modern dynamics –the mostgeneral, because they are applicable as much to open systems as to closed or ideal systems, being these thelimit of the first. But the same relation between open and closed systems will take to us much farther, to the borders of the analysis and the present physics, including in the word "analysis" even number theory, and being the utter Arithmetic the closest discipline to the pure scrutiny of time. This it is the subject of the second part, titled "Time and the modern science".Being aware enough that these subjects are as vast as difficult, I have decided on a exposition pointedwith historical motifs; which does not mean at all that this is a book on the history of the subject, but rather that the history, in which always our imagination concurs, allows us to assimilate thoughts, movements andcurrents not only more easily, but also more deeply when we have a suitable perspective. And, precisely, someof the things appearing are so little evident that even the historians have not repaired in them. But, for me atleast, the history itself, always ambiguous and doubtful, has much of nature –of a nature that rarely we manageto contemplate."The left hand of chaos" alludes to this rarely contemplated aspect of nature, so related to time, beyondthe conventional space of dynamics. The same term "chaos" is taken in a larger meaning than the one of the socalled deterministic chaos, which arose from the instability in the solutions of differential classical systems; if we contemplated its "left hand", the same chaos would be diluted in something very different, but notnecessarily controllable.