Section 222(c) specifies certain categories of
to be contained in anapplication, including those necessary
applications should contain additional unspecified information necessary to make an eligibility
of Title 22 of the C.F.R. states
that the consular
shallensure that the application
and properly completed in accordance with applicableregulations and instructions. However, not all of the questions on an application were actually
by the statute and regulations. Subsequent to the enactment of the INA, missionsdeveloped their own practices to determine which questions were essential and what constituted anacceptableapplication.
missions that issued
hijackers' visas developed their
practices based on local conditions. Consequently, consular
at those missions were notobliged to subject every incomplete application to denial or
scrutiny under prevailing law,policy, and practice existing at the time.Although the INA and Department regulations in
when the 23 visas were issued called
allapplicantstoappearfor apersonal interview, they also providedfor awaiverif theconsular
deemed it to be in the national
informal communications, the fivemissions annually submitted detailed "consular
reporting relevant visa
their visa practices, including waivers
Riyadh, Jeddah, Abu Dhabi, and Dubai did not consider that host country citizen visaapplicantswere intending immigrants or security risks at the time. These citizens enjoyed a
high level of income and had no apparent incentive to work abroad illegally. The missionsalso received virtually
Naturalization Service (INS),theorganization responsible for these visa
actual admission into and stay in the United
Personal interviews for Saudi and
citizens, therefore, were routinely waived. Themissions estimated that less than three percent of Saudi and Emirati citizens were interviewed
Only two of the issuing visa
were trained in Arabic, and none received
training in interviewing
concentrated their time and energy
screening TCN visa applicants. These applicants, many of whom were third world domestics,construction workers, and laborers, were considered much more likely to immigrate illegally thanwere local
222(e) and 9
Practices Handbook provided
guidance on personal appearance waivers as a way to
up limited consular resources.
entry determines whether
is to be
and for how
longthat person may remain.
One of these two
received nine months of Arabic training and the other a three-month refresher course
previously studying Arabic at university for two years. However, the Department generally restricts
languagetraining such as Arabic, which can take up to two years, for first- and second-tour untenured
who might not maketheForeign Service a career.
rates for Saudi citizens at Riyadh and Jeddah were very low, rangingfrom 2.11 percent to 4.40
were similarly low.
rates for TCNs in thosecountries at that time ranged from 28 percent to 53 percent.