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Permissible level of voltage fluctuations for a motor

# Permissible level of voltage fluctuations for a motor

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In this guide, a design engineer has to advise his industrial customer who plans to connect a new induction motor to the power supply system. Using the permissible level of voltage fluctuations, his methodology is described.
In this guide, a design engineer has to advise his industrial customer who plans to connect a new induction motor to the power supply system. Using the permissible level of voltage fluctuations, his methodology is described.

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07/06/2013

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Guide for electrical design engineers
Krzysztof Piatek
AGH-University of Science & Technology
ow e Q u al   i    t    y
Power Qualit
Voltage drop calculation: permissible level of voltage fluctuations for a motor
SupplysystemPPC 400 VMlineL1 TrlineLz
400 V
Z
PPC
Z
L
Z
r
PPC
N

2
http://www.leonardo-energy.org
Power Quality
Problem
An industrial customer plans to connect a new induction motor to the power supply system as shown in thediagram.
Power supply system parameters:
- eeder line Lz impedance (at 0.4 kV level):
Z
Lz
m
= +
155166..
Ω
- supply line L impedance:
Zj
LL
mm
= + =
256065
Ω Ω
,
Transormer data:
- rated power
S
N
MVA
=
1- short-cir cuit voltage
u
%
=
5%- reactance to resistance ratio
XR
=
5
Motor data:
- rated voltage:
N
V
=
400- rated power:
N
kW
=
75- starting power actor:PF
r
=
r
kVA/kW
=
7Using the permissible level o voltage uctuations as a criterion, determine whether the motor should be installed.For the planned number o 20 starts per hour the voltage change:
max
= 3%
Solution
First, calculate the motor impedance during start then, employing Kirchho voltage law, nd the voltage drop duringstart. The voltage drop value relative to the rated voltage at PCC is the sought coef cient; it has to be compared withthe coef cients given or 20 starts per hour. The apparent power during start
Sk
rrN
kVA
= = =
775525 The motor impedance during start
Z S j
rN2rrr
= +
( )
cossin
ϕ ϕ
where
ϕ
rozr
is the phase shit angle during start, and cos
ϕ
r
= PF
r
is the starting power actor. Thus we obtain
Zj
r
m
= +
( )
= +
04525030954914329074
2
.....
Ω
The voltage drop at PCC is calculated rom the voltage divider in the gure. The voltage at PCC is
U Z ZZ
PPCNrLrLPPC
=++ +
SupplysystemPPC 400 VMlineL1 TrlineLz