PATRIMONIAL VALUATION OF THE FORTIFICATIONS OF THECARIBBEAN
The Caribbean fortifications constitute acultural heritage of historical andmonumental relevancy. They were builton a great scale to protect the Hispaniccommercial colonies in the region. Theirmultiple typologies were of Europeanorigin and they were coupled to thescientific, technical and armamentsdevelopment, from the XVI century tothe XIX century, the period of the Spanish colonization in America.
San Diego de Acaulco Castle. Mexico.
The Caribbean is very important because itwas the space where the conquest,expansion and colonization of Americawere undertaken. Here, a commercialroute between Spain and its colonies, of great political, economic and socialrepercussion, was settled down. Also,nineteen typologies were built whichevolved historically as towers, strong-holds, castles,bul-warked fortresses, redoubts, ramparts, turrets,platforms, bastions, magazines, batteries, horn-works, military cross-paths, defensive lines, lines of observation, fortalices, barracks, guard-houses,trenches and military hospitals.
Mar CaribeSan José Redoubt. Campeche. Mexico.
Their multiple designs were mainly drawn by Italian, Spanish and French militaryengineers. Stonemasons, bricklayers, carpenters, blacksmiths, designers, slaves, andsalaried workers took part in this great building enterprise.3