JOURNAL OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS, VOLUME 22, ISSUE 1, OCTOBER 2013 25
Effect of Inductive Posts on Y-junction Substrate Integrated Waveguide (SIW) Slot Antenna Array
Sourav Moitra, A. K. Mukhopadhay and A. K. Bhattacharjee
The Effect of introduction of Inductive Posts over Single layer Y-junction Substrate Integrated Waveguide (SIW) Slot Antenna Array has been studied in this paper. Single and double Inductive posts have been introduced over basic SIW Antenna Array designed using Y-junction power divider consisting of symmetrical linearly polarized slot array antenna elements over a substrate of dielectric constant of 3.2 and thickness 0.782mm. Alternating offsets in the slots is used to generate in-phase electric field distributions on every radiating slot. The array configurations with different Inductive post alignment have been supported with necessary results. The results confirm the antenna suitable for K-band applications. The array has been simulated and optimized using full-wave EM CAD Tool CST Microwave Studio. The designs are simple and come with high gain over the operable bandwidth.
Substrate Integrated Circuits (SIC), Substrate Integrated Waveguide (SIW), Inductive Posts, Y-junction power divider, Antenna Array, K-band .
UBSTRATE Substrate integrated circuits (SICs) con-cept was proposed to provide a compact as well as cost-effective solution for integration of both planar and non-planar transmission line sections within a single substrate . This resulted in further investigation in these circuits and many of them have been successfully implemented on design of several of microwave and mil-limeter-wave circuits and systems. Substrate integrated Waveguides (SIW) comes under this category and has received the most attention because of its simple design and easy applicability. SIW technology uses arrays of me-talized vias which acts as the metallic sidewalls of the conventional rectangular waveguide. Hence, SIW struc-tures can be used as a planar waveguide transmission line. In this article we focused our study on Slot array antennas based on SIW Technology. Presently Slot An-tennas are widely employed in radar and satellite com-munication systems due to their high gain, high radiation efficiency, low cross-polarization levels and effective con-trol over the radiation patterns. Several contributions re-lated to Waveguide slotted antenna arrays have been published in [2-3]. However metallic waveguide antennas suffer from several disadvantages like bulkiness and high manufacturing cost. Again they are difficult to be inte-grated with other microwave or millimeter wave planar active or passive circuits. Substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) is a reliable technology in this regard as it over-comes these disadvantages and at the same time inherits all the merits of conventional rectangular waveguides. SIW structures can be integrated with other microwave components quite easily without introduction of any in-sertion loss [4-6]. One major disadvantage of SIW slot array antennas is that they suffer from a very limited frequency bandwidth sim-ilar to that of Waveguide slot array antennas. The com-bined effect of very small SIW height and dielectric filling results in stronger mutual coupling between the slots. These factors lead to a much narrower frequency band-width that is usually around 3% or less. Several methods have been proposed for increasing the bandwidth of the SIW slot array [7-8]. In our design, we focused on effect of introducing Inductive posts over a basic K-band SIW slot array antenna suitable for satellite applications. For gen-eration of in-phase electric field distributions on every radiating slot, alternating offsets and tilt angles has been adopted for waveguide-fed shunt and series slot array antennas respectively. The following sections describe the design details of the study with appropriate outcomes which may prove very useful for using the antenna array for specific applications.
Substrate Integrated Waveguide (SIW) is structure con-sisting of dielectric substrate in between two metal con-ducting planes similar to that of microstrip lines. A series of metallic vias are placed along the edges to produce a waveguide like structure as shown in Fig. 1. This makes the non-planar rectangular waveguide in planar form
Sourav Moitra is B-Tech, M-Tech Assistant Professor in the Dept of Elec-tronics & Communication Engineering, Dr. B C Roy Engineering College, Durgapur, India.
A. K. Mukhopadhyay is M.Tech (ECE) from IIT Kharagpur and Ph.D (Engg), Jadavpur University, Head, Dept. of Computer Science & Engi-neering, Dr. B C Roy Engineering College Durgapur, India.
A. K. Bhattacharjee is B.E. M.E. PhD, Professor in Electronics & Commu-nication Engineering Dept. in National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, India.