THE CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLE.BY FREDERICK DENISON MAURICE, M.A.St. John n. 16.Take these things hence; make not my Father s house an house of merchandice,The first three Gospels have been sometimes called theOalilcean Gospels ; the fourth, the Jerusalem Gospel. Thedistinction would be a very false one, if it implied that ourLord's relation to Jerusalem was not present to the mindsof the earlier Evangelists, or that St. John overlooked Hisrelation to Galilee. In the ninth chapter of St. Luke'sGospel, we are told that Jesus set His face to go to Jerusa-lem. All the chapters which follow refer to events whichtook place in that journey, and contain discourses relatingto the end of it, and to the city itsel£ In the thirteenth,we hear of His sending a message to Herod, that a prophetcould not perish out of Jerusalem ; in the nineteenth, of His looking down upon Jerusalem and weeping over it.The climax of the narrative, not only of St. Luke, but of St Matthew and of St. Mark, is the entry of Jesus intoJerusalem^ to be hailed as a king, to die as a malefactor.On the other hand, St. John presents his Master to us inTHE CLEANSING OP THE TEMPLE. 73the midst of Galilaean disciples. He carefully omits anjallnsion to the birth at Bethlehem; he records the firstmanifestation of His power and nature as given at Gana.But though these observations show how easily thesupposed difference between these narratives may be ex-aggerated and perverted, they do not prove it not to exist.