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Internet Usage among Broadcast Media Practitioners in Nigeria.pdf

Internet Usage among Broadcast Media Practitioners in Nigeria.pdf

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Published by Alexander Decker
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 New Media and Mass Communication www.iiste.org ISSN 2224-3267 (Paper) ISSN 2224-327 (!n"ine) #o".$7% 2&$3
42
Internet Usage among Broadcast Media Practitioners in Nigeria
'ames Matew
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r. Peter M. !gede*e
2
 +rancis Nda ,*aa
3
 
$.
 
amat /i*rar% 0ni1ersit o Maiduguri% P.M.. $&6% ama oad% Maiduguri% Nigeria.
2.
 
epartment o Computer Science% ingam 0ni1ersit% 5aru% Nassarawa State% Nigeria
3.
 
amat /i*rar% 0ni1ersit o Maiduguri% P.M.. $&6% ama oad% Maiduguri% Nigeria -mai" o corresponding autor8 inornme9mai".com
Abstract
:e stud in1estigates internet usage among *roadcast media practitioners in Nigeria. ,"" te media practitioners in N:,% Peace PM and a Power stations in Maiduguri% tota"ing $% were administered wit ;uestionnaire. :e stud inds out tat ma<orit 3$(34.&7=) o te respondents said te used te internet dai"% wi"e minorit 6(6.=) o te respondents said te ne1er used te internet. Ma<orit 32(3.$6=) o te respondents said te used internet or news reporting% wi"e minorit (.>=) o te respondents said te used te internet or ad1ertising. ,"so 3>(4$.76=) o te respondents said we*sites enanced teir wor? as *roadcast media  practitioners% wi"e minorit 7(7.6=) o te respondents said @ou :u*e enanced teir wor? as a *roadcast media practitioner. :e stud a"so ind out tat ca""enges encountered * *roadcast media practitioners wi"e using te internet inc"udeA erratic power supp"% "ac? o access to internet% "ow internet connecti1it and as weater conditions. :e stud recommended among oter tings tat media owners sou"d pro1ide computers or teir organiBations and a"so pro1ide same to teir sta as "oan to ena*"e tem access internet not on" in oice *ut a"so at ome. :e stud ten conc"uded tat *roadcast media practitioners in Nigeria can not aord to  *e "et *eind in te use o internet% i te must perorm teir duties o inorming% educating and entertaining teir "isteners and 1iewers.
Keyword
8 roadcasting% roadcast media% "ectronic Communication% Internet% New media :ecno"og
1.
 
Introduction
:e in1ention o te internet as re1o"utioniBed te wa tings are done a"" o1er te wor"d. :e coming o te internet not on" *rougt impro1ement% *ut a"so ;ua"it and speed in te wa peop"e communicate around te g"o*e. :e app"ication o te internet can *e seen in a"most e1er aspect o uman endea1our. :e internet is a new media tecno"og tat uses interconnected computers and sotware protoco" to sare inormation% news and entertainment and to communicate wit peop"e around te wor"d. It is aster and is accessi*"e 247. Proessor Martin Ir1ine descri*ed internet and ;uoted * ,?ine"ee% (2&$$8>) as Da wor"dwide (e"ectronic) computer using a common means o "in?ing ardware and transmitting digita" inormationAEa communit o peop"e using a common e"ectronic communication tecno"ogAEa g"o*a" distri*uted sstem o e"ectronic communication.F ,?ine"ee% went urter to sa tat Dte internet among oter tings% is a twent- our our non-stop g"o*a" e"ectronic orm o communication% an on"ine "i*rar and internationa" communicationA a *usiness and corporate g"o*a" communication mediumA a distance and remote education sstemsA a mu"timedia and commercia" de"i1er communication sstem or news and entertainmentA and a"" o te a*o1e wor?ing simu"taneous" as one o te dominant new e"ectronic media.F Indi1idua"s or organiBations can *e connected to te internet troug an internet ser1ice pro1ider and troug an on"ine ser1ice pro1ider. !nce an indi1idua" or an organiBation is oo?ed to te internet% a 1ariet o too"s "i?e te e-mai"% newsgroups and te Gor"d Gide Ge* can *e used or o*taining inormation% or entertainment and communication. (ominic?% 2&&) :e internet as *rougt a "ot o impro1ement in te wa news is gatered% and news% entertainment and oter  programmes are presented on *ot adio and :e"e1ision across te g"o*e. Git te e"p o te searc engines "i?e Hoog"e and @aoo man *roadcast media practitioners o ma<or *roadcasting stations around te wor"d a1e  *een a*"e to gater news and send suc news to teir stations 1ia te internet% rom te comort o teir ome or oice. :is as e"ped to reduce te cost o operations. roadcasting ouses do not need to send correspondents to e1er scene to co1er an e1ent. :e a1ai"a*i"it o news sources "i?e @aoo% Hoog"e% "og% @ou tu*e% :witter% +ace *oo? and we* sites as made news gatering muc easier tan *eore. ,ccording to ominic? (2&&83&4) D:odas reporters can sit at is or er des? and instant" access documents% data*ases% go1ernment records and eJpert sources. In sort% <ourna"ists can now *ring to teir des?s inormation te pre1ious" went out to "oo? or.F :e *roadcast media ouses in Nigeria as part o te g"o*a" media sstem% can not aord to *e "et *eind in te wa news is gatered and reported wit te aid o te internet. :is paper tereore intents to eJamine te usage o internet among *roadcast media practitioners in Nigeria.
 
 New Media and Mass Communication www.iiste.org ISSN 2224-3267 (Paper) ISSN 2224-327 (!n"ine) #o".$7% 2&$3
43
2.
 
Statement Of Probem
Internet is an important component o todas *roadcasting. In Nigeria ca""enges acing te use o internet *  *roadcast media practitioners are numerous. rratic e"ectricit supp" witnessed dai" * Nigerians in a"" sectors o te econom% coup"ed wit cost o internet su*scription% as made te cost o operating a *roadcasting station to *e 1er eJpensi1e. +or eJamp"e tree monts su*scription or *andwidt cost N3% &&&%&&&% wic is e;ui1a"ent to $>%7& 0S do""ars. ,ccording to ,g*enson (2&$2) D#oice o NigeriaEpa as muc as N3 mi""ion or its *andwidt and internet access or its on"ine *roadcast or tree monts ser1iceF ,part rom tis% internet speed is sometimes 1er s"ow% resu"ting in te "ost o man ours wic cou"d a1e *een used to do oter  producti1e acti1ities in te *roadcasting station. Internet pro1iders "i?e te M:N% ,I:/% :IS,/,:% #IS,+!N% and H/! mo*i"e a"" operates wit te H3 internet aci"ities% instead o te H4 wic is aster. ,s a resu"t connecting to te internet ser1er is sometimes diicu"t.
!.
 
"esearc# Ob$ecti%e
:o ind out weter *roadcast media practitioners in Nigeria use te internet. :o ind out te aspect o internet tat *roadcasting practitioners used in carring out teir duties :o ind out te internet too"s tat is used * *roadcast media practitioners in carring out teir duties :o ind out weter tere are ca""enges aced * *roadcast media practitioners in te use o internet wi"e  perorming teir duties.
&.
 
"esearc# 'uestions
Gat is te "e1e" o internet usage among *roadcast media practitioners in Nigeria. Gat aspect o *roadcasting is internet used * *roadcast media practitioners in carring out teir duties Gat are te internet too"s used * *roadcast media practitioners in perorming teir duties Gat are te ca""enges encountered * *roadcast media practitioners wi"e perorming teir duties
(.
 
)itrature "e%iew
:e internet is a networ? o networ?s% a wor"dwide assem*"age o interconnected computer networ?s% wic connects a"" manners o commercia"% go1ernment% pri1ate% academic and persona" computers and oter ome app"iances (,sema% 2&$$82>) I*emesi% (2&&7) eJp"ained tat% Dte internetEtecno"og a1e e;ua"" impacted great" on *roadcast news reporting. In Nigeria% news reporters now re" on te net to i"e in teir reports using e-mai" wen te indrance o distance is tere. 1en sounds and pictures in news reports cou"d *e i"ed in using te internet. :e internet tecno"og as e;ua"" pro1ided reporters wit "imit"ess opportunit or carring out researc on an imagina*"e area o interest as te co1er teir news. 1en stories o e1ents in dierent parts o te wor"d wou"d *e o*tained rom te internet. , radio station "i?e te Cosmo +M nugu in te a*sence o news correspondents re"ies on te net or news inormation.F Hi"% (2&$3) deines internet Das a massi1e ardware com*ination o mi""ions o persona"% *usiness% and go1ernmenta" computers% a"" connected "i?e roads and igwas.F ,ccording to Hi"% Dte internet started in $6&sF under te origina" name D,rpanetF. ,rpanet was origina"" an eJperiment on ow te 0S mi"itar wou"d maintain communications in case o a possi*"e nuc"ear stri?e. Git time% ,rpanet *ecame a ci1i"ian eJperiment% connecting uni1ersit mainrame computers or academic purposes. ,s persona" computers *ecome more and more mainstream in te $>&s and $&s% te internet grew eJponentia"" as more users p"ugged teir computers into te massi1e networ?.F Hi"% went urter to sa% tat% Dtoda te internet as grown into a pu*"ic spider we* o mi""ions o persona"% go1ernment% and commercia" computers% a"" connected * ca*"es and * wire"ess signsF Gi?ipedia% (2&$3) was o te 1iew tat% Dte internet is a g"o*a" sstem o interconnected computer networ?s% tat use te standard internet protoco" suite (:CPIP) to ser1e *i""ions o users wor"dwide. It is a networ? o networ?s tat consists o mi""ions o pri1ate% pu*"ic% academic% *usiness% and go1ernment networ?s% o "oca" to g"o*a" scope% tat are "in?ed * a *road arra o e"ectronic% wire"ess and optica" networ?ing tecno"ogies. :e internet carries an eJtensi1e range o inormation resources and ser1ices% suc as te inter-"in?ed perteJt documents o te wor"d wide-we* (www) and te inrastructure to support emai".F naoro% (2&&8 4>) sees te internet as Dte newest media tecno"og. It is credited% wit oering societies wit 1ast opportunities tat can stimu"ate economic growt.F iagi% (2&&383) deines te internet as a Dcom*ination o tousands o computer networ?s sending and recei1ing data rom a"" o1er te wor"d computing interest <oined togeter * a common purpose% *ut no common owner.F e"c% (2&&$8 4) o*ser1ed tat Dte internet is a wor"dwide means o eJcanging inormation and communicating troug a series o interconnected computersF
 
 New Media and Mass Communication www.iiste.org ISSN 2224-3267 (Paper) ISSN 2224-327 (!n"ine) #o".$7% 2&$3
44 Muciano and 5enned% (2&&2) were o te opinion tat% Kte internet is a wor"dwide co""ection o computer networ?s tat sare digita" inormation troug a common set o networ?ing and sotware protoco"s.F Iedu*a%(2&&8 73) remar?ed tat% Kte internet as gained popu"arit as a source o inormation and tis is ac?now"edged * researcers and non-researcers a"i?e.F 'ag*oro%(2&&3) sees te internet Das a too" or researcers to communicate and sare pro<ect dataF% 'ag*oro went urter to add tat% DIt is re"ati1e" ast% it is accessi*"e 24 ours a da% se1en das a wee?% and ou can use it rom our own computer.F Mc;uai"% (2&&8 >) stressed tat te internet is a D wor"dwide sstem o interconnected networ?s% using te te"ecommunication inrastructures tat now support a "arge num*er o computer-*ased communication eJcanges% inc"uding consu"tation o data-*ases% we*sites and omepages% con1entiona" interactions% emai"% man ?inds o e"ectronic commerce and inancia" transactions. :e internet is gradua"" ta?en o1er man unctions o Dtraditiona"F mass media (e. g ad1ertising% news and inormation). ,ccess to te internet is sti"" restricted * costs to te user p"us *arriers o "anguage% cu"ture and computer "iterac.F Cam*ridge ncc"opaedia (2&&&) eJp"ained tat% te internet Dis an association o computer networ?s wit common standards wic ena*"e messages to *e sent rom ost on one networ? to anoter ost on an oter.F !"orede L !ewo"e% (2&$3) a"so eJp"ained tat Dte internet oers uni;ue was in wic to interact wit peop"e and eJcange inormation in a 1ariet o ormats. Pictures% sound% teJt and 1ideo can *e com*ined to present ideas in news% eecti1e was. Pre1ious tecno"ogies "imited communication to 1oice or one-wa images. :e internet as speed te process o inormation eJcange% tis spurring new ideas and growtF aran% (2&&483&&) opined tat te internet is Da g"o*a" networ? o interconnected computers tat communicate ree" and sare and eJcange inormationF #i1ian% (2&&28222) sas te internet is te wired inrastructure on wic we* messages mo1e. It is as a mi"itar communication sstem% wic eJpanded into a go1ernment-unded ci1i" researc networ?. :oda% te internet is a user-inancia" sstem ting institutions o man sorts togeter into an Dinormation superigwaF. ,g*enson% (2&$2) stated tat D,part rom using computers or pac?aging news% accepting materia"s or news%  pu*"ising news on we*sites and transmitting materia" *etween reporters and teir *ases% Nigerian <ourna"ists a"so emp"o it or te purpose o on"ine *roadcasting popu"ar" reerred to as we*castingF
*.
 
Met#odoogy
Purposi1e researc metod was used or tis stud. , structured ;uestionnaire was used in co""ecting te data wit te e"p o our researc assistants. :e *roadcasting stations are "ocated in Maiduguri% te orno state capita". :ese are Nigerian :e"e1ision ,utorit (N:,) ona" centre% Peace +M and a Power stations. :e coice o tese stations is *ased on te act tat Maiduguri is a cosmopo"itan cit% were Nigerians rom dierent tri*es and re"igious ai"iation can *e ound. ,part rom tis% simi"ar stations can *e ound in oter parts o te countr. In essence% teir structure and organiBation are te same. ,"" te *roadcast media practitioners in te a*o1e mentioned *roadcasting stations tota"ing $ were administered wit ;uestionnaires. esponse rate was $&&=. :e ;uestionnaires were ten ana"sed using re;uenc and simp"e percentage.
+.
 
,ata Anaysis
7.$. :a*"e $ sows tat ma<orit 4(3.>=) o te respondents were ema"e% wi"e 42(46.$=) were ma"e. :is sows tat tere are more ema"e tan ma"e in *roadcast media in Nigeria. Ma<orit 3$(34.&7=) o te respondents said te were *etween te age range 26rs -3rs. 26(2>.7=) o te respondents said te were *etween te age range $rs- 2rs. ,noter 26(2>.7=) said te are *etween te age range 36rs-46rs. Minorit >(>.7=) said te were *etween te age range 46rs-rs. :is sowed tat ma<orit o te *roadcast media practitioners are *e"ow te age o 4&rs% wic is good or te industr. :e more eJperienced te *ecome% te *etter teir perormance. Ma<orit &(4.4=) o te respondents said irst degree was teir igest educationa" ;ua"iication. 2$(23.&>=) o te respondents said dip"oma was teir igest educationa" ;ua"iication% wi"e anoter $($6.4>=) o te respondents said iger Nationa" ip"oma was teir igest educationa" ;ua"iication. Minorit (.&=) o te respondents said masters and a*o1e were teir igest educationa" ;ua"iication. :is sowed tat ig" ;ua"iied *roadcast media practitioners are in1o"1ed in te *roadcasting industr in Nigeria. 7.2. :a*"e 2 sows tat ma<orit 3$(34.&7=) o te respondents said te used te internet dai". 2&(2$.>=) o te respondents said te used te internet wee?"% wi"e $>($.7>=) said te used te internet mont". $&($&.=) o te respondents said te used te internet twice a wee?. 6(6.=) o te respondents said te used te internet ortnigt". ,noter 6(6.=) o te respondents said te ne1er used te internet. 7.3. :a*"e 3 sows tat ma<orit 32(3.$6=) o te respondents said te used te internet or news reporting. 2(27.47=) o te respondents said te used te internet or news gatering. $(2&.>>=) o te respondents said te used te internet or entertainment% wi"e anoter $2($3.$=) o te respondents said te used te

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