There are 5+#,,, spiritual $eins/ in the !ody called =adis. These astral tu!es carry prana throughout the !ody from chakra to chakra. The primary nadis are called the Sushumna# Ida and Pingala =adis. Ida starts in the left nostril# rises up into the "@na 8hakra and crosses o$er the center line of the !ody at this point. It then goes don the right side of the spine until the "nahata 8hakra at hich point it intersects ith the Pingala =adi and crosses !ack o$er to the left side of the spine. It continues to go don until the %anda# hich is a spiritual center @ust a!o$e the Muladhara chakra. "t the %anda it crosses o$er again and ends in the right testicle. The Pingala starts in the right nostril and does the eact re$erse of the Ida# ending in the left testicle. The sushumna runs in a straight line from the perineum at the !ase of the spine up the spinal chord into the medulla of the !rain# at hich point it goes up into the pineal glad and further up to the Sahasrara 8hakra. This =adi contains ithin it a smaller nadi called the &rahma =adi# hich is actually the channel the %undalini takes up the spine.
Prana, Upana and Samana:
There are fi$e different types of ayus (airs) in the human !ody. Af these# ; are the most important. The Prana is the primary spiritual life force of the !ody. In a mundane man it runs don his spine toards the loer ; chakras to engage is sensual pleasures. In the Yogi it runs up the spine to the higher chakras to esta!lish Satt$ic (holy) mind. It has its !ase in the "nahata 8hakra. The 2pana deals ith the ecretory system of the !ody. It has its !ase in the Muladhara chakra. It represents the current of death/ so to say# hile Prana represents that of life/. The Samana is the 'astric fire that deals ith digestion and assimilation. It is !ased in the Manipura chakra. The goal of hatha yoga is to unite the sun ith the moon. The prana is the Sun and the 2pana the moon. The Samana is the means !y hich the to are united. This is the goal of hatha yoga4 to control the flo of the prana and upana and unite them in the fire of samana. This is done !y "sanas and Pranayama. This leads to Pratyahara.
End of theory:
That is the $ery !asic theory that is needed for a !eginner to a!le to make sense of the rest of this article. There are of course many things I did not talk a!out# and hat I did talk a!out I spoke of in $ery minimal and simplistic terms.
Part to4 Practice
Introduction to practice4Thus after some !asic theory e start the practical eercises of Hatha Yoga. Hatha Yoga is said to ha$e !een founded !y the =ath Yogis# hose Mahaguru (head guru) is "di =ath# hose name is Shi$a 'orakshanath &a!a@i# the maha$atar of this age. He is the disciple of Matsyendranath# the founder of the tantra school of Yoga. "fter Shi$a had taught Tantra Yoga to Matsyendranath# he told him that he could ha$e any gift he desired. Matsyendranath asked that he ha$e a disciple greater than himself. "s he as the greatest of all Yogis# Shi$a himself incarnated as 'oraksha &a!a@i and !ecame Matsyendranath1s disciple. The =ath Yogis are considered the 8ustodians of Hatha Yoga and %riya Yoga.Hatha Yoga is comprised of three angas (lim!s)4 "sana# Pranayama and Pratyahara. They are to !e mastered in that order# one after another. It is possi!le to reach the highest of attainments ith