Construction and interpretation of law come only after it has beendemonstrated that application is impossible or inadequate without them.
DIFFERENT KINDS OF CONSTRUCTION ANDINTERPRETATION
– the science or art of construction and interpretation.
– is the systematic body of rules which arerecognized as applicable to the construction and interpretation of legal writings.Dr. Lieber in his work on Hermeneutics gives the following
classificationof the different kinds of interpretation
Close interpretation – adopted if just reasons connected with thecharacter and formation of the text induce as to take the words in thenarrowest meaning. This is generally known as “
”interpretation.2.Extensive interpretation – also called as liberal interpretation, itadopts a more comprehensive signification of the words.3.Extravagant interpretation – substitutes a meaning evidently beyondthe true one. It is therefore not genuine interpretation.4.Free or unrestricted interpretation – proceeds simply on he generalprinciples of interpretation in good faith, not bound by any specific orsuperior principle.5.Limited or restricted interpretation - influenced by other principlesthan the strictly hermeneutic ones.6.Predestined interpretation – takes place when the interpreter, laboringunder a strong bias of mind, makes the text subservient to hispreconceived views and desires.
SUBJECTS OF CONSTRUCTION AND INTERPRETATION
Most common subjects of construction and interpretation are theconstitution and statutes which include ordinances. But we may alsoadd resolutions, executive orders and department circulars.