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12 Difference Between Cv and Resume

12 Difference Between Cv and Resume

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Published by: maturisantoshkumar on Aug 06, 2009
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Difference Between CV And Resume:
Is there a difference?
I imagine that many people, on reading the title of this article, laughedsmugly to themselves, then wandered off thinking vague thoughtsabout the English and Americans having different names for the samething. If you were one of these people, then don't worry - you're right!Or at least you're partially right. In general, CVs are used throughoutmost of the world, while resumes are the common format in America.However, there are significant differences between the two documents,and if you plan to succeed in the employment market it is importantthat you are familiar with the features and uses of both. Let's gothrough them one at a time.
The differences in brief 
At first glance, the differences between the two seem slight. Bothconsist of a structured list of facts that allows you to impart relevantinformation about your skills and achievements to an employer asquickly and simply as possible.Although in essence they both serve the same purpose, the maindifference between a CV and a resume is that a CV acts as a completerecord of your professional history, while a resume is a short, targetedlist of transferable skills and accomplishments, intended to show howyou can be of specific benefit to the particular company to which youare applying..As I mentioned earlier, throughout most of the world, the CV is thestandard format for job applications. However, in the US, resumes aremore common, and CVs are reserved almost completely for jobs inacademia or when applying for grants. As a result, many internationalworkers possess both a CV and a resume and choose between them asnecessary.In the following sections, I shall discuss the features of each type of document in more detail, and close with a brief look at how to decidewhich one is best for you.
Features of a CV
A CV, or Curriculum Vitae, to give it its Latin name, is an account of your entire education and employment history. The term translates as'course of life', and it really is that - a record of your working life sofar. It is far more detailed than a resume, from which elements areoften excluded if they are considered irrelevant. A CV should includeeverything you've ever done, listed in reverse chronological order, tomake it easier to prioritise more recent information. As a result, a CVis longer than a resume, although two pages is the recommendedlength.
Information in a CV is arranged according to subheadings, to make iteasier for the reader to quickly skim through and find the informationhe or she needs. Remember, your CV is intended to let prospectiveemployers find out about you in the hope that they will offer you a job,so it's in your interest to make it easy to understand!The sections of a CV may include the following, although manysections can be moved up or down depending on what information isrelevant for the specific job.>Profile/Objectives - a short statement, tailored to fit the requirementsof the prospective employer;>Education/Qualifications - a list of institutions and courses, withgrades awarded and dates attended;>Skills/Competencies - any skills or achievements that are relevant tothe job. You can include most things, but be sensible - there is no needto mention the 10m swimming badge you got when you were six!>Career Summary - this should be the most detailed part, it can bemoved higher up the document if necessary. Each job should have ashort descripttion of the skills you used and your achievements withinthe role. A few bullet points are sufficient, with more detailed accountsof more recent/relevant positions.
Features of a resume
A resume should be a shorter, more focused account of your relevantskills and achievements. Although the exact length of a resume is opento debate, in general it should not exceed one page in length, and it'ssafer to be conventional; after all, you want to get the job. It's fine tomiss things out of a resume to keep the length down; you should onlyinclude the things that are most relevant to the position you aretargeting. Resumes also often miss out some of the more personaldetails that CVs include, such as hobbies and interests.As with CVs, resumes are usually organised into a few essentialsections. However, one key difference between a CV and a resume isthat resumes are focused on your skills and accomplishments, ratherthan providing an objective account of your history. As a result,resumes often feature aggrandising language, and tend to be moreobviously self-promoting than CVs.You can afford to be a bit less formal with the structure of a resumethan with a CV, and there is a wider scope for creative presentation.That said, there are three main formats that are generally used:>Chronological - this is the most common format, and is very similar inorganisation to a CV;>Functional - your skills/qualifications act as a backbone, around whichthe rest of the resume is structured;>Focused - as above, but with the content organised in relation to thetargeted position.

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