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US Residential Mortgage Report

US Residential Mortgage Report

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Published by Trading Floor
The total loss for ARM’s and Alt-A mortgages could climb to over $1.2 trn by 2012, adding to the estimated $1 trn already lost on subprime mortgages.
After having seen the first wave of delinquencies and foreclosures mostly related to subprime mortgages, option ARM’s and Alt-A mortgages are next in line
The total loss for ARM’s and Alt-A mortgages could climb to over $1.2 trn by 2012, adding to the estimated $1 trn already lost on subprime mortgages.
After having seen the first wave of delinquencies and foreclosures mostly related to subprime mortgages, option ARM’s and Alt-A mortgages are next in line

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Categories:Business/Law, Finance
Published by: Trading Floor on Aug 06, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/14/2013

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Page | 1
 
SPECIAL REPORT
MORTGAGES
 –
HOW SERIOUS IS THE PROBLEM?AUGUST 2009
 
Page | 2
Executive Summary
Throughout this report a comprehensive analysis is conducted on the U.S housing market and associatedmortgages. The current market situation as well as some of its history is presented, which leads us into theU.S residential mortgage market. Seeing that most subprime mortgages have either been modified ordeclared default, we are about to face the second wave of resets within so-
called option ARM’s and Alt
-Amortgages. It is difficult to rightfully predict any amounts because of the fragmented nature of the U.Shousing and mortgage market, as well as when U.S banks still have considerable freedom regarding when torealize losses and how they mark-to-market. Early predictions for subprime losses ranged from a couple ofbillion dollars up to a few hundred, but so far actual losses and writedowns for financial institutions in theU.S have reached $1Tn according to Bloomberg. If looking forward we expect total losses from
option ARM’s
and Alt-A mortgages to exceed the ones of subprime, adding up to around $1.2Tn in 2012.
Table of Contents
 
Page | 3
The U.S Housing Market
During the period 2000-2006 house prices increased on average by an annual rate of 9%, much because ofthe widespread and cheap financing that was available. Not only interest rates were kept low, but a new setof mortgages became popular, e.g. subprime, Alt-
A and option ARM’s.
A resemblance between the three isthat they have facilitated for consumers to buy houses they could not really afford, at least not for themoment. Indirectly, all these mortgage holders were speculating on continuing rising house prices and it allwent fine as long as houses kept increasing in value.However, in 2006 house prices began to decline as one can see in the graph below. House prices havedeclined by up to 30% in some regions since its peak and have either eliminated or turned almost all pre-existing home-equity negative. As prime mortgage holders, which mean people with good credithistory/stable income/low DTI etc., now start to default on their monthly payments we will eventuallybegin to see further rising default and foreclosure rates. Furthermore, there is evidence showing that somebanks allow people that already have defaulted on their loans or going through foreclosure to stay in theirhomes. The rationale for this is simple because instead of having to mark-to-market the value of themortgage (upon foreclosure), which obviously is worth much less than it is stated in the books, banks foregointerest payments.
020406080100120140160180200Case-Shiller U.S HPI3mhts Trailing Average
 
Source: Bloomberg and Saxo Bank Research &Strategy 

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