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H1N1 Web Update 2008-2009

H1N1 Web Update 2008-2009

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Published by rortegao
Tabla comparativa de la resistencia al oseltamivir (tamiflu) durante el cuarto trimestre del 2008 y enero del 2009. Creada por la OMS
Tabla comparativa de la resistencia al oseltamivir (tamiflu) durante el cuarto trimestre del 2008 y enero del 2009. Creada por la OMS

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Published by: rortegao on Aug 06, 2009
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Influenza A(H1N1) virus resistance to oseltamivir - 2008/2009 influenza season,northern hemisphere18 March 2009
During weeks 1-4 (28 December 08 – 24 January 09), the level of overall influenza activity in theworld increased. In Europe, most countries reported regional or widespread activity with influenzaA (H3) viruses predominating. Widespread influenza A activity (H1 and H3) was reported inJapan. In Canada, Hong Kong SAR and the United States, influenza activity increased butremained relatively low. Sporadic influenza activity was observed in Brazil (A), Croatia (H1,H3, B),Greece (H1, H3, B), Iran (H1, H3), Mongolia (A), Portugal (H1, H3, B), Serbia (H1, H3, B),Singapore (H1, H3, B), Slovakia (H3) and Turkey (H3, B).During this period, a total of 30 countries from all WHO regions reported oseltamivir resistance for1291 of 1362 A(H1N1) viruses analysed. The prevalence of oseltamivir resistance was very highin the following countries/territory: Canada (52 of 52 tested), Hong Kong SAR (72 of 80), Japan(420 of 422), the Republic of Korea (268 of 269) and the United States of America (237 of 241).The resistance prevalence was relatively low in China (6 of 44 tested). In Europe, H1N1circulation was low during this period while the resistance prevalence was high: France (12 of 12tested), Germany (66 of 67), Ireland (9 of 10), Italy (16 of 16), Sweden (11 of 12) and the UnitedKingdom (61 of 62).WHO is collecting global data about this phenomenon from multiple laboratories participating inGlobal Influenza Surveillance Network. Data from European countries participating in EISS wereprovided by theEISSandVirGilproject. This summary table will be updated regularly (every four weeks).Oseltamivir resistance results were based on phenotypic and/or genotypic analyses.
A comprehensive table of influenza A(H1N1)virus resistance to oseltamivir (Fourth quarter2008 - 31 January 2009) can be found on the following page.
RegionCountry, area or territoryNo. ofH1N1isolatestested
AFROGhana11Madagascar70AFRO Total81AMROArgentina10Canada5252 (100%)Costa Rica10Mexico54Puerto Rico11United States of America241237(98%)AMRO Total301294 (98%)EMROMarocco1010 (100%)EMRO Total1010 (100%)EUROFrance1212 (100%)Germany6766 (99%)Greece11Ireland109 (90%)Israel11Italy1616 (100%)Netherlands44Norway99Portugal33Russian Federation65Slovakia11Spain55Sweden1211 (92%)United Kingdom6261(98%)EURO Total209204 (98%)SEAROIndia66Thailand65SEARO Total1211 (92%)WPROChina446 (14%)China, Hong Kong SAR8072 (90%)Japan422420 (100%)Republic of Korea269268 (100%)Singapore75WPRO Total822771 (94%)Grand Total13621291 (95%)
† Percentage (%) is not shown if the number of viruses tested was less than 10.
No.(%) of viruses testedpositive for oseltamivirresistance†
Table 1. Influenza A(H1N1) virus resistance to oseltamivir(Fourth quarter 2008 - 31 January 2009) as of 18 Mar 2009
Country, area or territoryNo. of H1N1isolatestested
AFROCameroon22Ghana2213 (59%)Ivory Coast52Kenya91Madagascar90Mauritius11Nigeria11Senegal1010 (100%)Seychelles85South Africa225225 (100%)AFRO Total292260 (89%)AMROArgentina3618 (50%)Brazil184 (22%)Canada21Chile9012 (13%)Colombia10Costa Rica1914 (74%)El Salvador3221 (66%)Guadeloupe10Guatemala54Honduras85Mexico31Nicaragua130Panama90Paraguay10Peru90United States of America103 (30%)Uruguay1714 (82%)Venezuela11AMRO Total27598 (36%)EMROJordan21EMRO Total21EURONetherlands21Norway86Russian Federation209 (45%)United Kingdom11EURO Total3117 (55%)SEAROIndia10Thailand120SEARO Total130WPROAustralia7671 (93%)China, Hong Kong SAR58397 (17%)Japan71Malaysia80New Caledonia77New Zealand22Philippines1110 (91%)Singapore63
Table 2. Influenza A(H1N1) virus resistance to oseltamivir(1 April 2008 - 30 September 2008) as of 15Jan 2009
No.(%) of viruses testedpositive for oseltamivirresistance†

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