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Anguilla National Energy Policy, Draft July 2008

Anguilla National Energy Policy, Draft July 2008

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Published by Detlef Loy
Draft of a National Energy Policy for the Caribbean island state of Anguilla, version of July 2008.
Draft of a National Energy Policy for the Caribbean island state of Anguilla, version of July 2008.

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Published by: Detlef Loy on Aug 06, 2009
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09/13/2010

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DRAFT
THE ANGUILLA NATIONALENERGY POLICY: 2008-2020
The Government of Anguilla
 
Office of the Chief Minister:July 2008 
 
 THE ANGUILLA NATIONAL ENERGY POLICY 2 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1: UNDERSTANDING THE POTENTIAL CRISIS
1.1 Historic Background: Anguilla and Energy Independence 31.2 Anguilla and Climate Change 51.3 Mandate for a Sustainable Energy Supply 71.4 Key Energy Policy Goals 81.5 Energy Independence and Tourism 8
 
SECTION 2: STRATEGIES FOR CHANGE
2.1 Fostering Renewable Energy 102.2 Rethinking Transportation 122.3 Enhancing Electricity Sector Performance 142.4 Generating Power Efficiently 162.5 Promoting Energy Efficiency and Conservation 182.6 Financing Renewable Energy 202.7 Building a Broad Community Movement 21
SECTION 3: APPENDICES
Appendix A: Glossary of Terms 23Appendix B: Resource List 26Appendix C: Members of the National Energy Policy Committee 27
 
 THE ANGUILLA NATIONAL ENERGY POLICY 3 
UNDERSTANDING THE POTENTIAL CRISIS
-
SECTION I -
1.1
 
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND:ANGUILLA AND ENERGY INDEPENDENCE
It is historically accurate to conclude, that energy, or more exactly the absence of it, wasone of the prime causes of the Anguilla Revolution of 1967. The cauldron of discontentwith the Colonial arrangement of St. Kitts, Nevis and Anguilla which manifested itself asearly as 1825, boiled over into a crescendo of rebellion one hundred and forty-two yearslater largely as a result of the glaring absence of what was then popularly considered tobe four commonplace markers of modernity. Those four markers in the eyes of rebelswere, (1) Political autonomy, (2) Decent roads, (3) Basic health and educational servicesand (4) Electricity.It is also historically accurate to note that following the British invasion of 1969 one of the key areas of friction between U.K. officials and the former leaders of the revolutionwas the issue of island-wide electrification.The insistence on the part of those Leaders for that “marker” to be obtained, continuedunabated until a nascent Power Plant and Ice Plant was erected in The Valley and gradu-ally grew in generation to expand its reach outwards from The Valley towards the eastand the west, until all major villages were electrified by 1984.In 1991 the Anguilla Electricity Company, Ltd. (ANGLEC) emerged as an efficient andwell-run state-owned company. The Utility’s demonstrable efficiency diminished politi-cal controversy, and a further entrenchment of the Utility’s centrality to the island’s po-litical and economic life was achieved in 2003 when 60% of Anglec’s shares were mar-keted and sold to Anguillians.It is now evident that Anguilla has been transformed into a thoroughly energy-dependenteconomy. The markers of modernity have been achieved. But that achievement has beencoupled to the reality of looming threats to the local environment and the economic threatof the island’s total dependence on fossil fuels, a finite commodity under increasingworldwide demand.The successful growth of a new tourist industry, boosted in 2002 by new and relativelylarge tourism projects have exponentially increased the demand for power as all sectorsof the economy have surged with the building boom. But the demands of growing com-petition in the tourist sector from other facilities in the region and the world, coupled withthe high and increasing price of fossil fuels, and the Island’s present complete and total

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