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Upper Time Limit, Its Gradient Curvature, and MatterRatings:

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Published by zadanliran

Eytan H. Suchard's revolutionary work incorporates a Chronon Field, first proposed in Sam Vaknin's Ph.D. dissertation in 1982 ( scroll down for details, or go here for more: http://www.narcissistic-abuse.com/time.html )

“Upper Time Limit, Its Gradient Curvature, and Matter” by Eytan H. Suchard

First published in Journal of Modern Physics and Applications 2014, 2014:5 http://scik.org/index.php/jmpa/article/view/1317/640

Abstract

"Einstein equation of Gravity has on one side the momentum energy density tensor and on the other, Einstein tensor which is derived from Ricci curvature tensor. A better theory of gravity will have both sides geometric. One way to achieve this goal is to develop a new measure of time not as a coordinate but as a scalar field that will be independent of the choice of coordinates. One natural nominee for such time is the upper limit of measurable proper time measured along the longest geodesic curve from near the "big bang", either as a set of events or as a singularity, to any event. By this, the author constructs a scalar field of an upper limit of measurable time. Time, however, is measured by material clocks. What is the maximal time, that can be measured by a small microscopic clock, when our curve starts near the "big bang" - event or events - and ends at an event within the nucleus of an atom ? Will our tiny clock move along geodesic curves or will it move along a non geodesic curve within matter ? It is almost paradoxical that a test particle in General Relativity will always move along geodesic curves but the motion of matter within the particle, may not be geodesic at all. For example, the ground of the Earth does not move at geodesic speed. Where there is no matter, we choose a curve from near "big bang" event or events, to an event such that the time measured is maximal. The gravitational field, causes that more than one such curves intersect at events, which could results in discontinuity of the gradient of the scalar field of time. The discontinuity can be avoided only if we give up on measurement along geodesic curves where there is matter. In other words, our tiny test particle clock will experience force when it travels within matter."

From my 1982 Ph.D. dissertation, titled "Time Asymmetry Revisited" (California Miramar University, available on Microfiche in UMI and from the Library of Congress):

"Time does not feature in the equations describing the world of elementary particles and in some boundary astrophysical conditions. There, there is time symmetry. The world of the macro, on the other hand, is time asymmetric. Time is, therefore, an epiphenomenon: it does not characterize the parts – though it emerges as a main property of the whole, as an extensive parameter of macro systems.

In my doctoral dissertation (Ph.D. Thesis available on Microfiche in UMI and from the Library of Congress), I postulate the existence of a particle (chronon). Time is the result of the interaction of chronons, very much as other forces in nature are "transferred" in such interactions. The Chronon is a time "atom" (actually, an elementary particle, a time "quark"). We can postulate the existence of various time quarks (up, down, colors, etc.) whose properties cancel each other (in pairs, etc.) and thus derive the time arrow (time asymmetry). My postulated particle (chronon) is not only an ideal clock, but also mediates time itself (same like the relationship between the Higgs boson and mass.) In other words: I propose that what we call "time" is the interaction between chronons in a field. The field IS time itself. Chronons exchange between them a particle and thereby exert a force. "Events" are perturbations in the Time Field and they are distinct from chronon interactions. Chronon interactions (=particle exchange) in the Time Field generate "time" (small t) and "time asymmetry" as we observe them. My work is, therefore, a Field Theory of Time."

“Upper Time Limit, Its Gradient Curvature, and Matter” by Eytan H. Suchard

First published in Journal of Modern Physics and Applications 2014, 2014:5 http://scik.org/index.php/jmpa/article/view/1317/640

Abstract

"Einstein equation of Gravity has on one side the momentum energy density tensor and on the other, Einstein tensor which is derived from Ricci curvature tensor. A better theory of gravity will have both sides geometric. One way to achieve this goal is to develop a new measure of time not as a coordinate but as a scalar field that will be independent of the choice of coordinates. One natural nominee for such time is the upper limit of measurable proper time measured along the longest geodesic curve from near the "big bang", either as a set of events or as a singularity, to any event. By this, the author constructs a scalar field of an upper limit of measurable time. Time, however, is measured by material clocks. What is the maximal time, that can be measured by a small microscopic clock, when our curve starts near the "big bang" - event or events - and ends at an event within the nucleus of an atom ? Will our tiny clock move along geodesic curves or will it move along a non geodesic curve within matter ? It is almost paradoxical that a test particle in General Relativity will always move along geodesic curves but the motion of matter within the particle, may not be geodesic at all. For example, the ground of the Earth does not move at geodesic speed. Where there is no matter, we choose a curve from near "big bang" event or events, to an event such that the time measured is maximal. The gravitational field, causes that more than one such curves intersect at events, which could results in discontinuity of the gradient of the scalar field of time. The discontinuity can be avoided only if we give up on measurement along geodesic curves where there is matter. In other words, our tiny test particle clock will experience force when it travels within matter."

From my 1982 Ph.D. dissertation, titled "Time Asymmetry Revisited" (California Miramar University, available on Microfiche in UMI and from the Library of Congress):

"Time does not feature in the equations describing the world of elementary particles and in some boundary astrophysical conditions. There, there is time symmetry. The world of the macro, on the other hand, is time asymmetric. Time is, therefore, an epiphenomenon: it does not characterize the parts – though it emerges as a main property of the whole, as an extensive parameter of macro systems.

In my doctoral dissertation (Ph.D. Thesis available on Microfiche in UMI and from the Library of Congress), I postulate the existence of a particle (chronon). Time is the result of the interaction of chronons, very much as other forces in nature are "transferred" in such interactions. The Chronon is a time "atom" (actually, an elementary particle, a time "quark"). We can postulate the existence of various time quarks (up, down, colors, etc.) whose properties cancel each other (in pairs, etc.) and thus derive the time arrow (time asymmetry). My postulated particle (chronon) is not only an ideal clock, but also mediates time itself (same like the relationship between the Higgs boson and mass.) In other words: I propose that what we call "time" is the interaction between chronons in a field. The field IS time itself. Chronons exchange between them a particle and thereby exert a force. "Events" are perturbations in the Time Field and they are distinct from chronon interactions. Chronon interactions (=particle exchange) in the Time Field generate "time" (small t) and "time asymmetry" as we observe them. My work is, therefore, a Field Theory of Time."

Eytan H. Suchard's revolutionary work incorporates a Chronon Field, first proposed in Sam Vaknin's Ph.D. dissertation in 1982 ( scroll down for details, or go here for more: http://www.narcissistic-abuse.com/time.html )

“Upper Time Limit, Its Gradient Curvature, and Matter” by Eytan H. Suchard

First published in Journal of Modern Physics and Applications 2014, 2014:5 http://scik.org/index.php/jmpa/article/view/1317/640

Abstract

"Einstein equation of Gravity has on one side the momentum energy density tensor and on the other, Einstein tensor which is derived from Ricci curvature tensor. A better theory of gravity will have both sides geometric. One way to achieve this goal is to develop a new measure of time not as a coordinate but as a scalar field that will be independent of the choice of coordinates. One natural nominee for such time is the upper limit of measurable proper time measured along the longest geodesic curve from near the "big bang", either as a set of events or as a singularity, to any event. By this, the author constructs a scalar field of an upper limit of measurable time. Time, however, is measured by material clocks. What is the maximal time, that can be measured by a small microscopic clock, when our curve starts near the "big bang" - event or events - and ends at an event within the nucleus of an atom ? Will our tiny clock move along geodesic curves or will it move along a non geodesic curve within matter ? It is almost paradoxical that a test particle in General Relativity will always move along geodesic curves but the motion of matter within the particle, may not be geodesic at all. For example, the ground of the Earth does not move at geodesic speed. Where there is no matter, we choose a curve from near "big bang" event or events, to an event such that the time measured is maximal. The gravitational field, causes that more than one such curves intersect at events, which could results in discontinuity of the gradient of the scalar field of time. The discontinuity can be avoided only if we give up on measurement along geodesic curves where there is matter. In other words, our tiny test particle clock will experience force when it travels within matter."

From my 1982 Ph.D. dissertation, titled "Time Asymmetry Revisited" (California Miramar University, available on Microfiche in UMI and from the Library of Congress):

"Time does not feature in the equations describing the world of elementary particles and in some boundary astrophysical conditions. There, there is time symmetry. The world of the macro, on the other hand, is time asymmetric. Time is, therefore, an epiphenomenon: it does not characterize the parts – though it emerges as a main property of the whole, as an extensive parameter of macro systems.

In my doctoral dissertation (Ph.D. Thesis available on Microfiche in UMI and from the Library of Congress), I postulate the existence of a particle (chronon). Time is the result of the interaction of chronons, very much as other forces in nature are "transferred" in such interactions. The Chronon is a time "atom" (actually, an elementary particle, a time "quark"). We can postulate the existence of various time quarks (up, down, colors, etc.) whose properties cancel each other (in pairs, etc.) and thus derive the time arrow (time asymmetry). My postulated particle (chronon) is not only an ideal clock, but also mediates time itself (same like the relationship between the Higgs boson and mass.) In other words: I propose that what we call "time" is the interaction between chronons in a field. The field IS time itself. Chronons exchange between them a particle and thereby exert a force. "Events" are perturbations in the Time Field and they are distinct from chronon interactions. Chronon interactions (=particle exchange) in the Time Field generate "time" (small t) and "time asymmetry" as we observe them. My work is, therefore, a Field Theory of Time."

“Upper Time Limit, Its Gradient Curvature, and Matter” by Eytan H. Suchard

First published in Journal of Modern Physics and Applications 2014, 2014:5 http://scik.org/index.php/jmpa/article/view/1317/640

Abstract

"Einstein equation of Gravity has on one side the momentum energy density tensor and on the other, Einstein tensor which is derived from Ricci curvature tensor. A better theory of gravity will have both sides geometric. One way to achieve this goal is to develop a new measure of time not as a coordinate but as a scalar field that will be independent of the choice of coordinates. One natural nominee for such time is the upper limit of measurable proper time measured along the longest geodesic curve from near the "big bang", either as a set of events or as a singularity, to any event. By this, the author constructs a scalar field of an upper limit of measurable time. Time, however, is measured by material clocks. What is the maximal time, that can be measured by a small microscopic clock, when our curve starts near the "big bang" - event or events - and ends at an event within the nucleus of an atom ? Will our tiny clock move along geodesic curves or will it move along a non geodesic curve within matter ? It is almost paradoxical that a test particle in General Relativity will always move along geodesic curves but the motion of matter within the particle, may not be geodesic at all. For example, the ground of the Earth does not move at geodesic speed. Where there is no matter, we choose a curve from near "big bang" event or events, to an event such that the time measured is maximal. The gravitational field, causes that more than one such curves intersect at events, which could results in discontinuity of the gradient of the scalar field of time. The discontinuity can be avoided only if we give up on measurement along geodesic curves where there is matter. In other words, our tiny test particle clock will experience force when it travels within matter."

From my 1982 Ph.D. dissertation, titled "Time Asymmetry Revisited" (California Miramar University, available on Microfiche in UMI and from the Library of Congress):

"Time does not feature in the equations describing the world of elementary particles and in some boundary astrophysical conditions. There, there is time symmetry. The world of the macro, on the other hand, is time asymmetric. Time is, therefore, an epiphenomenon: it does not characterize the parts – though it emerges as a main property of the whole, as an extensive parameter of macro systems.

In my doctoral dissertation (Ph.D. Thesis available on Microfiche in UMI and from the Library of Congress), I postulate the existence of a particle (chronon). Time is the result of the interaction of chronons, very much as other forces in nature are "transferred" in such interactions. The Chronon is a time "atom" (actually, an elementary particle, a time "quark"). We can postulate the existence of various time quarks (up, down, colors, etc.) whose properties cancel each other (in pairs, etc.) and thus derive the time arrow (time asymmetry). My postulated particle (chronon) is not only an ideal clock, but also mediates time itself (same like the relationship between the Higgs boson and mass.) In other words: I propose that what we call "time" is the interaction between chronons in a field. The field IS time itself. Chronons exchange between them a particle and thereby exert a force. "Events" are perturbations in the Time Field and they are distinct from chronon interactions. Chronon interactions (=particle exchange) in the Time Field generate "time" (small t) and "time asymmetry" as we observe them. My work is, therefore, a Field Theory of Time."

Published by: zadanliran on Nov 06, 2013

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/181994099/Upper-Time-Limit-Its-Gradient-Curvature-and-Matter

12/05/2013

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original

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Corresponding author Received September 24, 2013

1

Available online at http://scik.org J. Mod. Phys. Appl. 2014, 2014:5 ISSN 2051-5480

UPPER TIME LIMIT, ITS GRADIENT CURVATURE AND MATTER

EYTAN H. SUCHARD R & D Algorithms Department, ANB/ANT

–

Applied Neural Biometrics/Technology Netanya Israel

Copyright © 2014 E. Suchard. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract:

Einstein equation of Gravity has on one side the momentum energy density tensor and on the other, Einstein tensor which is derived from Ricci curvature tensor. A better theory of gravity will have both sides geometric. One way to achieve this goal is to develop a new measure of time not as a coordinate but as a scalar field that will be independent of the choice of coordinates. One natural nominee for such time is the upper limit of measurable proper time measured along the longest geodesic curve from near the "big bang", either as a set of events or as a singularity, to any event. By this, the author constructs a scalar field of an upper limit of measurable time. Time, however, is measured by material clocks. What is the maximal time, that can be measured by a small microscopic clock, when our curve starts near the "big bang" - event or events - and ends at an event within the nucleus of an atom ? Will our tiny clock move along geodesic curves or will it move along a non geodesic curve within matter ? It is almost paradoxical that a test particle in General Relativity will always move along geodesic curves but the motion of matter within the particle, may not be geodesic at all. For example, the ground of the Earth does not move at geodesic speed. Where there is no matter, we choose a curve from near "big bang" event or events, to an event such that the time measured is maximal. The gravitational field, causes that more than one such curves intersect at events, which could results in discontinuity of the gradient of the scalar field of time. The discontinuity can be avoided only if we give up on measurement along geodesic curves where there is matter. In other words, our tiny test particle clock will experience force when it travels within matter.

Keywords:

Time;Foliation;Field Curvature;General Relativity;Quantum Gravity;Ashtekar Variables

2 EYTAN H. SUCHARD

Table of contents

1. Introduction ................................................................................................................................. 3 2. Tensor formalism of the Square Curvature of a conserving field ............................................. 10 3. Classical non-relativistic limit - passive acceleration energy difference .................................. 13 4. Classical non-relativistic limit

predicted small acceleration of uncharged particles in an electric field ....................................................................................................................................... 14 5. Classical non-relativistic limit

tidal force .............................................................................. 16 6. The equation of gravity ............................................................................................................. 16 7. Quantum Gravity in a nutshell .................................................................................................. 18 8. Noether's theorem ..................................................................................................................... 21 9. Vaknin's Chronon fields ........................................................................................................... 21 10. Proof that SquareCurvature is the square (to the second power of) conserving field curvature ............................................................................................................................................ 23 11. Locally separable coordinates ................................................................................................... 24 12. Unsynchronizability .................................................................................................................. 26 13. History of the paper's concept of time ...................................................................................... 26 14. Conservation of known matter from the Euler Lagrange Equations ........................................ 27 15. Chameleon Fields or Pressure ? ................................................................................................ 28 16. Acknowledgement .................................................................................................................... 29 17. Conclusions

test for the theory .............................................................................................. 30 18. Appendix A: The Euler Lagrange Equations of the SquareCurvature action ........................... 31 19. Appendix B: The scalar time field of the Schwarzschild solution ............................................ 34 20. Appendix B2: Approximated validity test at the Planck scale.................................................. 40 21. Appendix C: Ashtekar variables in the description of a non-gravitational acceleration field 42

UPPER TIME LIMIT, ITS GRADIENT CURVATURE AND MATTER 3

1.

Introduction

A)

The principles of the presented theory All the following paper is an improvement of an early paper [1].

If spacetime is homotopic to either a single creation event or to a set of creation events from which we can say the cosmos started its expansion, then maximal proper time curves can be drawn between that event and any other event and therefore attach a time value to any event in space time. Intersections of such curves, however, prevent the global use of a single curve as a time coordinate but does not prevent definition of such time as a scalar field. Although the big bang is either a singularity event or singularity initial events, it is impossible that unbound time can be measured from an event backwards to near big bang. Such unbound measurement is inconsistent with any physical reality. Along these curves, we can imagine a tiny clock that travels and measures time. It is an important point that not the time is a field, but its upper measurable value by a clock particle is, see [2]

for Sam Vaknin’s ide

a of Chronon.

A new principle of equivalence and an anecdote of gradient continuity: The gradient of the upper limit of measurable time from an event, back to near big bang - event or events - is continuous. Clock tick is different under space location due to gravity. The scalar field therefore, has a significant gradient by space. Where there is matter, however, different upper-limit-of-measurable-time curves may intersect. Therefore, at intersection events, the gradient of the scalar field can't be parallel to all of the curves. The result of this short argument is that a test particle moving along an-upper-limit-of-measurable-time-curves will not undergo parallel translation and will be non-geodesic near matter. This fact is a strong motivation to offer an intrinsic curvature operator of the gradient of the upper limit of measurable time as equivalent to matter.

The definition of event: The paper does not deal with a description of the coordinate of time. The coordinate of time is not subject to any equations! The upper limit on measurable time from the past to an event is subject to such

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