3. Depend on the depth and not on the surface No one intentionally tries to be shallow, but many of us allow haste or lack of confidencein our own judgment to cause us to rely on received ideas, prejudices and clichés.Particularly when it comes to your spiritual life, it is important to investigate anyteaching for yourself. There is no call for blind faith in Buddhism. On the contrary, youcannot make progress on the Buddhist path unless you are willing to go beyond popular notions.In Buddhism, it is particularly important to try to see below the surface. Buddha gaveteachings at different levels depending on the aptitude of his audience, whether beginnersor advanced practitioners. Yet, even beginning teachings can express profound messagesfor the highly qualified practitioners who are able to de-code them.More importantly, you need to be able to think deeply to get any benefit from dharma atall. Let me explain.If you have a problem, you should seek a solution appropriate to the problem. If your problem is simple, you can find a quick, easy solution. But if your problem is complex,you will need a powerful remedy. And if your problem is the most profound problem thathumans or living beings can experience—the problem of suffering and existence—thenyou will need a deep solution, the most profound remedy available.If you have no ignorance, then you don’t need to deal with ignorance. Buddhadharmagives us the directions to get to enlightenment. To draw the quality of enlightenment outof the stuff of our everyday ignorance, dharma has to be applied to every aspect of thatignorance itself. In this way, the solution will come directly out of our problems. Afamous Buddhist text by the ancient Indian philosopher Vasubandhu, theAbhidharmakosha (“The Treasury of Manifest Dharma”), says that if you practice usingremedies for small problems, then eventually you will chip away at your biggest problem,ignorance itself.Thus, the strongest confusion can be cured by the simplest meditation. For example, youcan decrease sexual desire by meditating on dead bodies. Yet, the most subtle confusioncan only be solved by the most profound wisdom. Thus, it requires the profoundDiamond Samadhi, the final level of meditative absorption before enlightenment, to endthe tiny obscuration that remains at the end of the Buddhist path.Following this precept means that you yourself should not be satisfied with shallowthinking and that you should encourage others to judge deeply as well.4. Depend on wisdom and not on conceptsI will be very brief here. This final maxim is the most profound, but we can say very littleabout it.It is mainly intended for serious meditators. Gaining wisdom means realizing the natureof mind. To do this, you cannot rely on dualistic consciousness; you will go through tothe non-dualistic mind, which we call wisdom. Meditators depend on the non-dualisticmind and not on the normal dualistic mind. They know that language, logic and reasonare limited and cannot give access to ultimate reality, so they do not put much stock inthese.