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Basic Human Physiology

Basic Human Physiology

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Published by kbgann
U.S. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL
SUBCOURSE MD0007
BASIC HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
INTRODUCTION
In this subcourse, you will study basic human physiology. Anatomy is the study
of body structure. Physiology is the study of body functions, particularly at the cellular
level. Anatomy and physiology are two subject matter areas that are vitally important to
most medical MOSs. Do your best to achieve the objectives of this subcourse. As a
result, you will be better able to perform your job or medical MOS.
Subcourse Components:
This subcourse consists of 14 lessons and an examination. The lessons are:
Lesson 1, Introduction to Basic Human Physiology.
Lesson 2, Physiology of Cells and Miscellaneous Tissues.
Lesson 3, Envelopes of the Body.
Lesson 4, The Skeletal System.
Lesson 5, Physiology and Actions of Muscles.
Lesson 6, The Human Digestive System.
Lesson 7, The Human Respiratory System and Breathing.
Lesson 8, The Human Urinary System.
Lesson 9, The Human Reproductive (Genital) System.
Lesson 10, Cardiovascular and Other Circulatory Systems of the Human Body.
Lesson 11, The Human Endocrine System.
Lesson 12, The Human Nervous System.
Lesson 13, The Special Senses.
Lesson 14, Some Elementary Human Genetics.
MD0007 vii
Study of functions of the human body and systems
U.S. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL
SUBCOURSE MD0007
BASIC HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
INTRODUCTION
In this subcourse, you will study basic human physiology. Anatomy is the study
of body structure. Physiology is the study of body functions, particularly at the cellular
level. Anatomy and physiology are two subject matter areas that are vitally important to
most medical MOSs. Do your best to achieve the objectives of this subcourse. As a
result, you will be better able to perform your job or medical MOS.
Subcourse Components:
This subcourse consists of 14 lessons and an examination. The lessons are:
Lesson 1, Introduction to Basic Human Physiology.
Lesson 2, Physiology of Cells and Miscellaneous Tissues.
Lesson 3, Envelopes of the Body.
Lesson 4, The Skeletal System.
Lesson 5, Physiology and Actions of Muscles.
Lesson 6, The Human Digestive System.
Lesson 7, The Human Respiratory System and Breathing.
Lesson 8, The Human Urinary System.
Lesson 9, The Human Reproductive (Genital) System.
Lesson 10, Cardiovascular and Other Circulatory Systems of the Human Body.
Lesson 11, The Human Endocrine System.
Lesson 12, The Human Nervous System.
Lesson 13, The Special Senses.
Lesson 14, Some Elementary Human Genetics.
MD0007 vii
Study of functions of the human body and systems

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Published by: kbgann on Aug 07, 2009
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10/18/2012

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U. S. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOLFORT SAM HOUSTON, TEXAS 78234
MD0007
BASIC HUMAN PHYSIOLOGYEDITION 100
 
MD0007 i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LessonParagraphsPageINTRODUCTION ......................................................... vii1INTRODUCTION TO BASIC HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY.......1-1--1-101-2Exercises.........................................................1-72PHYSIOLOGY OF CELLS AND MISCELLANEOUS TISSUESSection I. Cells.........................................................2-1--2-32-2Section II. Body Fluids...............................................2-4--2-92-4Section III. Homeostasis.............................................2-10--2-142-8Section IV. Cell Growth and Multiplication.................2-15--2-162-11Section V. Epithelial Cells and Tissues....................2-17--2-222-11Section VI. Fibrous Connective Tissue (FCT)...........2-23--2-272-13Section VII. Fatty Tissues...........................................2-28--2-352-15Exercises.........................................................2-173ENVELOPES OF THE BODYSection I. Introduction...............................................3-1--3-33-2Section II. Integument Proper....................................3-4--3-103-3Section III. Integumentary Derivatives........................3-11--3-143-5Section IV. Functions of the Integumentary System..3-13--3-193-6Section V. Subcutaneous Layer...............................3-20--3-223-7Section VI. Investing Deep Fascia.............................3-23--3-253-8Section VII. Body Temperature Control......................3-26--3-313-9Section VIII. Vitamin D Production..............................3-32--3-343-11Section IX. Superficial Wound Healing......................3-35--3-383-12Section X. General Adaptations of Grasping/ Holding....................................................3-39--3-403-12Section XI. Variations in Penetration.........................3-41--3-423-13Exercises.........................................................3-144THE SKELETAL SYSTEMSection I. General.....................................................4-1--4-24-2Section II. Tissues and Tissue Processesof Skeletal Elements................................4-3--4-54-2Section III. Definition and Types of Bones.................4-6--4-74-3Section IV. A "Typical" Long Bone.............................4-8--4-94-4
 
MD0007 ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued)
LessonParagraphsPageSection V. A "Typical" Flat Bone...............................4-10--4-124-7Section VI. Sesamoid Bones.....................................4-13--4-144-9Section VII. Definition and Types of Joints.................4-15--4-184-9Section VIII. A "Typical Synovial Joint.........................4-19--4-264-10Section IX. The Axial Skeleton..................................4-27--4-354-12Section X. The Appendicular Skeleton.....................4-36--4-404-17Exercises.........................................................4-195PHYSIOLOGY AND ACTIONS OF MUSCLESSection I. Muscle Tissues.........................................5-1--5-55-2Section II. Skeletal Muscles......................................5-6--5-145-5Section III. Some Skeletomuscular Mechanics..........5-15--5-205-9Section IV. Nervous Control of Skeletal Muscles......5-21--5-245-13Exercises.........................................................5-166THE HUMAN DIGESTIVE SYSTEMSection I. Introduction...............................................6-1--6-36-2Section II. Ingestion and Initial Processing of Foods.6-4--6-76-5Section III. Swallowing (Deglutition)...........................6-8--6-116-6Section IV. Temporary Storage.................................6-12--6-146-7Section V. Digestion and Absorption........................6-15--6-226-8Section VI. Some Protective Mechanisms Associatedwith the Human Digestive System..........6-23--6-306-11Section VII. Vitamins..................................................6-31--6-336-13Section VIII. Elimination of Unused Materials.............6-34--6-376-14Exercises.........................................................6-167THE HUMAN RESPIRATORY SYSTEM AND BREATHINGSection I. Introduction...............................................7-1--7-47-2Section II. Introduction to Human Breathing .............7-5--7-97-4Section III. Costal ("Thoracic") Breathing...................7-10--7-137-6Section IV. Diaphragmatic ("Abdominal") Breathing .7-14--7-177-9Section V. Introduction to the Human RespiratorySystem....................................................7-18--7-197-10Section VI. The Supralaryngeal Structures...............7-20--7-247-10Section VII. Larynx.....................................................7-25--7-297-13

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