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Ma Ha 15

Ma Ha 15



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Published by: mustangdev on Aug 07, 2009
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The MahabharataofKrishna-Dwaipayana VyasaBOOK 15ASRAMAVASIKA PARVATranslated into English Prose from the Original Sanskrit TextbyKisari Mohan Ganguli[1883-1896]Scanned at sacred-texts.com, 2003. Proofed by John Bruno Hare.SECTION I(Asramavasa Parva)OM! AFTER HAVING bowed down to Narayana, and Nara, the foremost of men,and unto the goddess Saraswati also, must the word Jaya be uttered."Janamejaya said 'After having acquired their kingdom, how did mygrandsires, the high-souled Pandavas, conduct themselves towards thehigh-souled king Dhritarashtra? How, indeed, did that king who had allhis counsellors and sons slain, who was without a refuge, and whoseaffluence had disappeared, behave? How also did Gandhari of great fameconduct herself? For how many years did my high-souled grandsires rulethe kingdom? It behoveth thee to tell me all this.'"Vaisampayana said, 'Having got back their kingdom, the high-souledPandavas, their foes all slain, ruled the Earth, placing Dhritarashtra attheir head. Vidura, and Sanjaya and Yuyutsu of great intelligence, whowas Dhritarashtra's son by his Vaisya wife, used to wait uponDhritarashtra. The Pandavas used to take the opinion of that king in allmatters. Indeed, for ten and five years, they did all things under theadvice of the old king. Those heroes used very often to go to thatmonarch and sit beside him, after having worshipped his feet, agreeablyto the wishes of king Yudhishthira the just. They did all things underthe command of Dhritarashtra who smelt their heads in affection. Thedaughter of king Kuntibhoja also obeyed Gandhari in everything. Draupadiand Subhadra and the other ladies of the Pandavas behaved towards the oldking and the queen as if they were their own father-in-law andmother-in-law. Costly beds and robes and ornaments, and food and drinkand other enjoyable articles, in profusion and of such superior kinds aswere worthy of royal use, were presented by king Yudhishthira untoDhritarashtra. Similarly Kunti behaved towards Gandhari as towards a
senior. Vidura, and Sanjaya, and Yuyutsu, O thou of Karu's race, used toalways wait upon the old king whose sons had all been slain. The dearbrother-in-law of Drona, viz., the very Superior Brahmana, Kripa, thatmighty bowman, also attended upon the king. The holy Vyasa also used tooften meet with the old monarch and recite to him the histories of oldRishis and celestial ascetics and Pitris and Rakshasas. Vidura, under theorders of Dhritarashtra, superintended the discharge of all acts ofreligious merit and all that related to the administration of the law.Through the excellent policy of Vidura, by the expenditure of even asmall wealth, the Pandavas obtained numerous agreeable services fromtheir feudatories and followers. King Dhritarashtra liberated prisonersand pardoned those that were condemned to death. King Yudhishthira thejust never said anything to this. On those occasions when the son ofAmvika went on pleasure excursions, the Kuru king Yudhishthira of greatenergy used to give him every article of enjoyment. Aralikas, andjuice-makers, and makers of Ragakhandavas waited on king Dhritarashtra asbefore.[1] Pandu's son, collected costly robes and garlands of diversekinds and duly offered them to Dhritarashtra. Maireya wines, fish ofvarious kinds, and sherbets and honey, and many delightful kinds of foodprepared by modifications (of diverse articles), were caused to be madefor the old king as in his days of prosperity. Those kings of Earth whocame there one after another, all used to wait upon the old Kuru monarchas before. Kunti, and Draupadi, and she of the Sattwata race, possessedof great fame, and Ulupi, the daughter of the snake chief, and queenChitrangada, and the sister of Dhrishtaketu, and the daughter ofJarasandha,--these and many other ladies, O chief of men, used to waitupon the daughter of Suvala like maids of all work. That Dhritarashtra,who was deprived of all his children, might not feel unhappy in anymatter, was what Yudhishthira often said unto his brothers to see. Theyalso, on their part, listening to these commands of grave import fromking Yudhishthira, showed particular obedience to the old king. There wasone exception, however. It embraced Bhimasena. All that had followed fromthat match at dice which had been brought about by the wickedunderstanding of Dhritarashtra, did not disappear from the heart of thathero. (He remembered those incidents still)."'SECTION II"Vaisampayana said, 'Thus worshipped by the Pandavas, the royal soil ofAmvika passed his time happily as before, waited upon and honoured by theRishis. That perpetuator of Kuru's race used to make those foremost ofofferings which should be given to the Brahmanas. The royal son of Kuntialways placed those articles under Dhritarashtra's control. Destitute ofmalice as king Yudhishthira was, he was always affectionate towards hisuncle. Addressing his brothers and councillors, the king said, 'KingDhritarashtra should be honoured both by myself and you all. He. indeed,is a well-wisher of mine who is obedient to the commands ofDhritarashtra. He, on the other hand, who behaves otherwise towards him,is my enemy. Such a man should certainly be punished by me. On days ofperforming the rites ordained for the Pitris, as also in the Sraddhasperformed for his sons and all well-wishers, the high-souled Kuru kingDhritarashtra, gave away unto Brahmanas, as each deserved, as profusemeasures of wealth as he liked. King Yudhishthira the just, and Bhima,and Arjuna, and the twins, desirous of doing what was agreeable to theold king, used to execute all his orders. They always took care that theold king who was afflicted with the slaughter of his sons and
grandsons,--with, that is, grief caused by the Pandavasthemselves,--might not die of his grief Indeed, the Pandavas borethemselves towards him in such a way that that Kuru hero might not bedeprived of that happiness and all those articles of enjoyment which hadbeen his while his sons lived. The five brothers, viz., the sons ofPandu, behaved themselves even thus towards Dhritarashtra, living underhis command. Dhritarashtra also, seeing them so humble and obedient tohis commands and acting towards him as disciples towards preceptors,adopted the affectionate behaviour of a preceptor towards them in return.Gandhari, by performing the diverse rites of the Sraddha and making giftsunto Brahmanas of diverse objects of enjoyment, became freed from thedebt she owed to her slain children. Thus did that foremost of righteousmen, viz., king Yudhishthira the just, possessed of great intelligence,along with his brothers, worship king Dhritarashtra.'"Vaisampayana continued, 'Possessed of great energy, that perpetuator ofKuru's race, viz., the old king Dhritarashtra, could not notice anyill-will in Yudhishthira Seeing that the high-souled Pandavas were in theobservance of a wise and righteous conduct, king Dhritarashtra, the sonof Amvika, became gratified with them. Suvala's daughter, Gandhari,casting off all sorrow for her (slain) children, began to show greataffection for the Pandavas as if they were her own children. Endued withgreat energy, the Kuru king Yudhishthira, never did anything that wasdisagreeable to the royal son of Vichitraviryya. On the other hand, healways behaved towards him in a highly agreeable way. Whatever acts,grave or light, were directed by king Dhritarashtra, or the helplessGandhari to be done, were all accomplished with reverence, O monarch, bythat slayer of hostile heroes, viz., the Pandava king. The old kingbecame highly gratified with such conduct of Yudhishthira. Indeed, he wasgrieved at the remembrance of his own wicked son. Rising every day atearly dawn, he purified himself and went through his recitations, andthen blessed the Pandavas by wishing them victory in battle. Making theusual gifts unto the Brahmanas and causing them to utter benedictions,and Pouring libations on the sacred fire, the old king prayed for longlife to the Pandavas. Indeed, the king had never derived that greathappiness from his own sons which he always derived from the sons ofPandu. King Yudhishthira at that time became as agreeable to theBrahmanas as to the Kshatriyas, and the diverse bands of Vaisyas andSudras of his realm. Whatever wrongs were done to him by the sons ofDhritarashtra, king Yudhishthira, forgot them all, and reverenced hisuncle. If any man did anything that was not agreeable to the son ofAmvika, he became thereby an object of hatred to the intelligent son ofKunti. Indeed, through fear of Yudhishthira, nobody could talk of theevil deeds of either Duryodhana or Dhritarashtra. Both Gandhari andVidura also wore well pleased with the capacity the king Ajatasatrushowed for bearing wrongs. They were, however, not so pleased, O slayerof foes, with Bhima. Dharma's son, Yudhishthira, was truly obedient tohis uncle. Bhima, however, at the sight of Dhritarashtra, became verycheerless. That slayer of foes, seeing Dharma's son reverencing the oldking, reverenced him outwardly with a very unwilling heart."'SECTION III"Vaisampayana said, 'The people who lived in the Kuru kingdom failed tonotice any variance in the cordiality that subsisted between kingYudhishthira and the father of Duryodhana. When the Kuru king recollected

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