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ECLAC, Renewable Energies Potential in Jamaica, June 2005

ECLAC, Renewable Energies Potential in Jamaica, June 2005

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Published by Detlef Loy
UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC): Renewable Energies Potential in Jamaica. Author: Detlef Loy
UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC): Renewable Energies Potential in Jamaica. Author: Detlef Loy

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Published by: Detlef Loy on Aug 07, 2009
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12/07/2013

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 Project documents
Renewable energiespotential in Jamaica
 
Detlef Loy
(dloy@freenet.de)
 Manlio F. Coviello
 
Prepared in collaboration with the Ministry ofCommerce, Science and Technology of JamaicaJune 2005
 
Ministry of CommerceScience & TechnologyGovernment of Jamaica
 
 
This document has been prepared by the United Nation’s Economic Commission forLatin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) as part of a joint project with the GermanAgency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) entitled: “Promotion of EconomicDevelopment by the Integration of Environmental and Social Policy Approaches inLatin America and the Caribbean”, (GER/02/070).The report has been prepared by the international energy specialist and UNconsultant, Mr. Detlef Loy, and Mr. Manlio F. Coviello, Economic Affairs Officer,ECLAC, who also acted as activity supervisor.The entire work has been carried out in direct and strict coordination with thePermanent Secretary of the Ministry of Commerce, Science and Technology ofJamaica (MCST) –that acted as the official counterpart for ECLAC– in cooperationwith other governmental entities. In this regard, special mention has to be made to theGroup Managing Director of the Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica (PCJ), whostrongly supported the development of both field and conceptual work.
 
The text was reviewed by the project coordinator Mr. José Javier Gómez, EconomicAffairs Officer, ECLAC, and by the entities of the government of Jamaica involved inthe study, including the Ministry of Land and Environment, the Scientific ResearchCouncil, the Planning Institute of Jamaica/Ministry of Finance and Planning, and theWater Resources Authority.The views expressed in this document, which has been reproduced without formalediting, are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of theOrganizations.United Nations PublicationLC/W.18Copyright © United Nations, May 2005. All rights reservedPrinted in United Nations, Santiago of ChileApplications for the right to reproduce this work are welcomed and should be sent tothe Secretary of the Publications Board, United Nations Headquarters, New York,N.Y. 10017, U.S.A. Member States and their governmental institutions may reproducethis work without prior authorization, but are requested to mention the source andinform the United Nations of such reproduction.
 
ECLAC Project documents Renewable energies potential in Jamaica
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Contents
Abstract ........................................................................................................................................7Background....................................................................................................................................9Introduction...................................................................................................................................11I. Current energy situation in Jamaica.....................................................................................151. Energy balance.............................................................................................................152. Public electricity sector.................................................................................................163. Supply of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)........................................................................204. Rural electrification.......................................................................................................20II. Renewable energy policy.....................................................................................................211. Energy sector policy and strategy of 1995.....................................................................212. Co-generation policy 1995-1998....................................................................................223. Redesigning the jamaican energy policy.......................................................................23III. Wind energy..........................................................................................................................27IV. Hydropower..........................................................................................................................31V. Biomass energy....................................................................................................................341. Sugar industry in Jamaica..............................................................................................342. Cogeneration from bagasse...........................................................................................363. Bioethanol perspectives.................................................................................................404. Fuelwood........................................................................................................................455. Energy from organic waste............................................................................................46VI. Solar energy and other renewable energy technologies......................................................521. Solar radiation in Jamaica..............................................................................................522. Solar water heating........................................................................................................533. Photovoltaics..................................................................................................................554. Other renewable energy technologies...........................................................................55VII. Carbon market perspectives for Jamaica.............................................................................571. Clean development mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol............................................572. Emission trading system in the European Union...........................................................583. Carbon market perspectives in Jamaica........................................................................60VIII. Proposal for instruments & actions.......................................................................................63Bibliography..................................................................................................................................67Annexes ......................................................................................................................................75Box 1 Wigton wind farm..........................................................................................................76Box 2 Frome sugar factory......................................................................................................77

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