Plastics designed to degrade comparatively quickly include oxo-degradable and UVdegradable polymers that break down when exposed to oxygen or light respectively. .To qualify as bio-degradable, however, this degradation has to happen, at least in part, due tocell mediated phenomena or microorganisms. As a result the polymer is eventually reduced towater, carbon dioxide, biomass and possibly methane.To be considered as compostable it must meet some strict criteria as defined in national andinternational standards:
Biodegrade: break down into carbon dioxide, water and bio mass.
Disintegrate; after three months composting and subsequent sifting through a 2 mm sieveno more than 10% residue may remain.
Eco toxicity: the bio-degradation does not produce any toxic material and the compostcan sustain plant growth.
ContentWhat is a biodegradable plastic?
Firstly, it is an environmental-friendly plastic. It does not cause any harm or destruction toour environment. Secondly, it can be decompose, unlike typical and standard plastics. For example, they can easily decompose in natural environments such as composting and landfillenvironments. Thirdly, it would not harm human’s health when these plastic decompose intothe soil.
What does science say about biodegradable plastic?