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Biodegradable Plastics

Biodegradable Plastics



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Published by Mousey
This research paper is a research on biodegradable plastics, which is more or less common to the world. It describe simple statement on biodegradable plastics- advantage, disadvantage, definitions, usage and etc.
This research paper is a research on biodegradable plastics, which is more or less common to the world. It describe simple statement on biodegradable plastics- advantage, disadvantage, definitions, usage and etc.

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Published by: Mousey on Aug 07, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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A.L. Kelebit
Student’s Name: Amanda Libbie KelebitMatrix Number: 2009060149Major Course: Bsc. Mechanical EngineeringSubject’s Code: BIO 121School’s Name: Technology Park Malaysia CollegeLecturer’s Name: Miss Kok Yih YihDate of Submission: 6
August 2009Biodegradable Plastics
A.L. Kelebit
Plastics designed to degrade comparatively quickly include oxo-degradable and UVdegradable polymers that break down when exposed to oxygen or light respectively. .To qualify as bio-degradable, however, this degradation has to happen, at least in part, due tocell mediated phenomena or microorganisms. As a result the polymer is eventually reduced towater, carbon dioxide, biomass and possibly methane.To be considered as compostable it must meet some strict criteria as defined in national andinternational standards:
Biodegrade: break down into carbon dioxide, water and bio mass.
Disintegrate; after three months composting and subsequent sifting through a 2 mm sieveno more than 10% residue may remain.
Eco toxicity: the bio-degradation does not produce any toxic material and the compostcan sustain plant growth.
ContentWhat is a biodegradable plastic?
Firstly, it is an environmental-friendly plastic. It does not cause any harm or destruction toour environment. Secondly, it can be decompose, unlike typical and standard plastics. For example, they can easily decompose in natural environments such as composting and landfillenvironments. Thirdly, it would not harm human’s health when these plastic decompose intothe soil.
What does science say about biodegradable plastic?
A.L. Kelebit
Biodegradable plastic is a plastic that decompose in natural environment; aerobic(composting) and anaerobic (landfill) environment. It is a durable and degradable plastic.Biodegradable plastics typically are produced in two forms: injection molded (solid, 3Dshapes), typically in the form of disposable food service items, and films, typically sold ascollection bags for leaves and grass trimmings, and agricultural mulch.In theUnited States,ASTM Internationalis the authoritative body for defining biodegradable standards. The current ASTM standards are defined as standard specifications and standardtest methods. Standard specifications create a pass or fail scenario whereas standard testmethods identify the specific testing parameters for facilitating specific biodegradable testson plastics.
What are the applications and uses of biodegradable plastics?
Biodegradable plastics are a new generation of polymersemerging in the market.Biodegradable plastics have an expanding range of potential applications, and are driven bythe growing use of plastics in packaging and the perception that biodegradable plastics are'environmentally friendly', their use is predicted to increase. However, issues are alsoemerging regarding the use of biodegradable plastics and their potential impacts on theenvironment and effects on established recycling systems and technologies.
Why does biodegradable plastic differ from other plastic?
There are a lot of different plastics with different properties, but the main reason plastics arenon-biodegradable is because the chains of molecules called polymers that make up the plastic are too long and the bonds between the molecules are very strong to be broken down.So they will eventually be broken down, but it takes a lot longer than biodegradablematerials.

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