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A Decade of School Funding Cuts Reversed

A Decade of School Funding Cuts Reversed

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Published by Minnesota 2020
After a decade of cuts in real (i.e., inflation adjusted) per pupil state support for K-12 education, the FY 2014-15 budget passed during the 2013 legislation session provided a significant increase in state aid. The increase in state funding projected to occur from FY 2013 to FY 2015 under the recently approved budget is sufficient to replace about one-third of the real per pupil school district aid loss that occurred over the previous decade.
After a decade of cuts in real (i.e., inflation adjusted) per pupil state support for K-12 education, the FY 2014-15 budget passed during the 2013 legislation session provided a significant increase in state aid. The increase in state funding projected to occur from FY 2013 to FY 2015 under the recently approved budget is sufficient to replace about one-third of the real per pupil school district aid loss that occurred over the previous decade.

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Published by: Minnesota 2020 on Nov 07, 2013
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11/18/2013

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This report examines the change in per pupil operating revenue, levy, and aid for each Minnesota school district and the statewide school district total during the period from FY 2003 to projected FY 2015 based on the thirteen year revenue trends spreadsheet from the Minnesota Department of Education (MDE). Data for FY 2013 is preliminary, while data for FY 2014 and FY 2015 is projected based on the budget passed during the 2013 legislative session.  All revenue, levy, and aid amounts throughout this report are presented in constant FY 2014 dollars per pupil [
http://www.mn2020.org/issues-that-matter/scal-policy/taking-the-spin-out-of-ination-estimates
].This report includes:
• Graphs for each Minnesota school district showing the change in per pupil revenue, levy, and aid for each year from FY 2003 to FY 2015.• A table summarizing per pupil operating revenue, levy, and state aid for all Minnesota school districts
for FY 2003 (the rst year of the state takeover
of general education funding), FY 2012, and FY 2015 (the last year for which MDE projections are available). • A statewide graph showing the change since FY 2003 in per pupil revenue, levy, and aid for each year from FY 2004 to projected FY 2015.
From FY 2003 to FY 2012, total state operating aid per pupil received by Minnesota school districts fell from $10,061 to $8,248 (an 18.0% decline). This decline in state aid was accompanied by an increase in per pupil school property tax levies from $711 to $1,677 (a 135.9% increase) over the same period. Because
school property tax increases have not been sufcient
to replace the decrease in state aid, total school district operating revenue per pupil fell from $10,772 in FY 2003 to $9,926 in FY 2012 (a 7.9 percent decline).From FY 2012 to FY 2015, total state per pupil operating aid to school districts is projected to increase from $8,248 to $8,894 (a 7.8% increase), while per pupil property tax levies are expected to drop from $1,677 to $1,606 (a 4.3% decline). The projected increase in per pupil
state aid from FY 2012 to FY 2015 is sufcient to replace
35.7 percent of the aid reduction from FY 2003 to FY 2012. Net of the aid increase and levy reductions, total per pupil school district operating revenue is projected to increase from $9,926 in FY 2012 to $10,500 in FY 2015 (a 5.8% increase).The pattern observed in the statewide data is replicated in the vast majority of individual school districts. Two-thirds experienced declining per pupil state aid and total revenue from FY 2003 to FY 2012, followed by a projected recovery in both aids and total revenue from FY 2012 to FY 2015; however, the projected increases in aid and total revenue from FY 2012 to FY 2015 are not large enough to offset the losses from FY 2003 to FY 2012, thereby resulting in a net decline in total per pupil revenue and state aid over the entire thirteen year span.
District-by-District School Funding Trends
UPDATED NOVEMBER 2013LOOK UP FUNDING BY SCHOOL DISTRICT VIEW STATE GRAPHTABLE: ALL DISTRICTSCompiled by Jeff Van Wychen
Minnesota 2020 Fiscal Policy FellowNovember 2013
 
Sources and Technical Notes:
 
School revenue in this analysis includes general education, special education, career technical, integration, alternative facilities, deferred maintenance, telecommunications, operating capital technology, and “miscellaneous levies.These categories comprise virtually all school operating revenue. Amounts in this report are expressed in constant FY 2014 dollars per pupil. Conversion to per pupil amounts is based on adjusted average daily membership (AADM). Conversion
to constant FY 2014 dollars is based on the Implicit Price Deator (IPD) for State and Local Government Purchases, which is the appropriate measure of ination [ http://www.mn2020.org/issues-that-matter/scal-policy/taking-the-spin-out-of-ination-estimates ] for
school districts and other local governments. All revenue, levy, and aid amounts and AADMs used in this report, including the IPD
ination indices used for the conversion to FY 2014 dollars, are from the Minnesota
Department of Education (MDE) thirteen year revenue trends spreadsheet [ http://bit.ly/1bVU2o3 ] dated November 1, 2013. “Revenue” as used in the MDE revenue trends spreadsheet is equal to the sum of state aids plus property tax levies. Aid amounts for FY 2010 include $500 million in federal assistance that was used to replace a one-time reduction in state general education aid.Data for FY 2013 is preliminary. Projections for FY 2014 and 2015 include the impact of
school nance changes enacted during the 2013 legislative session. Levy projections for FY 2014 and 2015 are speculative; nal levy amounts for FY 2014 and 2015 could vary signicantly from MDE projections.
Minnesota 2020 -- www.mn2020.orgPage 2

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