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Fact Sheet: The State of African American Women in the United States

Fact Sheet: The State of African American Women in the United States

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This is a snapshot of how African American women are faring in health, education, entrepreneurship, economic security, and political leadership.
This is a snapshot of how African American women are faring in health, education, entrepreneurship, economic security, and political leadership.

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Published by: Center for American Progress on Nov 07, 2013
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11/24/2013

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1 Center for American Progress | Fact Sheet: The State of African American Women in the United States
Fact Sheet:  The State of African American Women in the United States
By Maria Guerra November 7, 2013
 Arican American women, who make up 13 percen o he emale populaion in he Unied Saes,
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 are making significan srides in educaion, paricipaion, healh, and oher areas, bu here is a long way o go o ully close he racial and ehnic dispariies hey ace. New policies such as he Affordable Care Ac, or ACA, and oher proposed policies such as paid sick leave can grealy improve he lives o Arican American women and heir amilies. For example, under he ACA, around 5.1 million Arican American  women wih privae healh insurance are currenly receiving expanded prevenive ser- vice coverage
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 and an esimaed 3 million Arican American women will gain access o affordable or subsidized healh insurance.
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 Tis ac shee provides a snapsho o saisics abou healh, educaion, enrepreneurship, economic securiy, and poliical leadership ha should guide our choices o enac sensible policies o unleash he poenial o his growing demographic and benefi our economy.
Health
One in our Arican American women are uninsured.
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 Tis lack o healh insurance, along wih oher socioeconomic acors, coninues o conribue o he dire healh issues  Arican American women ace. Hyperension is more prevalen among Arican American women han any oher group o women: 46 percen o Arican American women 20 years o age and older have hyperension, whereas only 31 percen o whie women and 29 percen o Hispanic women in he same age bracke do.
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 While whie women are more likely o have breas cancer, Arican American women have higher overall moraliy raes rom breas cancer.
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 Every year, 1,722 Arican  American women die rom breas cancer󲀔an average o five Arican American  women per day.
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2 Center for American Progress | Fact Sheet: The State of African American Women in the United States
Chlamydia and gonorrhea inecion raes or Arican American women are 19 imes higher han hose o whie women.
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 Arican American women have higher raes o human papillomavirus, or HPV, and cervical cancer, wih moraliy raes double hose o whie women.
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 Arican American women represen 65 percen o new AIDS diagnoses among women.
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 Arican American women experience uninended pregnancies a hree imes he rae o whie women.
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Black women are our imes more likely o die rom pregnancy-relaed causes, such as embolism and pregnancy-relaed hyperension, han any oher racial group.
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Birh raes or eenage Arican American women rom ages 15 o 19 decreased by 7 percen rom 2011 o 2012.
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 Arican American women have he highes raes o premaure birhs and are more likely o have inans wih low or very low birh weighs.
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 Arican American inans are more han 2.4 imes more likely as whie inans o die in heir firs year o lie.
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Only 35 percen o Arican American lesbian and bisexual women have had a mam-mogram in he pas wo years, compared o 60 percen o whie lesbian and bisexual  women.
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Educational attainment
Te level o educaional atainmen or Arican American women has risen very slowly and sill sis a a significanly lower level han ha o whie women. Te college graduaion rae o Arican American women or he 2004 cohor was 24.1 percen and has no increased a he same rae as he graduaion raes o whie women, Lainas, or Asian American women.
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 Only 21.4 percen o Arican American women had a college degree or higher in 2010, compared o 30 percen o whie women.
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 Arican American women held 8.58 percen o bachelor’s degrees held by women in 2012 hough hey consiued 12.7 percen o he emale populaion.
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Only 2 percen o Arican American women are represened in science, echnology, engineering, and mahemaics, or SEM, fields,
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 while women in oal make up 24 percen o he SEM workorce.
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3 Center for American Progress | Fact Sheet: The State of African American Women in the United States
 Arican American women earned more han hal o all science and engineering degrees compleed by Arican Americans󲀔surpassing heir male counerpars.
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  According o Census daa abou work-lie earnings, whie women make more han  Arican American women among ull-ime, year-round workers, regardless o whadegrees hey have obained.
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Entrepreneurship
 Arican American women-owned businesses coninue o grow despie significan finan-cial and social obsacles. Arican American-owned businesses are he ases-growing segmen o he women-owned business marke and are saring up a a rae six imes higher han he naional average.
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Te number o companies sared by Arican American women grew nearly 258 per-cen rom 1997 o 2013.
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Te number o Arican American women-owned businesses in 2013 was esimaed a 1.1 million, comprising 42 percen o businesses owned by women o color and 49 percen o all Arican American-owned businesses.
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 Arican American women-owned businesses employed 272,000 workers and gener-aed $44.9 billion in revenue in 2013.
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O he op 10 ases-growing privae companies owned by black enrepreneurs rom 2009 o 2012, only 27 percen were owned by black women.
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Economic security
 Arican American women coninue o have higher raes o unemploymen han whie  women and coninue o have lower amouns o weekly usual earnings and median  wealh compared o heir male counerpars and whie women. Tese dispariies leave a growing porion o our populaion more vulnerable o povery and is implicaions. Te mos curren available daa show ha Arican American women only made 64 cens o he dollar compared o whie, non-Hispanic men in 2010.
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 Whie women made 78.1 cens o he same dollar.
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