Violence of any colour) state or non-state ) is not tolera%le to the new generation. The ideology which anticipated #ictory of the gun o#er the spirit of the nation stands dissipated of any historic energy. The e#olution of guerilla war into positional war appears to ha#e reached a dead end where all exit routes are closed. The leadership has foreseen the fin de si3cle. Naxalism as expression of discontent against socio-economic disparityt started in the year 4567 from Naxal%ari in +est 1engal.
The term Naxalites comes from Naxal%ari) where a section of 8(, led %y 8haru ,ajumdar) 9anu *anyal) :am (ra%ha# *ingh and angal *anthal) ( Inspector initiated a #iolent uprising in 4567. ;n ,ay 4<) 4567) the *iliguri 9ishan *a%ha) of which angal *anthal was the president) forcefully redistri%utd land to the landless. =nder the leadership of 8haru ,a0umdar) the 8(I>,-?@) was founded to spearhead the mo#ement aimed at a *pring Thunder with spontaneous mass upsurge all o#er India that would create a Ali%erated 0oneA. ;n 'pril 22) 45<) the 8ommunist (arty of India >,arxist-?eninist@ (eopleAs +ar) &nown as (eopleAs +ar Broup >(+B@ was founded %y 9ondapalli *eetharamaiah. 8(I >,?@ (+B >4576@ and 8(I >,?@ (= >45<@ together merged to form 8(I >,?@ (+ >455<@. 8(I >,aoist@ was formed after merger of 8(I>,?@>(+@ with ,88 >4565@ which itself had entered into #arious mergers with groups li&e :88I>,@ in (unja%) on *ept. 24st 2!. $stimates suggest that there are 7)C weapons for 4)" armed cadres nationwide) and a 2")-strong peopleDs militia) with ") mem%ers in #illage-le#el units. The ,aoists ha#e three pronged strategy in armed re%ellion--- guerilla war) mo%ile war and then positional war.