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Published by: sar0000 on Nov 08, 2013
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ﻠﻌﻟا
 
ﺚﺤﺒﻟاو
 
ﻟﺎﻌﻟا
 
ﻢﯿﻠﻌﺘﻟا
 
ةرازو
 
داﺪﻐﺑ
 
ﺔﻌﻣﺎﺟ
-
ﻮﻠﻌﻟا
 
ﺔﯿﻠﻛ
 
مﻮﻠﻌﻠﻟ
 
ﺔﯿﻗاﺮﻌﻟا
 
ﺔﻠﺠ ﻟا
 
صﺎﺧ
 
دﺪﻋ
-
ﺸﻨﻠﻟ
 
ﺔﻟﻮﺒﻘ ﻟا
 
ثﻮﺤﺒﻟا
 
لوﻻا
 
ﻠﻌﻟا
 
ﺮ ﺗﺆ ﻟا
 
ﻓ
 
ةﺎﯿﺤﻟا
 
مﻮﻠﻋ
 
ﻢﺴﻗ
 
ﻦﻣ
 
ةﺮﺘﻔﻠﻟ
6-7\
اذا
\2012 
 
 367
 
ﻔﻠﺨﻤ
 
ﺔﺠﻟ ﻌﻤ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤ
 
ﺀ ﺸﻨﻹ
 
ﺔﻴﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻯﻭﺩﺠﻟﺍﻭ
 
ﺍﺭﻴﺜﺄﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍﻴﻴﺨﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﺓﺭﺠﺸﻟ
 
ﺯﻴﺯﻋ
 
ﺭﻜ ﺸ
 
ﺀﻼﺠﻨ
 
،ﺱﺭ ﻓ
 
ﺭﻭﺼﻨﻤ
 
ﺩﻤﺤﻤ
 
،ﻥ ﻤﻠﺴ
 
لﻫ ﺠ
 
ﻲﻠﻋ
 
،ﻱﻭﺴﻭﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻡﻴﻫﺍﺭﺒﺇ
 
ﻲﻠﻋ
 
 
 
ﻨﻘﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺩﻬﻌﻤﻟﺍ
 .
ﺒﺎﺒ
-
ﺍﺭﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺼﻼﺨﻟﺍ
. 
ﺞﻨـﺘﺍﺭ
 
ﻥـﻤ
 
ﺔـﻨﻭﻜﻤ
 
ﺔﻨﻴﺠﻫ
 
ﺔﺒﻜﺍﺭﺘﻤ
 
ﺓﺩﺎﻤ
 
ﻊﻴﻨﺼﺘ
 
ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟ
 
ﺔﻴﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻯﻭﺩﺠﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩ
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
ﺙﺤﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺍﺫﻫ
 
ﻑﺩﻬﻴﺕﻴﺍﺩﻟﺭﻹﺍ
(AY103) 
ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺤﺃ
 
ﻥﻭﺒﺭﺎﻜﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﺎﻴﻟﺄﺒ
 
ﺓﺎﺴﻘﻤ
 
ﻯﺭﺨُ
 
ﺓﺩﺎﻤ
 
ﻊﻤ
 
ﺎﻬﺘﻨﺭﺎﻘﻤﻭ
 
لﻴﺨﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﺎﻴﻟﺄﺒ
 
ﻰﺴﻘﻤﻟﺍﻩﺎﺠﺘﻹ
 
ﻊﻴﻨﺼﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤ
 
ﻓ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺜﺃ
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻓ
 
ﻊﻴﻨﺼﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ
 
ﺭﺜﺃ
 
لﻴﻠﺤﺘ
 
لﻼﺨ
 
ﻥﻤ
 .
ﺔـﺴﺍﺭﺩ
 
ﻡﺘﹰﻀﻴﺃ
 
ﺔﻴﺭﺍﺭﺤﻟﺍ
 
ﺎﻬﺘﻴﻠﺼﻭﻤ
 
ﻯﺩﻤ
 
ﺏﺎﺴﺤﻭ
 
ﺔﻨﻴﺠﻬﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺒﻜﺍﺭﺘﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻠﻟ
 
ﻱﺭﺍﺭﺤﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
.
ﺔـﻟﺩﺎﻌﻤ
 
ﻡﺍﺩﺨﺘﺴﺇ
 
ﻡﺘ
 
ﺩﻘﻟ
 
ﻱﺭﺍﺭﺤﻟﺍ
 
لﻴﺼﻭﺘﻟﺍ
 
لﻤﺎﻌﻤ
 
ﺏﺎﺴﺤﻟ
 
ﺭﻴﺭﻭﻓ
(k)
ﺔﺒﻜﺍﺭﺘﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻠﻟﻀﻭﻤ
 
ﺎﻤﻜ
 
ﺔﺠﺘﺎﻨﻟﺍلﺜﻤﺘ
 
ﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﺎﻁﻁﺨﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻓ
 
ﺓﺭﺍﺭﺤﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺠﺭﺩ
 
ﻊﻤ
 
ﻱﺭﺍﺭﺤﻟﺍ
 
لﻴﺼﻭﺘﻟﺍ
 
لﻤﺎﻌﻤ
 
ﺔﻗﻼﻋ
.
ﺭﺎـﺒﺘﺨﺇ
 
ﻥﻤ
 
ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ
 
لﻭﺼﺤﻟﺍ
 
ﻡﺘ
 
ﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺞﺌﺎﺘﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﺭﻬﻅﺃلﻴﺨﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﺎﻴﻟﻷ
 
ﻱﺭﺍﺭﺤﻟﺍ
 
لﻴﺼﻭﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻤﻴﻗ
 
ﻥﺇ
 
ﻱﺭﺍﺭﺤﻟﺍ
 
لﻴﺼﻭﺘﻟﺍﻴﻌﻴﺒﻁﻟﺍﻑﺎﻴﻟﺄﺒ
 
ﺔﻴﻭﻘﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻟﺎﺤ
 
ﻓ
 
ﻪﻨﻤ
 
ﻰﻠﻋﺃ
 
ﻭﻫ
 
ﺔﻨﻴﺠﻬﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﺎﻴﻟﻷﺍﻭ
 
ﺝﺎﺠﺯﻟﺍ
 
ﻟﺍﻟﺍﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﻤﻠﻜ
:
ﺔﻨﻴﺠﻫ
 
ﻑ ﻴﻟﺃ
 
،
 
ﻱﺭﺍﺭﺤﻟﺍ
 
لﻴﺼﻭﺘﻟﺍ
 
،ﺔﺒﻜﺍﺭﺘﻤ
 
ﺓﺩ ﻤ
 
،
 
ﺔﻴﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻯﻭﺩﺠﻟﺍ
. 
STUDY THE EFFECTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS TO ESTABLISH A PROJECT TO TREATMENT FIBERS GARBAGE'S OF PALMS
Ali I. Al-Mosawi, Ali J. Salaman, Mohammad M. Fares, Naglaa S. Aziz
Technical Inst. Babylon-Iraq
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to study the
 
environmental benefit of manufacturing  process of hybrid composite material consisted from araldite resin(AY103) reinforced by natural palms fibers and compared it with another material reinforced  by unidirectional carbon fibers, through analysis the effect the manufacturing  process on environment in addition to the effect of environment on manufacturing  project . Thermal behavior of hybrid composite material was studied and also calculated the range of it's thermal conductivity . Fourier equation used to calculate the thermal conductivity coefficient(
) to obtained composite material as illustrated in diagrams which represent the relation between thermal conductivity coefficient with temperature. The results obtained from thermal conducting test show that the thermal conducting value of natural palms fibers higher than reinforcing with glass and hybrid fibers .
Keywords: Environmental benefit, Composite material, Thermal conducting, Hybrid Fibers,
 
 
 368
1
. 
ﺔﻤﺩﻘﻤﻟﺍ
)
Introduction
.(
 
لـﻴﺨﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﺓﺭﺠـﺸ
 
ﺎﻬﻴﻓ
 
ﺭﻓﻭﺘﺘ
 
ﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺍﺩﻠﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻤ
 
ﻕﺍﺭﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﺩﻌ
 
لـﺜﻤ
 
ﺔﻴﻋﺍﺭﺯﻟﺍ
 
ﺎﻬﺘﺎﻔﻠﺨﻤ
 
ﻥﻤ
 
ﺭﻴﺜﻜﻟﺍ
 
ﹰﻴﻭﻨﺴ
 
ﺡﺭﻁﻴ
 
ﺘﻟﺍﻭ
 
ﺓﺭﺜﻜﺒ
 
لﻴﺨﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﻉﺭﺍﺯﻤﺒ
 
ﺔﻁﻴﺤﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻕﻁﺎﻨﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻓ
 
ﺎﻫﺭﻴﻏﻭ
 
ﻑﺎﻴﻟﻷﺍﻭ
 
ﻑﻌﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺎﻬﻠﻌﺠﻴ
 
ﺎﻤﻤ
 
ﺔﻴﻨﻜﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﻕﻁﺎﻨﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻓ
 
ﻰﺘﺤﻭﺭﺎـﺸﺘﻨﻹ
 
ﺔـﻟﺎﻌﻓ
 
ﺓﺭﺅﺒ
 
ﺽﺭﺍﻭﻘﻟﺍﻭ
 
ﺕﺍﺭﺸﺤﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻁﺎﺴﻭﺒ
 
ﺔﻟﻭﻘﻨﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺽﺍﺭﻤﻷﺍ
.
ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﻓ
 
ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻨـﺼﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ
 
ﻊﻴﻨﺼﺘ
 
ﻓ
 
ﺕﺎﻔﻠﺨﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻩﺫﻫ
 
ﻥﻤ
 
ﺩﺎﻔﺘﺴ
ﻥﺎﻜ
 
ﻕﻁﺎـﻨﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺜﻜﺃ
 
ﻓ
 
ﺎﻬﻨﻋ
 
ﺀﺎﻨﻐﺘﺴﻹﺍ
 
ﻡﺘ
 
ﺩﻘﻓ
 
ﻡﻭﻴﻟﺍ
 
ﺎﻤﺃ
 
ﺔﻴﺒﻌﺸﻟﺍ
 
ﺔـﻟﺍﺯﺇ
 
ﻰﺘﺤ
 
ﻭﺃ
 
ﻪﻔﻴﻔﺨﺘ
 
ﺏﺠﻴ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﹰﺌﺒﻋ
 
لﻜﺸﺘ
 
ﺕﺃﺩﺒ
 
ﻙﻟﺫﻟﻩﺭﺎﺜﺁ
.
ﺙﺤﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﺩﻬﻴﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤ
 
ﺀﺎﺸﻨﺇ
 
ﺔﻴﻨﺎﻜﻤﺇ
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩ
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
ﻟﺎﺤﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﻴﻔﺨﺘﻟ
 
لﻴﺨﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﺓﺭﺠﺸﻟ
 
ﺔﻴﻌﻴﺒﻁﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﻴﻠﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﺎﻔﻠﺨﻤ
 
ﺔﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤﻟ
 
ﻠﺤﻤ
 
ﻓ
 
ﺔﺒﻭﻠﻁﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﺎﺠﺘﻨﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻤ
 
ﺩﺩﻋ
 
ﻊﻴﻨﺼﺘ
 
لﻼﺨ
 
ﻥﻤ
 
ﺔﻴﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺜﺁ
 
ﺔـﻴﺭﺍﺭﺤﻟﺍ
 
لﺯﺍﻭﻌﻟﺍﻭ
 
ﻑﺌﺎﻘﺴﻟﺍﻭ
 
ﺕﻼﻅﻤﻟﺍ
 
لﺜﻤ
 
ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻕﻭﺴﻟﺍﻟﺍﻭ
 
ﻊﺒﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﻴﻏ
 
ﺭﺘﺴﺃ
 
ﻟﻭﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺞﻨﺘﺍﺭ
 
ﻥﻤ
 
ﺎﻬﻌﻴﻨﺼﺘ
 
ﻡﺘﻴ
 
ﺘﻟﺍﻭﻱﺫ
 
ﻰـﻠﻋ
 
ﺀﺎﻀﻘﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻜﻤﻴ
 
ﻙﻟﺫﺒﻭ
 
ﺔﻴﻌﻴﺒﻁﻟﺍ
 
لﻴﺨﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﺎﻴﻟﺄﺒ
 
ﻪﺘﻴﻭﻘﺘ
 
ﻡﺘﺘ
 
ﻕﺭﺤﺘ
 
ﺩﻗ
 
ﺘﻟﺍﻭ
 
ﺔﻴﻌﻴﺒﻁﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﺎﻔﻠﺨﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻩﺫﻫ
 
ﻤﺭ
 
ﻥﻤ
 
ﺞﺘﺎﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﺙﻭﻠﺘﻟﺍﺎﻬﺒ
 
ﺔﻁﻴﺤﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺙﻭﻠﺘ
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
ﻱﺩﺅﻴ
 
ﺎﻤﻤ
. 
2.
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻠﻟ
 
ﺔﻴﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻯﻭﺩﺠﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩ
. 
ﺏﻨﺎﺠ
 
ﻥﻤ
 
ﺔﻗﻼﻋ
 
ﺕﺴﻴﻟ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍﻭ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻴﺒ
 
ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺇﻗﻼﻋ
 
ﻬﻓ
 
ﺩﺤﺍﻭﺎـﻬﺘﺎﻨﻭﻜﻤ
 
لﻜﺒ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻠﻟ
 
ﺭﺎﺜﺁ
 
ﺩﺠﻭﻴ
 
ﺙﻴﺤ
 
ﺔﻴﻟﺩﺎﺒﺘ
 
ﺔ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻓ 
ﺀﺍﻭـﺴ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻓ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻠﻟ
 
ﺭﺜﺃ
 
ﺩﺠﻭﻴ
 
ﻪﻨﺍ
 
ﺎﻤﻜ
 
ﹰﻴﺒﻠﺴ
 
ﻭﺃ
 
ﹰﻴﺒﺎﺠﻴﺇ
 
ﺭﺜﻷﺍ
 
ﺍﺫﻫ
 
ﻥﺎﻜ لﻤﺎﺸﻟﺍ
 
لﻴﻠﺤﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺈﻓ
 
ﻟﺎﺘﻟﺎﺒﻭ
 
ﺫـﺨﺄﻴ
 
ﻥﺃ
 
ﻱﺭﻭﺭـﻀﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻤ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻠﻟ
 
ﺔﻴﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻯﻭﺩﺠﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟ
 
ﻩﺎﻨﺩﺃ
 
ﺢﻀﻭﻤ
 
ﺎﻤﻜﻭ
 
ﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﻹﺍ
 
ﻥﻴﻌﺒ
 
ﻥﻴﺭﺜﻷﺍ
]1[: 
1-
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻲﻓ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺜﺃ
. 
ﺙـﺤﺒ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻓ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺜﻷ
 
ﻠﻴﻠﺤﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺎﻁﻹﺍ
 
ﻱﻭﻁﻨﻴ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻓ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﻴﺜﺄﺘ ﻥﻴﺭﺜﺃ
 
ﺩﻭﺠﻭﻟ
 
لﺎﻤﺘﺤﺇ
 
ﺩﺩﺠﻨ
 
ﺩﻗ
 
ﺎﻨﻫﻭ
 
ﹰﻴﺒﺎﺠﻴﺇ
 
ﻥﻭﻜﻴ
 
لﻭﻷﺍ ﻥـﻤ
 
ﻯﻭﺩﺠ
 
ﻪﻟ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
لﻌﺠﻴ
 
ﺎﻤ
 
ﻭﻫﻭ
 
ﺔﻴﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻴﺤﺎﻨﻟﺍ ﺏﺒـﺴﻴ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺃ
 
ﻱﺃ
 
ﹰﻴﺒﻠﺴ
 
ﻥﻭﻜﻴ
 
ﺭﺨﻵﺍﻭﻟﺎﺒ
 
ﹰﺭﺍﺭﻀﺃﻭﺃ
 
ﺀﺎـﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻭﺃ
 
ﺀﺍﻭـﻬﻟﺍ
 
ﺙﻭـﻠﺘ
 
لﻼﺨ
 
ﻥﻤ
 
ﺀﺍﻭﺴ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﺎﻫﺭﻴﻏﻭ
 
ﻥﺎﻜﻤﻟﺍ ﻫ
 
ﺕﻻﺎﻤﺘﺤﺇ
 
ﺔﺜﻼﺜ
 
ﻡﺎﻤﺃ
 
ﻥﻭﻜﻨ
 
ﺎﻨﻫﻭ
: 1-
ﺔـﻴﺎﻤﺤﻭ
 
ﺎﻬﺘﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤ
 
ﻥﻜﻤﻴ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺎﺒ
 
ﺓﺭﺎﻀ
 
ﺭﺎﺜﺁ
 
ﺩﻭﺠﻭ
 
لﺎﻤﺘﺤﺇ
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﺓﺭﻴﺒﻜ
 
ﻑﻴﻟﺎﻜﺘ
 
ﻑﻴﻀﺘ
 
ﺔﺼﺎﺨ
 
ﺕﺍﺩﻌﻤ
 
ﺏﻴﻜﺭﺘﺒ
 
ﺎﻬﻨﻤ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍﺔﺠﺭﺎﺨﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻴﺩﻘﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﺎﻘﻓﺩﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﻓ
 
ﺭﺜﺅﺘﺴ
 
ﻟﺎﺘﻟﺎﺒﻭ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
. 2-
ﺤﺇﺔـﻴﺎﻤﺤﻭ
 
ﺎﻬﺘﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤ
 
ﻥﻜﻤﻴ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺎﺒ
 
ﺓﺭﺎﻀ
 
ﺭﺎﺜﺁ
 
ﺩﻭﺠﻭ
 
لﺎﻤ
 
ﻥﻋ
 
ﻭﺃ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻠﻟ
 
ﺓﺩﻴﺩﺠ
 
ﺓﺭﻴﺒﻜ
 
ﻑﻴﻟﺎﻜﺘ
 
ﺔﻓﺎﻀﺇ
 
ﻥﻭﺩ
 
ﺎﻬﻨﻤ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍﺭﺭﻀﻟﺍ
 
ﺍﺫﻫ
 
ﺙﺩﺤﻴ
 
ﻻ
 
ﺭﺨﺁ
 
ﻊﻗﻭﻤ
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
لﻘﻨ
 
ﻕﻴﺭﻁ
. 3-
ﺔﻴﺎﻤﺤﻭ
 
ﺎﻬﺘﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤ
 
ﻥﻜﻤﻴ
 
ﻻ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺎﺒ
 
ﺓﺭﺎﻀ
 
ﺭﺎﺜﺁ
 
ﺩﻭﺠﻭ
 
لﺎﻤﺘﺤﺇ
 
ـﻋﻭ
 
ﻉﻭﺭـﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺽﻓﺭ
 
لﻀﻔﻴ
 
ﺔﻟﺎﺤﻟﺍ
 
ﻩﺫﻫ
 
ﻓﻭ
 
ﺎﻬﻨﻤ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍﻡ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺎﺒ
 
ﺭﺭﻀﻟﺍ
 
ﻪﻗﺎﺤﻟﻹ
 
ﻪﺘﻤﺎﻗﺇ
 . 
ﻥﻤ
 
ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ
 
ﺔﺜﻼﺜ
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
ﺭﺎﺜﻵﺍ
 
ﻙﻠﺘﻟ
 
ﹰﻘﺒﻁ
 
ﺕﺎﻋﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﻨﺼﺘ
 
ﺔﻴﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺎﺜﻵﺍ
 
ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘﻭ
 
ﺔﻴﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻯﻭﺩﺠﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩ
 
ﺙﻴﺤ ﺎـﻤﻟ
 
ﹰـﻘﺒﻁ
 
ﻑﻴﻨﺼﺘ
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﺏﻭﻠﺴﻷﺍ
 
ﺍﺫﻫ
 
ﺩﻤﺘﻌﻴ
 
ﺙﻴﺤ
 
ﻡﺌﺍﻭﻘﻟﺍ
 
ﺏﻭﻠﺴﺄﺒ
 
ﻰﻤﺴﻴ
 
ﺔـﺜﻼﺜ
 
ﻰـﻟﺇ
 
ﺔـﻠﻤﺘﺤﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻴﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺎﺜﻵﺍ
 
ﺓﺩﺸﻟ
 
ﹰﻌﺒﺘ
 
ﺕﺎﻋﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍﻗﺌﺍﻭ
]1[: 
1-
 ﻀﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻤﺌ ﻘﻟﺍ
 
ﻋﻭﺭﺸﻤ
:
ﺔـﻴﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺎـﺜﻵﺍ
 
ﺕﺍﺫ
 
ﻫﻭﺔﻠﻴﻠﻗ
 
ﺔﻴﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﺇ
 
ﺔﻔﻠﻜﺒ
 
ﺎﻬﺘﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤ
 
ﻥﻜﻤﻴ
 
ﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻠﻴﺌﻀﻟﺍ
. 
2-
ﻴﺩ ﻤﺭﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻤﺌ ﻘﻟﺍ
 
ﻋﻭﺭﺸﻤ
:
ﺔﻴﺒﻠـﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺎﺜﻵﺍ
 
ﺕﺍﺫ
 
ﻫﻭﺔﻴﻟﺎﻋ
 
ﺔﻴﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﺇ
 
ﺔﻔﻠﻜﺒ
 
ﺎﻬﺘﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤ
 
ﻥﻜﻤﻴﻭ
 
ﺔﻴﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
. 
3-
ﺍﺩﻭﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻤﺌ ﻘﻟﺍ
 
ﻋﻭﺭﺸﻤ
:
ﺒﻟﺎﺒ
 
ﺓﺭﺎﻀﻟﺍ
 
ﻫﻭﻻﻭ
 
ﺔـﺌ
 
ﻉﻭﺭـﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺍﺫـﻫ
 
ﺽﻓﺭـﻴ
 
ﺎـﻤ
 
ﹰﺒﻟﺎﻏﻭ
 
ﺭﺍﺭﻀﻷﺍ
 
ﻱﺩﺎﻔﺘ
 
ﻥﻜﻤﻴﺡﺭﺘﻘﻤﻟﺍ
. 
2-
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻲﻓ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺜﺃ
.
 
ﻬﻓ
 
ﻡﺜ
 
ﻥﻤﻭ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺎﻬﻴﻓ
 
لﻤﻌﻴﺴ
 
ﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺎﻬﺒ
 
ﺩﺼﻘﻴﻭ
 
ﺥﺎـﻨﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻴﺭﻤﺜﺘـﺴﻤﻟﺍﻭ
 
ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﻺﻟ
 
ﺭﻓﻭﺘ
 
ﺩﻗ
 
ﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﻹﺍ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒ
 
ﻴﺒﻠـﺴ
 
ﻭﺃ
 
ﹰﻴﺒﺎﺠﻴﺇ
 
ﺭﺜﺅﻴ
 
ﻥﺃ
 
ﺎﻤﺃ
 
ﺥﺎﻨﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺍﺫﻫﻭ
 
ﻱﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﻹﺍ ـﻓ
 
ﺎـﻤ
 
لﻜﺸﺘ
 
ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﻹﺍ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒ
 
ﻥﺃ
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
لﻴﻠﺤﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺍﺫﻫ
 
ﺭﻴﺸﻴﻭ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﻹﺍ
 
ﺥﺎﻨﻤﺒ
 
ﻰﻤﺴﻴ
.
ﺔـﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ
 
ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘـﺴﻹﺍ
 
ﺥﺎﻨﻤﺒ
 
ﺩﺼﻘﻴﻭ
 
ﺔـﻴﻋﺎﻤﺘﺠﻻﺍﻭ
 
ﺔﻴﺴﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍﻭ
 
ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻹﺍ
 
ﻡﻅﻨﻟﺍﻭ
 
ﺔﻴﺴﺴﺅﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﺘﻟﺍﻭ
 
ﻤﻭﻗ
 
ﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﺇ
 
ﻱﺃ
 
ﻓ
 
ﺔﻴﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﻹﺍ
 
ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ
 
ﻓ
 
ﺓﺭﺜﺅﻤﻟﺍﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻓ
 
ﹰﻴﺒﻠﺴ
 
ﻭﺃ
 
ﹸﻴﺒﺎﺠﻴﺇ
 
ﺭﺜﺅﺘﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﻹﺍ
 
ﻉ
]2[.)
لﻜﺸﻟﺍ
2(
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺎﺒ
 
ﺭﺜﺄﺘﻴﻭ
 
ﺭﺜﺅﻴ
 
ﺡﻭﺘﻔﻤ
 
ﻡﺎﻅﻨ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺃ
 
ﺢﻀﻭﻴ
.
 
ﺕﻼﺨﺩﻤ
 
ﺕﺎﺠﺭﺨﻤ
 
ﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ
 
لﻜﺸ
2:
ﻭﺘﻔﻤ
 
ﻡ ﻅﻨ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ
]
2
[
ﻴﺒﻟﺍﻭﺭﺸﻤﻠﻟ
 
ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺌ
 
ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻠﻟ
 
ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻌﺠﺍﺭ
 
ﺔﻴﺫﻐﺘ
 

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