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The Shadow Robot Hand System Robotics is the Engineering Science

The Shadow Robot Hand System Robotics is the Engineering Science

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Published by: ANUJ on Aug 08, 2009
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04/25/2011

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Robotics
Robotics
is the engineering science and technology of robots, and their design,manufacture, and application.
Robotics is related to electronics, mechanics, and software.
The word robot was introduced to the public by Czech writer Karel Čapek inhis play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), published in 1920. The first recorded useof the term was byIsaac Asimov in his 1941 science fiction short-story
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[edit] Origins
See also:History of robotsand Robot Stories of artificial helpers and companions likewise attempts to create them have a longhistory, but fully autonomous machines only appeared in the 20th century. The firstdigitally operated and programmable robot, the Unimate, was installed in 1961 to lift hot  pieces of metal from a die casting machine and stack them. Today, commercial andindustrial robotsare in widespread use performing jobs cheaper or more accurately andreliably than humans. They are also employed for jobs which are too dirty, dangerous, or dull to be suitable for humans. Robots are widely used in manufacturing, assembly, and  packing; transport; earth and space exploration; surgery; weaponry; laboratory research;safety; and mass production of consumer and industrial goods.
 
DateSignificanceRobot NameInventor
FirstcenturyA.D. andearlier Descriptions of more than 100 machinesand automata, including a fire engine, awind organ, a coin-operated machine, anda steam-powered engine, in
 Pneumatica
and
 Automata
by Heron of AlexandriaCtesibius, Philo of  Byzantium, Heronof Alexandria, andothers
 
1206 programmableHumanoidAutomatons Boat withfour musiciansAl-Jazaric. 1495Designs for a humanoid robotMechanicalknightLeonardo da Vinci1738Mechanical duck that was able to eat, flapits wings, and excreteDigestingDuck Jacques deVaucanson1800sJapanese mechanical toys that served tea,fired arrows, and painted
 Karakuri
toysTanaka Hisashige1921First fictional automatons called "robots"appear in the play
 R.U.R.
Rossum'sUniversalRobotsKarel Čapek 1930sHumanoid robot exhibited at the 1939 and1940 World's FairsElektroWestinghouseElectric Corporation1948Simple robots exhibiting biological behaviors
Elsie andElmer William Grey Walter 1956First commercial robot, from theUnimation company founded byGeorgeDevolandJoseph Engelberger ,based on Devol's patents
UnimateGeorge Devol1961First installed industrial robotUnimateGeorge Devol1963First palletizing robot
PalletizerFuji Yusoki Kogyo1973Firstindustrial robotwith six FamulusKUKA Robot Group

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