Electricity networks (Smart Grids) –
Hydrogen and fuel cellsOther technologies that are critical for the transition to and operation of a more sustainableenergy system, such as electrical and hybrid vehicles, energy storage, etc. will be addressed inthe next update of the technology Map.The Technology Map describes for each technology: –
The current status and the anticipated technical developments, –
The current and future share in the European energy demand, –
The quantified impacts of technology penetration on: –
Greenhouse gas emissions, measured through quantities of CO
Security of supply, through quantities of fossil fuel saved, –
Competitiveness, through changes in the overall cost of energy production dueto the penetration of the technology, –
Barriers to penetration in the European energy market, –
Needs to realise its potential, –
Synergies with other technologies and sectors.The information used for this Technology Map is drawn from the JRC analyses andtechnology reviews as well as from the Expert Workshops and Hearings organised for eachtechnology in the course of spring 2007, in the context of the preparation of the SET-PlanCommunication.A synopsis of the outcome of the assessment of these technologies can be found at the end of this document.
The quantification of the effects of the penetration of the different technologies considered inthe Technology Map on the EU energy policy goals is made following a common assessmentframework. The methodology comprises the following steps:1.
the establishment of penetration levels for each technology according to the baselinescenario, which is considered as a business-as-usual,2.
the assumption of two distinct penetration scenarios for each technology thatrepresent alternative views of market potential,