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Interview Questions on 8085 n 8086

Interview Questions on 8085 n 8086

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Published by raghav_v2
8085 &x86 Interview Questions and Answers
8085 &x86 Interview Questions and Answers

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Published by: raghav_v2 on Aug 08, 2009
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8085 microprocessor questions
1. What are the various registers in 8085? - Accumulator register, Temporary register, Instruction register, StackPointer, Program Counter are the various registers in 8085 .2.In 8085 name the 16 bit registers? - Stack pointer and Program counter all have 16 bits.3.What are the various flags used in 8085? - Sign flag, Zero flag, Auxillary flag, Parity flag, Carry flag.4.What is Stack Pointer? - Stack pointer is a special purpose 16-bit register in the Microprocessor, which holds theaddress of the top of the stack.5.What is Program counter? - Program counter holds the address of either the first byte of the next instruction to befetched for execution or the address of the next byte of a multi byte instruction, which has not been completelyfetched. In both the cases it gets incremented automatically one by one as the instruction bytes get fetched. AlsoProgram register keeps the address of the next instruction.6.Which Stack is used in 8085? - LIFO (Last In First Out) stack is used in 8085.In this type of Stack the last storedinformation can be retrieved first.7.What happens when HLT instruction is executed in processor? - The Micro Processor enters into Halt-State and thebuses are tri-stated.8.What is meant by a bus? - A bus is a group of conducting lines that carriers data, address, & control signals.9.What is Tri-state logic? - Three Logic Levels are used and they are High, Low, High impedance state. The high andlow are normal logic levels & high impedance state is electrical open circuit conditions. Tri-state logic has a third linecalled enable line.10.Give an example of one address microprocessor? - 8085 is a one address microprocessor.11.In what way interrupts are classified in 8085? - In 8085 the interrupts are classified as Hardware and Softwareinterrupts.12.What are Hardware interrupts? - TRAP, RST7.5, RST6.5, RST5.5, INTR.13.What are Software interrupts? - RST0, RST1, RST2, RST3, RST4, RST5, RST6, RST7.14.Which interrupt has the highest priority? - TRAP has the highest priority.15.Name 5 different addressing modes? - Immediate, Direct, Register, Register indirect, Implied addressing modes.16.How many interrupts are there in 8085? - There are 12 interrupts in 8085.17.What is clock frequency for 8085? - 3 MHz is the maximum clock frequency for 8085.18.What is the RST for the TRAP? - RST 4.5 is called as TRAP.19.In 8085 which is called as High order / Low order Register? - Flag is called as Low order register & Accumulator iscalled as High order Register.20.What are input & output devices? - Keyboards, Floppy disk are the examples of input devices.Printer, LED / LCD display, CRT Monitor are the examples of output devices.21.Can an RC circuit be used as clock source for 8085? - Yes, it can be used, if an accurate clock frequency is notrequired. Also, the component cost is low compared to LC or Crystal.
 
22.Why crystal is a preferred clock source? - Because of high stability, large Q (Quality Factor) & the frequency thatdoesn’t drift with aging. Crystal is used as a clock source most of the times.23.Which interrupt is not level-sensitive in 8085? - RST 7.5 is a raising edge-triggering interrupt.24.What does Quality factor mean? - The Quality factor is also defined, as Q. So it is a number, which reflects thelossness of a circuit. Higher the Q, the lower are the losses.25.What are level-triggering interrupt? - RST 6.5 & RST 5.5 are level-triggering interrupts.
x86 interview questions
These interview questions test the knowledge of x86 Intel architecture and 8086 microprocessor specifically.1.What is a Microprocessor? - Microprocessor is a program-controlled device, which fetches the instructions frommemory, decodes and executes the instructions. Most Micro Processor are single- chip devices.2.Give examples for 8 / 16 / 32 bit Microprocessor? - 8-bit Processor - 8085 / Z80 / 6800; 16-bit Processor - 8086 /68000 / Z8000; 32-bit Processor - 80386 / 80486.3.Why 8085 processor is called an 8 bit processor? - Because 8085 processor has 8 bit ALU (Arithmetic LogicReview). Similarly 8086 processor has 16 bit ALU.4.What is 1st / 2nd / 3rd / 4th generation processor? - The processor made of PMOS / NMOS / HMOS / HCMOStechnology is called 1st / 2nd / 3rd / 4th generation processor, and it is made up of 4 / 8 / 16 / 32 bits.5.Define HCMOS? - High-density n- type Complimentary Metal Oxide Silicon field effect transistor.6.What does microprocessor speed depend on? - The processing speed depends on DATA BUS WIDTH.7.Is the address bus unidirectional? - The address bus is unidirectional because the address information is alwaysgiven by the Micro Processor to address a memory location of an input / output devices.8.Is the data bus is Bi-directional? - The data bus is Bi-directional because the same bus is used for transfer of databetween Micro Processor and memory or input / output devices in both the direction.9.What is the disadvantage of microprocessor? - It has limitations on the size of data. Most Microprocessor does notsupport floating-point operations.10.What is the difference between microprocessor and microcontroller? - In Microprocessor more op-codes, few bithandling instructions. But in Microcontroller: fewer op-codes, more bit handling Instructions, and also it is defined as adevice that includes micro processor, memory, & input / output signal lines on a single chip.11.What is meant by LATCH? - Latch is a D- type flip-flop used as a temporary storage device controlled by a timingsignal, which can store 0 or 1. The primary function of a Latch is data storage. It is used in output devices such asLED, to hold the data for display.12.Why does microprocessor contain ROM chips? - Microprocessor contain ROM chip because it contain instructionsto execute data.13.What is the difference between primary & secondary storage device? - In primary storage device the storagecapacity is limited. It has a volatile memory. In secondary storage device the storage capacity is larger. It is anonvolatile memory. Primary devices are:RAM/ ROM. Secondary devices are: Floppy disc / Hard disk.14.Difference between static and dynamic RAM? - Static RAM: No refreshing, 6 to 8 MOS transistors are required toform one memory cell, Information stored as voltage level in a flip flop. Dynamic RAM: Refreshed periodically, 3 to 4

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