New mental arithmetic techniques/tricks
AMARNATH MURTHYCHIEF ENGINEER (ELEX & TELCOM)ONGC, AHMEDABAD, INDIA
Fifth root of a 10 digit numbers which are perfect fifth powers.
First we have to list and memorise the fifth power of numbers from 1 to 9.1 , 32, 243, 1024, 3125, 7776, 16807, 32768, 59049The beauty is the unit digit is the same. A^5 Ξ A mod 10. ( A =1 to 9)Consider an up to 10 digit number as a fifth power of a two digit number.If the number has n digits n <= 10, consider the number formed by the n-5MSDs ( most significant digits). Let it be NFind numbers r and r +1 such that r^5 < N < (r +1)^5.Let the unit digit of the given number be ‘
’.Then digit ‘
‘ followed by digit ‘
is the required fifth root.Example : find the fifth root of 656356768 .The unit digit of the fifth root is 8.Leaving first five digits we have 6563.5^5 = 3125 < 6563 < 7776 = 6^5 hence the tens digit is 5The answer is 58. In fact one need not know the digit 2
.i.e. if the perfect fifth power number given is 6563 _ _ _ _8 , still one can findthe fifth root.