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Solar Energy Fundamentals

Solar Energy Fundamentals

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Published by Maintenance Circle

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Published by: Maintenance Circle on Aug 09, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/05/2011

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Solar Energy Basics
Solar energy is intense radiation energy produced bythermonuclear reaction in the sun
It takes approximately
eight minutes for a “packet” of light to reach earth’s surface
This energy can be captured and converted into two major useful forms: Heat and Electricity
The amount of energy captured depends on geographical 
location and amount of “radiation source” available
The amount of energy is greatest in afternoon compared tomorning and evening times
 No survival is possible without some sun light for all livingorganisms
reasons also why the water is transparent for helping aquatic animals
 
 Advantages and Disadvantages
 Advantages
 Allchemicalandradioactivepollutingby-productsofthethermonuclearreactionsremainbehinonthesun,whileonlypureradiantenergyreachestheEarth.
Energyreachingtheearthisincredible.Byonecalculation,30daysofsunshinestrikingtheEarthhavetheenergyequivalentofthetotalofallthe
 planet’s
 fossilfuels,bothusedandunused
Theheatenergyproducedbysun,ifevercapturedcompletely,cansatisfyentire
mankind’s
energyrequirementforhundredsofyears
Disadvantages
Sun does not shine consistently throughout the season and varies across geographical locations
 Also the 23 ½ degree tilt of earth axis ensures non-uniform distribution of solar energy
Solarenergyisadiffusetypeofheatsource.Toharness,itmustbeconcentratedintoanamountandformthatwecanusesuchasheatandelectricity.Thediffusionoccursduetovariousenvironmentalfactorslikeclouds,moisture,dust,pollutantandaltitudeofthelocation
The intensity of solar radiation after diffusion can vary from 10% to 100%
 Methods of concentration
 1) Collection 2) Conversion 3) Storage

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