HISPANIC RECIPIENTS OF THE U.S. CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR By Lino Garcia,Jr., Ph.D ( Tulane) Beginning with the American Revolution up to the present conflicts, Hispanics have been at the front of all battles and have enjoyed a long history of participation in all major wars and conflicts in support of the USA, and their sons and daughters have shown their allegiance to this country thought military service with many of them paying the ultimate sacrifice.
According to the “ U.S. Latino Project: From The
to Afghanistan” w
hen the Civil War ( although no war is civil) (1861-1865 ) had its beginning many Hispanic soldiers either fought in the Union or in the Confederate Armies. Thousands of Hispanics made their home in the United States of American during those years, and all of a sudden this population was divided between those who preferred the Union Army and those who fought alongside the Confederacy Army. At the beginning of this conflict, approximately 3,000 Hispanics served in the Union Army, and another 1,000 in the Confederate units during the beginning stages of this war between the states, and ultimately around 9,000 served in both the Union and Confederate units. Some served under separate Hispanic companies, and of the more tha
n 40,000 books on the Civil War, only one “Vaqueros in Blue and
y” details the role of the Hispanic soldier during the Civil War.
One Hispanic officer who became famous during this conflict was Admiral of the United States Navy David Farragut, whose father was Captain Jorge Farragut , born in Minorca, Spain, but who had participated actively in the American Revolution . Admiral David Farragut was instrumental in achieving victory in the Battle of Mobile on August 5, 1864. His
cry of “Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead” is a statement
most school students study in history classes. In Texas the Union Army raised twenty (20) companies made up of Tejano Cavalry, and several of the captains were: George Treviño,